Command Words for GCSE Geography

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Command Words for GCSE Geography

  1. 1. Command words: GCSE Revision
  2. 2. What are command words? <ul><li>Command words are important words in exam questions. </li></ul><ul><li>They tell you what you actually have to do. </li></ul><ul><li>You need to understand the command words so that your answer is focussed and appropriate. </li></ul><ul><li>Once command word is COMPARE… </li></ul>
  3. 3. Making comparisons… <ul><li>Compare Describe the similarities and differences between two things (for example, two floods). </li></ul><ul><li>BUT …..Two separate accounts do not make a comparison, unless the second account refers back to the first. </li></ul><ul><li>A good technique would be to use comparative adjectives (describing words) - for example, larger than, smaller than, steeper than, gentler than, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>The word &quot;compare&quot; refers to both similarities and differences. </li></ul>
  4. 5. How many differences and similarities are there….
  5. 7. What other command words are there? <ul><li>Analyse </li></ul><ul><li>Assess </li></ul><ul><li>Contrast </li></ul><ul><li>Describe </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate </li></ul><ul><li>Explain </li></ul><ul><li>How far? </li></ul><ul><li>Justify </li></ul><ul><li>To what extent </li></ul><ul><li>What do you think you are being asked to do? </li></ul>
  6. 8. Task: Heads and tails <ul><li>Match the command word with the meaning….what do you think you are being asked to do? </li></ul>
  7. 9. What other command words are there? <ul><li>Analyse – identify the main characteristics and rate the factors with respect to importance. </li></ul><ul><li>Assess – Weight up a particular situation by looking at for/against or strengths/weaknesses </li></ul><ul><li>Contrast – Identify the differences between two or more things </li></ul><ul><li>Describe – Say what something is like. Use data if there is a graph. </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate – This means the same as assess </li></ul><ul><li>Explain – Give reasons why something happens </li></ul><ul><li>How far? – You need to put both sides of the argument across </li></ul><ul><li>Justify - </li></ul><ul><li>To what extent – The same as how far </li></ul>

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