SUB-REGIONS• Maghreb- Consists of Algeria,Morocco, Tunisia,Libya, Mauritania- An Arabic wordwhich means “wherethe sun sets”
SUB-REGIONS• Mashriq- Covers parts of territoryfrom west to east(Senegal, SouthernMauritania, Mali, Burkina,Faso, Southern Algeria,Niger, Northern Nigeria,Chad, Sudan, NorthernEthiopia, and Eritrea.- An Arabic wordmeaning “where the sunrises”
COUNTRY TYPE OF HEAD OF NATIONAL NAME GOVERNMENT STATE FLAGMORROCO Constitutional King Mohammed Monarchy IV (since July 23, 1999)ALGERIA Republic Incumbent Abdelaziz Bouteflika (since April 27, 1999)TUNISIA Republic Incumbent Moncef Marzouki (since December 13, 2011)
COUNTRY TYPE OF HEAD OF NATIONAL NAME GOVERNMENT STATE FLAGLIBYA Works under National transitional Transitional government Council (since February 27, 2011)EGYPT Republic Incumbent Mohamed Hussein Tantawi (since February 11, 2011)
SUB-REGIONS• Arabian peninsula• a peninsula which consists of barren desert areas between the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf• strategically important for its oil resources• Countries:• Saudi arabia• Qatar• Oman• Bahrain• Kuwait• United Arab of Emirates• Yemen
SUB-REGIONS• Fertile Crescent• The term was popularized by the American Orientalist James Henry Breasted.• refers to part of the ancient Near East that has been considered to be the principal center for the emergence of agriculture, villages, and cities, and hence the “cradle of civilization.”• extends in an arc from the Nile River valley through Israel, Lebanon, Jordan, and Syria and into Iraq• a rich food-growing area in a part of the world where most of the land is too dry for farming• a boomerang shaped region that extends from the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf• countries:• Israel• Jordan• Lebanon• Syria
PRODUCTSCountries Products NotesIran Oil One of the largest economy in the Automotive Middle East and has the potential to Telecommunications be one of the world’s largest Petrochemical economies in the 21st century Banking and InsuranceIraq Oil The war with the United States had handicapped Iraq’s economyU.A.E OilSaudi Arabia Oil Petrochemical and chemical products (SABIC-Saudi Arabian Basic Industries Corporation) Gol, Aluminum, Phosphate (Ma’adenYemen Khat Relies on expatriate remmittances Oil(Limited)Oman Oil Middle east’s most reliant country in oil
COUNTRY TYPE OF HEAD OF NATIONAL NAME GOVERNMENT STATE FLAGIRAN Theocratic Incumbent Republic Mahmoud Ahmadinejad (since August 3, 2005)IRAQ Parliamentary President Jabal Democracy Talabani (since August 7, 2005)OMAN Monarchy Sultan Qaboos bin Said Al Said (since July 23, 1970)
COUNTRY TYPE OF HEAD OF NATIONAL NAME GOVERNMENT STATE FLAGYEMEN Republic Incumbeny Abd Rabbuh Mansur Al-Hadi(since February 25, 2012)SAUDI ARABIA Monarchy Abdullah bin Abdul-Aziz Al Saud (since August 1, 2005)UNITED ARAB Federal Sheikh MohammeEMIRATES d bin Rashid Al Maktoum (Since January 4, 2006)
YEMEN• Yemen: elections on-going to replace leader Al salleh Abdulah
OMAN• Protesters set ablaze Lulu Hypermarket inSohar, Oman on 28 February 2011
REASONS FOR UPRISING-A wave of protests has erupted throughout the Middle Eastand North Africa. A combination of the global financial crisis,rising costs of living, high unemployment — especially ofeducated youth, frustration from decades of living underauthoritarian and corrupt regimes, various document leaksrevealing more details about how governments around theworld are dealing and viewing each other, have all combinedin different ways in various countries, leading to a wave ofrising anger.-Some protests have become revolutions as governmentssuch as those in Tunisia and Egypt have been overthrown.Others have not got that far but have sometimes beenpeaceful, other times met with very brutal repression.
- These protests do not only happen in a single country but also to those states goverened by an authoritarian government. Pro-democracy citizens struggles to overthrow leaders who abuse their authoritarian power for their personal interests.- We may wonder why these protests that later turned out to be revolutions were not as peaceful like what happened in our country. It’s because of the long-running oppressive regimes who assumes power taking it to a high level of audacity. As situations like these arise, ordinary citizens took up arms to help free themselves from the brutal regimes. This caused a more violent atmosphere between the two opposing sides.- It is also because leaders of these countries has decided to ratchet up the firepower, to crush this uprising once and for all to break their spirit, to seal these areas off so they cant get in, so that they cant get medical supplies in, so that they cant bring weapons in to support themselves as a last resort to stop these people.
ARAB SPRINGThe uprising of these countries in the Middle East and NorthAfrica particularly Syria, Libya, Tunisia etc. are a part of a wideron-going violent conflict, termed as the ARAB SPRING whichstarted more or less in 2010 affecting large part of the ArabWorld. Arab Spring is may be literally interpreted as ArabicRebellions/Arab Revolutions that are currently bombardingmany countries in the west. It is a revolutionary wave ofdemonstrations and protests occurring in the Arab world thatbegan approximately in December 2010. To date, rulers havebeen forced from power in Tunisia, Egypt Libya, and Yemen;civil uprisings have erupted in Bahrain and Syria; major protestshave broken out inAlgeria, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Morocco and Oman; and minorprotests have occurred in Lebanon, Mauritania, SaudiArabia, Sudan, and Western Sahara. Clashes at the borders of Israel in May 2011 and the Palestine194 movement have also been inspired by the regional ArabSpring.
The protests have shared techniques of civil resistance in sustained campaigns involving strikes, demonstrations, marches, and rallies, as well as the use of social media to organize, communicate, and raise awareness in the face of state attempts at repression and Internet censorship.Many demonstrations have met violent responses from authorities, as well as from pro- government forces and counter- demonstrators.
EFFECTS/IMPACT TO THE WORLD- Left and right protests caused an uproar affected extremely the social life not only of the citizens of the country but also other nationalities including OFWs of our own.- Since the west is known for their huge production of oil, these protests somehow hinders the trade of these countries around the world. Why? Of course, traders are afraid of terrorist attacks and tend to search for other sources of oil to avoid these kind of matters.- - This series of conflicts continue to threaten the future of countries not only in the middle east but also the countries around the world, hindering it to progress.