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2016 08 gxaas

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Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Science

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2016 08 gxaas

  1. 1. Presentation at the Guangxi Academy of Agricultural Science Hong Kong, 2016-08-02Johannes Keizer, GODAN Secretariat, FAO of the UN
  2. 2. • GODAN Secretariat Partnerships Lead • Team Leader at FAO for open Access and open Science • Background: Pesticide Chemistry Johannes Keizer, PhDThe Presenter Johannes.keizer@fao.org
  3. 3. ●Doubling food production for feeding 9 billion ●Knowledge Economy ●Data Intensive Science ●Open Access ●Key words !!
  4. 4. Daunting challenges - impressive opportunities: • The life science revolution is changing our understanding of the fundamental biology of plants, animals and people. It is transforming agriculture. • Information revolution approaches are critically transforming the retail end of food value chains- radical transparency. • Investment opportunities- private and financial sectors aware of need to mitigate risk and build resilience into food systems.
  5. 5. Why Open Data? • A world where knowledge creates power for the many, not the few • A world where data frees us — to make informed choices about how we live, what we buy and who gets our vote • A world where information and insights are accessible — and apparent — to everyone • This is the world we choose (Open Knowledge International https://okfn.org/)
  6. 6. “… research suggests that seven sectors alone could generate more than $3 trillion a year in additional value as a result of open data, which is already giving rise to hundreds of entrepreneurial businesses and helping established companies to segment markets …” Source: McKinsey Global Institute "Making these data public will allow people to make their own assessments of the progress of our Good Growth Plan. It is also blurring the traditional roles of business, government and NGOs by highlighting our collective responsibility to address acute global challenges. Above all, the data will be of value to farmers, enabling them to increase productivity sustainably and to enhance their livelihoods." "Open data has the power to solve our most challenging sustainability problems. … Agri- tech businesses have a big role to play in finding novel solutions to these problems. … Syngenta is taking a step that puts them at the forefront of the open data movement in their sector. We look forward to working with them to unlock benefits for farmers and consumers worldwide." Mike Mack, CEO of Syngenta (2015, for 1st GGP data release) Jeni Tennison, Deputy CEO and CTO of the Open Data Institute Open Data
  7. 7. http://www.godan.info GODAN advocates that important datasets in agriculture and nutrition should be considered global public goods and made be available to everyone
  8. 8. What is GODAN • Advocacy • Think Tank • Knowledge Network
  9. 9. 322 partners 30. July 8 Donors in the GODAN steering group
  10. 10. Issue Developing country farmer Developed country farmer Scale-appropriate mechanization Low or none High, precision ag Inputs: seed, water, fertilizer (quality, timeliness, access) Unreliable Reliable Labour (availability, cost, skill) Increasingly poor N/A Outputs: yield/profit, markets (amount, access) High variability, poor unit production Low variability, high unit production Impact of changing climate High Low-moderate Potential to adapt/agility Low High Infrastructure, credit, insurance… Poor High Key challenges of farmers in developing countries
  11. 11. Issue Developing country farmer Developed country farmer Scale-appropriate mechanization Low or none High, precision ag Inputs: seed, water, fertilizer (quality, timeliness, access) Unreliable Reliable Labour (availability, cost, skill) Increasingly poor N/A Outputs: yield/profit, markets (amount, access) High variability, poor unit production Low variability, high unit production Impact of changing climate High Low-moderate Potential to adapt/agility Low High Infrastructure, credit, insurance… Poor High http://guides.library.queensu.ca/infoneeds Key challenges of farmers in developing countries
  12. 12. WHAT IS OPEN DATA?
  13. 13. THE FAIR PRINCIPLE resources need to be Findable Accessible Interoperable Reusable = FAIR FAIR principle by Barend Mons, EC, EOSC
  14. 14. Bottom Line on Open Data • Be accessible and curated • Be available in a machine- readable format • Have a licence that permits to access, use and share it
  15. 15. CHALLENGES
  16. 16. Arguments Against • “Open data are good only for the big players” • “Open data will create more data monopolies” • “Research data are only in a specific context meaningful”
  17. 17. Different Players, Different Roles • Management myopia • Research culture/incentives • Awareness/use of standards • Relevant workflows/tools/skills • Hosting infrastructure • Who pays? • What merits making open? • Data governance/sovereignty • Legal/commercial limitations • Personal privacy • “Do no harm” principle  Champion open data principles  Establish, monitor & enforce policies  Respect and address legitimate concerns  Invest in improved standards, methods, and tools  Fund implementation through program / project budgets  Build awareness & capacities  Build evidence of impact Courtesy Stanley Wood , BMFG
