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  • open access in Science

    1. 1. Open AccessInternational Tendences Presentation at CAAS AII, Beijing, China 2012-09-25 Dr. Johannes Keizer Office of Knowledge Exchange, Research and Extension Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN Presentations by Johannes Keizer is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution- NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
    2. 2. “After all, publishers need academics more than academics need publishers” (Economist) johannes keizer
    3. 3. Open Access: Why? 1. To maximise the uptake, usage, applications and impact of the research output of your university 2. To measure and reward the uptake, usage, applications and impact of the research output of your university (research metrics) 3. To collect, manage and showcase a permanent record of the research output and impact of your universitySlides for Promoting OA Mandates and Metrics by Stephen Hanard johannes keizer
    4. 4. CIARD MANIFESTO johannes keizer 4
    5. 5. Open Access to What? ESSENTIAL: OPTIONAL: (because these are not all author give-aways, written only for usage and impact): to all 2.5 million annual research articles Gray Literature 1. Books 2. Textbooks 3. Magazine articles 4. Newspaper articles 9. Data published in all 25,000 5. Music peer-reviewed journals 6. Video 7. Software (and peer-reviewed 8. “Knowledge” conferences) (or because author’s choice to self-archive can only be encouraged, not required in all cases): in all scholarly and 9. Data scientific 10. Unrefereed Preprints disciplines, worldwideSlides for Promoting OA Mandates and Metrics by Stephen Hanard johannes keizer
    6. 6. Impact Text Range = 36%-200% (Data: Stevan Harnad and co-workers) johannes keizer
    7. 7. Lawrence (2001) findings for computer science conference papers. More OA every yearfor all citation levels; higher with higher citation levels Slides for Promoting OA Mandates and Metrics by Stephen Hanard johannes keizer
    8. 8. There are two ways to provide OA:Green OA Self-Archiving: Authors self-archive the articles they publish in the 25,000 peer-reviewed journalsGold OA Publishing: authors publish in one of the c. 3000 OA journals (some still recovering costs through institutional subscriptions, others through author/institutional publication charges) This presentation is exclusively about providing Green OA, through university policy reform (by mandating Green OA Self-Archiving). It is not about Gold OA Publishing, which is in the hands of the publishing community, not the university community. (Green OA may or may not eventually lead to Gold OA, but it will lead with certainty to OA.) Slides for Promoting OA Mandates and Metrics by Stephen Hanard johannes keizer
    9. 9. What About Copyright?Mandate ID/OA: Immediate Deposit, Optional Access:All articles must be deposited immediately upon acceptance for publication.Publishers have no say over institution-internal record-keeping.Embargoed articles canbe made Closed Accessinstead of Open Access.63% of journals are Green(already endorse immediate OA)ROMEO/EPRINTS (Directory of Journal Policies on author OA Self-Archiving): johannes keizer
    10. 10. There are many repositories but few deposits because deposit mandates700600500400300 are still few: 15% of annual Actual documents200100 0 DEST publications 2.5 million articles Jun- Jul- Aug- Sep- Oct- Nov- Dec- Jan- Feb- Mar- Apr- May- Jun- 04 04 04 04 04 04 04 05 05 05 05 05 05 Slides for Promoting OA Mandates and Metrics johannes keizer
    11. 11. Author Surveys (Alma Swan) johannes keizer
    12. 12. Open Access Policy Mandates johannes keizer
    13. 13. johannes keizer
    14. 14. Case Studies - johannes keizer
    15. 15. Open Data Licensing johannes keizer
    16. 16. ..newest developments G20 MACS meeting • Open access to scholarly publications and other technical documentation, • Access to germplasm collections, • [Open access] to genomic and genetic data, as per relevant international treaties and national legislation, • Improving Agricultural Innovation Systems, and • Improving agricultural statistics. johannes keizer
    17. 17. European Union johannes keizer 17
    18. 18. CHINA 1. The Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) has been promoting open access to scientific dada through the establishment of data centers/platforms in various scientific areas, starting around 2005. Now 23 of such data centers/platforms have been established, which provide open access to relevant scientific data ( 2. Agricultural Scientific Data Center ( is one of the above mentioned platforms. It started in 2005. Agricultural Information Institute of CAAS is the coordinating organization for this platform under the guidance of the National Science and Technology Infrastructure Center (NSTIC, Now it contains more than 600 datasets in 12 agricultural scientific domains such as crop science, animal science, and aquaculture science. The data come mostly from public funded agricultural R&D projects, and they are open to all. 3. At CAAS, a pilot trial has been initiated that all R&D projects funded by the national government and conducted in the 11th Five Year Plan shall submit their research results (mostly in the form of data and publications) to NSTIC to provide open access to such research results. This policy will apply to all organizations nationwide that has undertaken such projects. 4. In the 12th Five Year Plan, it would be foreseeable that all agricultural R&D projects funded by the national government need to make their research findings available for open access. johannes keizer
    19. 19. Thanks to my team an especially to Imma Subirats for helping me getting the materials on open access 1