Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

5 Steps to Building the Perfect Fire Outside or in a Fireplace


Published on

Fire building is extremely important in any kind of activities like camping, hiking and survival situation. These 5 steps of building the perfect fire would be a great help for you.

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

5 Steps to Building the Perfect Fire Outside or in a Fireplace

  2. 2. • Fire building is extremely important if you are going to hike, camp, or any other wilderness activity. • If you get stuck somewhere, having a fire is a huge concern for your safety, morale, and health! For this reason, you need to know the basic steps for campfire building.
  3. 3. Step #1: Find a SpotStep #1: Find a Spot On many occasions, a good, well placed fire will be the difference between life and death. So you need to: • Find a large dry area that can be taken down to dirt with at least a 3 foot diameter. • Try to have no tree branches directly overhead of the pit. • Find a spot that is fairly protected from wind • Then build a firewall out of rocks or similar usable materials. • These steps ensure a dry spot for your fire that isn't going to catch the entire forest on fire.
  4. 4. Step #2: Gather Your MaterialsStep #2: Gather Your Materials • You need tinder, kindling, and fuel to get the fire started. • Tinder is a small, dry, and easy burning item. Good examples are:  dried birch and cedar bark  cattails  wax  lint  char cloth (self-made)  moss (dried out)  wood shaving from your knife  even dried straw and pine needles (which aren’t quite as good)
  5. 5. Continuation…Continuation… • Kindling is larger than tinder, has more weight to it and will burn longer and hotter. It is added to the tinder once it is burning. It is designed to build the size and heat of the fire to a point to ignite the fuel. • Kindling can be: small dried branches small pieces of wood • If you shave dried wood but leave all the shavings attached, it can also act as kindling and fuel; these are called “fuzz sticks”.
  6. 6. Continuation…Continuation… • Fuel is generally firewood. It will burn hotter and much longer that kindling. It can be:  Dried logs  animal dung  peat • Usually the test of energy in a wood is how heavy it is when DRY. Heavier DRY wood will have longer and hotter burning. Most of the time, it will burn cleaner as well. It is usually hard- woods (oak, hickory) that we use for this, if given a choice.
  7. 7. Step #3: Set Up for Your FireStep #3: Set Up for Your Fire • You can make many different fires for different purposes, but the tee-pee is one of the easy ones to get lit, since fire climbs up. 1. Place all your firewood right beside where you will build it. 2. Next build a teepee out of kindling with a large area on one side so you can place your ember in it. 3. Beneath the kindling place a pad of tinder. 4. Create a birds nest out of tinder just outside of the teepee that you will ignite into a ember.
  8. 8. Step #4: Light the FireStep #4: Light the Fire • Here is how to Light the Fire: 1. Place the ember on top of the tinder pad inside the teepee and work on growing the flame. 2. You may add small bits of tinder or kindling to grow the fire a bit if you feel the need to until the teepee catches. 3. Once the teepee catches, begin adding firewood to the teepee. Step #5: Practice, Practice!Step #5: Practice, Practice! • Now go out and practice what you have been taught!
  9. 9. Connect with Us!Connect with Us!
  10. 10. Connect with Us!Connect with Us!