  18. 18. GODAN addresses these Issues through working groups • i.e. data rights and responsibilities • i.e. data infrastructure • i.e. better technical, semantic and legal interoperability • i.e data gaps in nutrition
  19. 19. Big Data
  20. 20. Internet usage: 40% of global population – 2.26 billion Developing countries: from 0-30% in 16 years On linear trend, 100% in just 22 years. Goal of UN to have 50% by 2015. Achieved 34% Philippines ranked above US in 2015 A game changer?
  21. 21. Big Data Everywhere • Starting with Astrophysics • Follows molecular genetics • Observational data and sensors • Social Data • Consumer data to follow • ……….
  22. 22. OPEN DATA IN SCIENCE Specific issues:
  23. 23. If networked science is to reach its potential, scientists will have to embrace and reward the open sharing of all forms of scientific knowledge, not just traditional journal publication. Networked science must be open science.’ Michael Nielsen (OKI)
  24. 24. Specific Issues with Research Data • Data gets lost • Incentives, Responsibilities, Rights • What aggregation level be public? • Data is not equipped with metadata • Data is not published in a machine- readable format • Data comes always more from the field
  25. 25. a personal data anecdote 3 These are the data from my Phd thesis, I started to look for them
  26. 26. Google Search 31 https://www.google.de/search?q=johannes+Keizer++Dissertatio n+Toxizitaet+und+Biotransformation+- +Unterschiede+in+der&aq=f&oq=johannes+Keizer++Dissertati on+Toxizitaet+und+Biotransformation+- +Unterschiede+in+der&aqs=chrome.0.57.60915j0&sourceid=c hrome&ie=UTF-8 http://agris.fao.org/agris- search/search/display.do?f=2012%2FOV%2FOV20120028000 28.xml%3BDE19940007889
  27. 27. Data Issues http://www.nature.com/ng/journal/v43/n4/full/ng0411-281.html
  28. 28. OPEN DATA PUBLISHING New Developments
  29. 29. https://zenodo.org/record/8307/files/ODE-ReportOnIntegrationOfDataAndPublications-1_1.pdf
  30. 30. Modified from: http://www.lancaster.ac.uk/library/rdm/plan/data-lifecycle/ Publication Standard metadata Interoperable, accessible systems Data integration – where does it begin?
  31. 31. 纳米出版物 Nanopublication 2018/2/24 开放农业数据发展与利用研 讨暨培训会 http://nanopub.org/wordpress/?page_id=65 Concept Web Alliance
  32. 32. What is a data journal? • Same as a ‘regular’ journal, where you publish your articles • Data is submitted with 4 page explanation of what it is. • Reviewed and ultimately published with citation and doi. • Data articles can be cited, once published, adding to your publication record (and scientific indexes) • Data is fully open access, with copyright on the author
  33. 33. 2015-02-25 3 Open Data Journal for Agricultural Research • www.odjar.org • 8 submissions, 2 published, 1 accepted, 5 in review • More submissions coming up! • Costs: 30keuro, for authors, it is automatic
  34. 34. OPEN DATA APPLICATIONS Evidence:
  35. 35. ..on the GODAN website https://www.mfarm.co.ke/ https://esoko.com/about-us/our-story/ http://vam.wfp.org/ http://foodtrade.com/ https://www.votomobile.org https://rfcx.org/ http://agrinfo.co.tz/ http://www.icow.co.ke/ http://agris.fao.org/ http://www.amis-outlook.org/
  36. 36. http://agris.fao.org
  37. 37. Courtesy: Fabrizio Celli
  38. 38. AGRIS RDF RECORD AGROVOC
  39. 39. OPEN DATA IN GENETICS Evidence:
  40. 40. Digital recombination
  41. 41. Pigs edited to protect them against African Swine Fever- Roslin Edinburgh
  42. 42. INDUSTRY Example
  43. 43. How Syngenta published The Good Growth Plan progress data  Data downloadable as *.csv files  Use of Creative Commons licenses  ODI certificates  Provision of ontology-based metadata  Other background information www.syngenta.com/progressdata
  44. 44. We want more Chinese Partners
  45. 45. WHAT IS IN FOR YOU? GODAN Partnership
  46. 46. We need your help! We have to be thousands to make enough pressure on opening data!
  47. 47. Knowledge Exchange! ● Participate to discuss and resolve open questions ● Learn from successes (and failures of others) ● Bring your issues to the broader community ● Become a GODAN champion and influence the community ● Use the GODAN context to find new Grants for open data
  48. 48. http://aims.fao.org
  49. 49. New funding possibilities GODAN action (~2 M BP) The activities of GODAN Action will focus on three focal areas: 1) Standards - Enhancing data standards and promoting best practice in agriculture and nutrition to improve interoperability. 2) Research - Identifying and improving tools and methods for evaluation of the impact of open data usage in initiatives and investments in agriculture and nutrition. 3) Capacity - Building the capacity and diversity of open data users, leading to more effective use of data in tackling key agriculture and nutrition challenges. ●
  50. 50. Join GODAN! ● Sign up means you agree to our principles in our Statement of Purpose http://www.godan.info/about/statement-of- purpose/ ● Easy to complete forms online http://www.godan.info/partners/become-a-godan- partner/ ● Talk to us about how you can get involved in our events, publications and working groups
  51. 51. GODAN Summit • New York, September 2016 • Participate in the GODAN Summit Challenge: http://www.godan.info/godan-summit-2016
  52. 52. www.godan.info

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