Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Chapter 7
Applied Learning OutcomesUse the terminologyassociated with the endocrinesystemLearn about hormones,glands, and their func...
Overview• The endocrine system  is a complex collection  of hormones that  coordinate many of the  body’s functions.• It i...
The Endocrine Glands –        Pituitary and PinealThe pituitary gland is known as the master endocrinegland because its nu...
The Endocrine Glands -              AdrenalThe adrenal glands aremade up of an outer cortexand an inner medulla.The adrena...
The Endocrine Glands –    Thyroid and ParathyroidThe thyroid glandhelps control themetabolic rate.The parathyroid glandinc...
The Endocrine Glands –     Pancreas and ThymusThe pancreas produces hormonesand digestive enzymes.The thymus gland produce...
The Endocrine Glands -            GonadsGonad: An organ of thereproductive systemTestis: The male gonad;produces sperm and...
Wellness and Illness over      the Life SpanEndocrine disorders are the result of either theoverproduction or underproduct...
Summary• The endocrine system is composed of  glands that produce endocrine secretions.• There are 10 distinct endocrine g...
Ap ch07
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Ap ch07

582 views

Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Ap ch07

  1. 1. Chapter 7
  2. 2. Applied Learning OutcomesUse the terminologyassociated with the endocrinesystemLearn about hormones,glands, and their functionsUnderstand the aging andpathology of the endocrinesystem Chapter 7 – The Endocrine Glands and Hormones
  3. 3. Overview• The endocrine system is a complex collection of hormones that coordinate many of the body’s functions.• It is composed of glands that produce endocrine secretions.• Endocrine secretions are cellular signals that go directly into the blood. Chapter 7 – The Endocrine Glands and Hormones
  4. 4. The Endocrine Glands – Pituitary and PinealThe pituitary gland is known as the master endocrinegland because its numerous hormones control most of theother endocrine glands and is intimately linked to theoverall coordination of the body’s organ systems.The pineal glandis responsible forproducingmelatonin andserotonin. Chapter 7 – The Endocrine Glands and Hormones
  5. 5. The Endocrine Glands - AdrenalThe adrenal glands aremade up of an outer cortexand an inner medulla.The adrenal cortexproduces corticosteroidsand androgens. Theadrenal medulla producesadrenaline andnoradrenaline. Chapter 7 – The Endocrine Glands and Hormones
  6. 6. The Endocrine Glands – Thyroid and ParathyroidThe thyroid glandhelps control themetabolic rate.The parathyroid glandincreases calciumlevels in the blood. Chapter 7 – The Endocrine Glands and Hormones
  7. 7. The Endocrine Glands – Pancreas and ThymusThe pancreas produces hormonesand digestive enzymes.The thymus gland producessecretions that stimulate the immunesystem. pancreas Chapter 7 – The Endocrine Glands and Hormones
  8. 8. The Endocrine Glands - GonadsGonad: An organ of thereproductive systemTestis: The male gonad;produces sperm andtestosteroneOvary: The female gonad;produces eggs, estrogen, andprogesterone Chapter 7 – The Endocrine Glands and Hormones
  9. 9. Wellness and Illness over the Life SpanEndocrine disorders are the result of either theoverproduction or underproduction of one or morehormones. The number of endocrine disorders isvast, as are the numbers of possible causes ofabnormal hormone production.Changes in hormone production contribute toaging. Most hormones decrease in amounts asadults age due to a natural decrease in the size ofthe endocrine glands, which is precipitated by thediminished blood flow through the capillaries thataccompanies human aging. Chapter 7 – The Endocrine Glands and Hormones
  10. 10. Summary• The endocrine system is composed of glands that produce endocrine secretions.• There are 10 distinct endocrine glands.• A hormone is any secretion that signals a cell to alter its metabolism.• Hormones work by attaching to receptors on target cells.• Most endocrine secretions control the body through negative feedback. Chapter 7 – The Endocrine Glands and Hormones

×