Nation part 1


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Nation part 1

  1. 1. Nation Project- Part 1 Argentina Argentina <ul><li>Kelsey Taylor </li></ul><ul><li>History 141 </li></ul>
  2. 2. Geography <ul><li>2,400 miles long, 870 miles wide </li></ul><ul><li>4 major regions: fertile central plains of the Pampas (agriculture), southern plateau of Patagonia (oil), subtropical northern flats of the Gran Chaco, and rugged Andes mountain range </li></ul><ul><li>Major rivers: Paraná, Pilcomayo, Paraguay, Bermejo, Colorado, Río Negro, Salado, y Uruguay </li></ul><ul><li>Shares a very long border with Atlantic Ocean </li></ul>
  3. 3. Geography <ul><li>General Climates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>North: very hot, humid summers with mild drier winters, subject to periodic droughts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Central: hot summers with thunderstorms and cool winters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>South: warm summers, cold winters with heavy snowfall especially in mountainous zones </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. People <ul><li>Demographics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>40 million inhabitants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>considered a country of immigrants: most are descendants of Europeans (86.4%), Mestizo (8%), or Arab and Asian (4%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>most of the immigrants came from Italy and Spain and many of them went to Buenos Aires </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Argentine constitution guarantees freedom of religion but also requires the government to support Roman Catholicism economically </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. People <ul><li>Language </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Official language is Spanish </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Argentina is the second largest Spanish-speaking society that uses “vos” instead of “tu” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>most prevalent dialect is Rioplatense in the Río de la Plata basin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the Buenos Aires accent is closer to the Neapolitan dialect of Italian than any other spoken language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>other languages spoken include Italian, Levantine dialect of Arabic, German, Guarraní, English, Portuguese, and French </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Culture <ul><li>Argentina has a rich literary history </li></ul><ul><li>Also has one of the region’s most active publishing industries </li></ul><ul><li>Jorge Luis Borges- most acclaimed writer </li></ul><ul><li>“golden age” of cinema was in the 1930-1950’s </li></ul><ul><li>Buenos Aires is one of the great capitals of theater </li></ul><ul><li>the cities are enriched by the many Argentine architects </li></ul>
  7. 7. Culture <ul><li>Common dishes: pasta, sausage and dessert dishes common to continental Europe and also a wide variety of indigenous and Crillo dishes including empanadas, locro, humitas, and yerba mate </li></ul><ul><li>Argentines have the highest consumption of red meat in the world </li></ul><ul><li>most popular sport is soccer </li></ul><ul><li>the tango is Argentina’s music symbol </li></ul><ul><li>Argentine rock is the most popular music among youths </li></ul>
  8. 8. History <ul><li>indigenous Inca indians were the first humans to inhabit Argentina </li></ul><ul><li>European settlers arrived in 1516 </li></ul><ul><li>1st settlement in modern Argentina was Fort of Sancti Spiritu in 1527 </li></ul><ul><li>Buenos Aires was established in 1536 but then destroyed by natives </li></ul><ul><li>populated by mainly Spanish settlers </li></ul><ul><li>1811- the country was united independently </li></ul><ul><li>lots of fighting took place between all the South American states </li></ul><ul><li>between 1880-1929, Argentina emerged as one of the ten richest countries in the world </li></ul>
  9. 9. History <ul><li>General Juan Perón ruled between 1946-1955 when he was then exiled </li></ul><ul><li>Returned in 1974 to take office one more time </li></ul><ul><li>“ Dirty War”- many political oppositions “disappeared” because they were killed </li></ul><ul><li>Current president Cristina Fernández de Kirchner was the 1st woman elected president of Argentina </li></ul><ul><li>She took over the presidency from her husband after 4 years of the country growing </li></ul>
  10. 10. Sources <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>