Cognitive prostheses are
devices, systems, and
strategies that assist the user
with memory, attention,
cognitive prostheses for
“The number of people age 65 and older is expected to
grow from 39 million in 2008 to 72 million in 2030,
and the number of people with AD doubles for every
5-year interval beyond age 65.”
1. National Institute on Aging, www.nia.nih.gov
Dementia & Alzheimer’s
“TBI is the leading cause of death and disability in
children and adults from ages 1 to 44.”
“Veterans’ advocates believe that between 10 and 20%
of Iraq veterans, or 150,000 and 300,000 service
members have some level of TBI.”
1. Brain Trauma Foundation, www.braintrauma.org
Traumatic Brain Injury
“Each year, approximately 795,000 people
experience a new or recurrent stroke.”
“From 1996 to 2006, the stroke death rate fell 33.5%,
and the actual number of stroke deaths declined
1. “Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics2010 Update: A Report From the American Heart Association,” Circulation
121 (2010): e46-e215, accessed November 18, 2010, doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.109.192667.
Cognitive Orthosis for Assisting aCtivities in the Home
Prompting device for guiding user through hand
washing. Employs video tracking and audio prompts to
keep the user on task.
A lab-based replication of a real kitchen ... [that]
allows both the evaluation of pervasive computing
prototypes and the simultaneous capture of the
multiple synchronized streams of sensor data.
Ambient Kitchen (2009)
An ambient interface that
would exist in a smart home
ecology like Ambient Kitchen
and leverage the tracking
model of COACH
Caroline Dupree is a 76-year old woman living in
upstate New York. Over her life she has held a
number of jobs, with a clerical position at the local
Veteran’s Administration oﬃce being the last
before retirement. She enjoys gardening and walks
over to her plot at the community garden as many
as four times a week in the summer.
Five years ago, Caroline’s husband, Richard,
started noticing a change. Caroline seemed to get
confused while doing relatively simple things
around the house. In the middle of washing dishes,
she would stop and look around her, as if unsure of
what it was she was doing.
Caroline was diagnosed with dementia. Her most
recent score of 18 on the mini-mental state
examination (MMSE), categorizes her dementia as
• Currently, tasks require human input for
• Interested in using video feedback.
• Unsure how “shadows” would be received
by those with dementia.
• Not sure how this could be evaluated.
Further Thinking & Concerns
• Explore video playback.
• Prompting in the service of learning.
• Prevention of memory deﬁcit?
• Scope of project