Leukemia project 2[1]


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Leukemia project 2[1]

  1. 1. LEUKEMIABy: Kennedy Nevles & Stacy Studer
  2. 2. WHAT IS CANCER? Cancer is a group of more than 100 diseases. Abnormal cell in a part of the body that grows out ofcontrol. Mutation in DNA.
  3. 3. CANCER OF BLOOD CELLS Cancer of blood cells. • Acute lymphocytic leukemia • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia • Acute myelocytic leukemia • Chronic myelocytic leukemia Starts in the cancer that forms blood Bone marrow makes abnormal white blood cells Early in chronic leukemia the leukemia cells can still do some of the work of normal white blood cells
  4. 4. LEUKEMIA Mutations that can trigger leukemia including, theactivation of oncogenes and the detection of tumorsuppressing genes. This disrupts the regulation of cell death, differential,or division. It an occur spontaneously.
  5. 5. CAUSES No known cause Increase in risk with exposure to radiation, benzene,and smoking • 20% of adult myeloid leukemia cases are linked to smoking.
  6. 6. PREVENTIONNo Prevention!
  7. 7. SYMPTOMS Swollen Lymph nodes that usually don’t hurt Fevers or night sweats Frequent infection Feeling weak or tired Bleeding and bruising easily Weight loss for no reason
  8. 8. DIAGNOSIS Repeated complete blood counts Bone marrow examination Personal and family medical history. Bone marrow aspiration Bone marrow biopsy
  9. 9. TREATMENT Chemotherapy • Blood chemistry tests can detect degrees of liver and kidney damage X-Ray MRI Ultrasound Pharmaceutical medication Multi-drug chemotherapy regimen
  10. 10. INDIVIDUAL CONDUCTING CURRENT RESEARCH Pamela S Becker ,MD, PHD• Dr. Becker is a hematology oncologist who treats people with blood disorders, leukemia, lymphoma, multiple myeloma, and myelodysplastic syndrome.• How she became what she is…• At the age of 16 Becker attended a biochemistry summer program put on by the national Science Foundation. The year she graduated from high school she volunteered at a local hospital and worked in the chemistry lab
  11. 11. CURRENT RESEARCH New biological therapies New anticancer drugs, doses, and treatment schedules Combination of drugs, biological therapy, radiationtherapy, and stem cell transplantation. More genetic research
  12. 12. M O R E C U R R E N T R E S E A RC H ! ! Supportive Care?• Clinical trial are underway to find better ways of reducingsymptoms and side effects of current leukemia treatments in order toimprove patients comfort and quality of life.
  13. 13. SCHOLARSHIP AND COMMUNICATION What do the 4 types of leukemia get there names from?• Each main type of leukemia is named according to the type of cellthat’s affected (a myeloid cell or a lymphoid cell) and whether thedisease begins in mature or immature cells.
  14. 14. SOURCES "Leukemia Cure, Causes, Diagnosis, Symptoms, Types andTreatment on MedicineNet.com." MedicineNet. Web. 16 Nov. 2011.<http://www.medicinenet.com/leukemia/article.htm>. Http://www.idph.state.il.us/cancer/factsheets/leukemia.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leukemia http://leukemia.emedtv.com/leukemia/leukemia-research.html