Where we get it
How we use it
How our use of energy sources
affects our lives
By Kella Randolph M.Ed.
Earth and Environmental Science
Created for my energetic students
Energy is the ability to cause changes, exert
forces or do work.
(In other words, energy is the ability to make
What is energy?
Non-renewable energy sources will some day be gone.
Old types of energy
HOW LONG WILL THESE FUELS LAST?
sources is a natural
resource that can be
replaced in a
reasonable amount of
Is a resource that is
unable to be replaced
naturally or is replaced
Non-renewable vs Renewable
Energy is released as heat
and light when coal burns.
Photo courtesy of www.politicalmirror.com
Energy is stored in coal.
Photo courtesy of buzz.money.cnn.com
Energy can exist in many forms. It can be
stored or expressed actively.
Fossil fuels include peat, coal, oil, and natural gas.
Fossil fuel is any fuel
formed deep in Earth’s
crust from the remains of
plants and animals.
Fossil fuels are, oil, natural gas, and coal. Peat is not as old, but is
a fossil fuel, too.
There are three major
forms of fossil fuels: coal,
oil and natural gas. All
three were formed many
hundreds of millions of
years ago before the time
of the dinosaurs – hence
the name fossil fuels.
At some point, the supply
of fossil fuels will be gone,
and humans must use
other, cleaner, and
renewable sources for
energy to power our
factories, homes, cars and
Oil, also called petroleum, is found in many
places throughout the world.
WORLD SUPPLIES OF OIL
Reserve to Production Ratios for Top Ten Oil-Producing Nations
Open Pit or Strip Mining
Top 10 Coal Producing Countries in the World www.energydigital.com
Open pit mining is faster, more efficient
and more devastating to the ecology.
Modern mining machine
The Beckley Exhibition Coal Mine
No. 9 Coal Mine & Museum – 6 blog.discoverlehighvalley.com
Some coal mines are tunnels
Some oil rigs are on land. Wells may go
down very deep to get to a pool of oil.
Offshore oil platform
An oil platform, (offshore platform or colloquially oil rig)
is a large structure with facilities to drill wells, to extract
and process oil and natural gas, and to temporarily
store product until it can be brought to shore for refining
and marketing. In many cases, the platform contains
facilities to house the workforce as well.
Depending on the circumstances, the platform may be
fixed to the ocean floor, may consist of an artificial
island, or may float. Remote subsea wells may also be
connected to a platform by flow lines and by umbilical
connections. These subsea solutions may consist of one
or more subsea wells, or of one or more manifold
centers for multiple wells.
Workers live on the oil rig three or four
weeks at a time.
Offshore living www.snaphappyross.co.uk
Offshore drilling in Belizewww.belizehub.com
Types of ocean oil rigs
Offshore oil drilling
Workers live on the platform for
several weeks, then go home for a
week or two, and come back again to
The nature of their operation —
extraction of volatile substances
sometimes under extreme pressure in a
hostile environment — means risk;
accidents and tragedies occur
regularly. The U.S. Minerals
Management Service reported 69
offshore deaths, 1,349 injuries, and 858
fires and explosions on offshore rigs in
the Gulf of Mexico from 2001 to
2010. In July 1988, 167 people died
when Occidental Petroleum's Piper
Alpha offshore production platform,
on the Piper field in the UK sector of
the North Sea, exploded after a gas
Working on an offshore oil rig
Natural Gas Drilling Is at a
Crucial Turning Point
Natural gas is generally found a mile or
more beneath the earth’s surface.
Smart Gas Meters Get a Boost in New SoCalGas-
Capgemini Deal www.navigantresearch.com
Natural Gas Exports
Virginia Nuclear Plants