ELEMENTS OF ART: LINE Definition of Line: An element of art that is used to define shape, contours, and outlines, also to suggestmass and volume. It may be a continuous mark made on a surface with a pointed tool or implied by the edges of shapes and forms.
Line exists in nature……Here are someexamples of line thatis in nature. Can youthink of otherexamples of line innature?
Types of Lines Gesture Lines Contour Lines Sketch Lines Calligraphic Lines Implied Line
GESTURE LinesLines that are energetic and catches the movement and gestures of anactive figure or the feeling of the overall shape What is this a gesture of?
CONTOUR LinesLines that describe the shape of an object and the interior detail(Outline of the basic shape and details)
Sketch LinesLines that captures the appearance of an object or impression ofa place, creates texture Lines can be combined with other lines to create textures and patterns. This is common in engravings and pen and ink drawings such as the one on the right. The use of line in combination results in the development of form and value, which are other elements of design.
Calligraphy LinesGreek word meaning “beautiful writing.” Precise, elegant handwriting orlettering done by hand. Also artwork that has flowing lines like eleganthandwriting.
IMPLIED lines Lines that are not actually drawn but created by a group of objects seen from a distance. The direction an object is point to, or the direction a person is looking at.As young children we usually begin drawing landscapes by making outlines for earth, sky, and other objects. Gradually we learn that objects do not have such outlines and we let color changes define the edges of shapes, creating implicit lines. Thus we can speak of a horizon "line," or the "lines" of a car or a fashion silhouette, even though we know there is no literal line present.How does pointing at a person create a line?
CHARACTERISTICS OF LINE Width Length Direction Focus Feeling
Expressive Qualities of LineHorizontal line suggests afeeling of rest or repose.Objects parallel to the earthare at rest in relation togravity. Thereforecompositions in whichhorizontal lines dominatetend to be quiet and restfulin feeling. One of thehallmarks of Frank LloydWrights architectural style isits use of strong horizontalelements which stress therelationship of the structureto the land.
Expressive Qualities of Line Vertical lines communicate a feeling of loftiness and spirituality. Erect lines seem to extend upwards beyond human reach, toward the sky. They often dominate public architecture, from cathedrals to corporate headquarters. Extended perpendicular lines suggest an overpowering grandeur, beyond ordinary human measure.
Expressive Qualities of LineDiagonal lines suggest a feeling of movement or direction. Since objects in a diagonal position are unstable in relation to gravity, being neither vertical nor horizontal, they are either about to fall, or are already in motion, as is certainly the case for this group of dancers. In a two dimensional composition diagonal lines are also used to indicate depth, an illusion of perspective that pulls the viewer into the picture-creating an illusion of a space that one could move about within. Thus if a feeling of movement or speed is desired, or a feeling of activity, diagonal lines can be used.
Expressive Qualities of Line Horizontal and vertical lines in combination communicate stability and solidity. Rectilinear forms stay put in relation to gravity, and are not likely to tip over. This stability suggests permanence, reliability and safety. In the case of the man in this family group, the lines seem to imply stability to the point of stodginess.
Expressive Qualities of Line Deep, acute curves, on the other hand, suggest confusion, turbulence, even frenzy, as in the violence of waves in a storm, the chaos of a tangled thread, or the turmoil of lines suggested by the forms of a crowd.Curved lines do vary in meaning, however. Soft, shallow curvessuggest comfort, safety, familiarity, relaxation.
What feeling do you get from these?Confusion or Comfort?