There are times in small unit warfare that infiltration tactics are needed.
Infiltration is used when
you want to execute movement undetected
you want to move into and through enemy territory
you want to occupy an area
you want to position your group into the enemy’s rear area
to give an attack advantage.
Infiltration forces are lightly equipped and stealthy.
This allows them to slip through the front line for strategic attacks
Infiltration can NOT defeat the defense by itself, so it must be used as a
supplement to another maneuver.
Modern infiltration tactics are heavily influenced by 3
first wave of infantry penetrate as far as possible
follow-up waves then attack strong points.
This was partially adopted in battle, but German counter attacks were
difficult to reinforce or hold against.
French Infiltration Tactics
Laffargue Infiltration Tactics
Injured in battle of 1915
Proposed a better idea
A small infantry unit with mobile firepower to deal with machine guns.
Penetrate gaps and weak points with heavy fire
Strong points would be temporarily neutralized by fire or smoke.
Then new waves would encircle and attack each one.
Hutier Infiltration Tactics
In 1918 used Laffargue’s insights to supplement his tactics
First, a brief and violent artillery attack of the enemy front
lines (suppress the positions)
Then, the artillery would be shifted to the enemy’s rear to
• lines of communication
• and command/control nodes
• meant to: o provide confusion
o weaken counterattacks
o weaken concentrated fires
o weaken ability to fill gaps/penetrations.
Oskar von Hutier
Then light infantry would
Evade and bypass fortified positions
identify gaps in the front line
be followed by more heavily armed units.
Then heavy units would attack the strong points and yet other
forces would enter gaps shortly after to further attack the strong
points, which would quicken the collapse of the entire front.
In 1918, this was successful against the British and French.
Direct attack from lightly defended positions
To flank or rear attack strongly defended positions
Disrupt enemy operations
Reconnaissance or surveillance
Reasons to use Infiltration Tactics
Has trained together
Established command and control
Is small for stealth
Is large enough to get out of trouble
If you are wanting to succeed at this, you must be a force that:
We will stick with a single lane of infiltration, since in a defense
position, you probably will only have a small force.
is an easily identifiable object where
the force can assemble or reorganize if
should be defensible as well as away
from normal routes of movement.
Initial Rally Point
Assemble for initial instructions, behind friendly lines
En Route Rally Point
based on terrain and visibility
Objective Rally Point
ORPs are tentative until objective is pinpointed and can be used before
and after conducting objective ops. It is out of sight, sound, and small
arms distance. This is where:
Orders can be updated
Recon information is typically received
Determine missing soldiers or equipment after objective actions
Reentry Rally Point
Where everyone will meet before reentry of friendly lines. It
is out of sight, sound, and small arms distance or friendly
lines. It will be occupied as a security perimeter as well
Near / Far Side Rally Points
If accidental contact is made during infiltration and control is
lost, people on the sides of this point will go to nearest rally point
to them to regroup.
Neighborhood defense, using urban terrain to flank the marauders
For use of a precision attack on a superior force in a rioting scenario.
Can you think of any other uses for this?
What about the best ways to train together?
When will you need to consider infiltration?
Moving a small mobile unit by water
Using trenches and hill tops to keep undetected as you move
Flanking (moving around and coming in from the back or side)
Cover fire on defenses to weaken the line, while the infiltration
team takes advantage of the confusion
Examples of Infiltration
Both groups are lined up, Group A plans to infiltrate Group B
There is one route (a) available by going around a hill
There is one route by a small river through wetland
There is a lot of tree coverage
One example of infiltration tactic
Hit the front line hard as a way to weaken and confuse them.
Then overload one side of their forces in order to divert attention away
from route A.
By overloading them, we may be able to break through.
Send a few guys through that route.
Hit the support positions behind the front.
Send a Group through the wetland where fortifications are nil.
Anyone that makes it through will meet up on the backside.
We will have a couple snipers and others that can cause damage from
behind the defenses.
Continue to hit the front, so it seems like the main attack.