SlideShare a Scribd company logo

L4 Bio mass

Introduction to Biomass

1 of 43
ENGINEERING SCIENCE &
ENERGY SUSTAINABILITY
        Lecture 4 - BioMass


    Keith Vaugh BEng (AERO) MEng
L4 Bio mass
BioMass
The oldest fuel used
    by mankind
L4 Bio mass
Definition of BioMass
•   Encompasses a variety of fuels and technologies used to
    produce renewable energy

•   Refers to:

    •   land and water-based vegetation

    •   organic wastes

    •   photosynthetic organisms

•   These are non-fossil, renewable carbon resources from
    which energy can be produced and used as fossil fuel
    substitutes
L4 Bio mass
Examples and uses
•   Wood, grasses, crops, agricultural and municipal
    wastes

•   Can be burned to produce heat

•   Used to create steam to turn turbines -
    electricity generation

•   Liquid biofuels can also be derived from biomass
    crops
L4 Bio mass
Energy from biomass and waste is often
referred to as bioenergy. When plant
material is burned for energy purposes
carbon dioxide is released. However,
because plants absorb carbon dioxide
during their life cycle, the net emissions of
carbon dioxide are zero. In this way, wood
is said to be carbon neutral.
L4 Bio mass
PHOTOSYNTHESIS
L4 Bio mass
L4 Bio mass
L4 Bio mass
L4 Bio mass
L4 Bio mass
Benefits of BioMass

•   Net reduction in CO2 emissions.

•   Indigenous resource - can reduce dependence on fuel
    imports

•   Secure energy supply

•   Employment - Fuel cultivation, Engineering consultants,
    environmental services, construction, legal/financing,
    manufacturing, maintenance etc...
L4 Bio mass
- Manufacturing - while there are some manufacturing companies in Ireland e.g. pellet equipmen
    there is significant potential for establishment of manufacturers of the various components of
    biofuel systems.
  - Maintenance, servicing and administration

           350000
                         2005
           300000
                         2010
           250000
                         2020
           200000
           150000

           100000
            50000

                  0




                                                                                    s
                                    c



                                              n




                                                                                                           te
                                                                                               es
                                                           n



                                                                        s
                        re




                                                                                  op
                                     i


                                              io




                                                                          l
                                                         io
                                  ob




                                                                                                         as
                                                                       ue
                      ho




                                                                                             du
                                            st



                                                      at




                                                                                cr
                               er




                                                                                                       lw
                                                                    of
                                          bu
                 ns




                                                                                          si
                                                    fic




                                                                              gy
                                a




                                                                bi




                                                                                          re



                                                                                                     ra
                                         om
                             an
               -o




                                                      i
                                                   as




                                                                           er
                                                               id




                                                                                                     tu
                                                                                        st
                                               -g
                                     -c




                                                                         En
                         o




                                                          qu
              d




                                                                                                  ul
                                                                                     re
                        Bi
            in




                                                                                               ric
                                                          Li




                                                                                   Fo
                                    o



                                              o
          W




                                    Bi



                                              Bi




                                                                                             Ag
              Projected employment in the EU for biomass technologies. Wind is included for comparison.
                          Source: EU Altener Report: Impact of RES on Employment, 2000.


ironmental gains
   - biomass is sustainable and does not deplete future resources.
   - energy forestry crops have a much greater diversity of wildlife
L4 Bio mass
BioMass feed stocks
•Energy Crops
•Organic residues
L4 Bio mass
Energy Crops
•   Short Rotation Forestry (SRF) - Production of wood fuel
    through the cultivation of high-yielding trees at close spacing
    on short time rotations

    •   Willow

    •   Poplar

    •   Hemp

    •   Miscanthus
L4 Bio mass
Energy Crops
•   Liquid BioFuels - grown for production of liquid transport
    fuels.

•   Different production techniques

    •   Biodiesel - derived from oil crops i.e. oilseed & camelina

    •   Bioethanol - wheat, sugarbeet, sweet sorghum and woody
        crops

    •   Biomethanol - Biomasses sources i.e. grasses, SRF, crop
        residues, municipal solid waste

•   Liquid BioFuels can be incorporated as blends with petrol/
    diesel fuels or as a replacement for same
L4 Bio mass
Organic Residues
•   Forest residues - tree tops, branches etc...

•   Wood wastes or by-products from wood processing

•   Agricultural residues - animal slurry and manure, chicken
    litter, spent mushroom compost and straw (disposal of these
    pose environmental problems)

•   Municipal solid waste - food processing waste, sewage sludge

•   Waste vegetable oil - catering industry

•   Tallow - animal fat of variable quality
L4 Bio mass
Conversion of BioMass to energy


  •   Direct combustion - some processing of biomass may be
      carried out prior to combustion e.g. sorting, chipping,
      pelleting or drying

  •   Thermochemical processes - BioMass is upgraded to a liquid
      or gas by pyrolysis and gasification

  •   Decomposition of solid bioMass to liquid or gaseous fuels by
      process such as anaerobic digestion and fermentation
L4 Bio mass
UK
     Sweden
       Spain
     Portugal
  Netherlands
         Italy
      Ireland
    Germany
      France
      Finland
    Denmark
     Belgium
      Austria

                 0     50         100        150         200        250       300

                                             PJ/a

         Use of Biomass in European Countries. Source: AFB-net Report, 2001




SUSTAINABLE ENERGY IRELAND
RENEWABLE ENERGY INFORMATION OFFICE
L4 Bio mass
climate in Europe. Our potential annual yield of wood is almost three times that of Finland, where the energy
use from biomass is 18%! We need to realise this potential and develop our natural biomass resources.




                                           5.3               3.8
                                                  4.3
                 10.0                    6.2
                            8.7 6.2
                                          6.1          5.8
                                   7.2
                                                 6.1
                             6.8                6.2
                                         7.1                 4.8
                  3.9                                          5.2
                                                         5.3              6.4




                    Ireland has the highest potential annual yield of wood in Europe (figures are based on
                   Paterson’s Climatic Index m3/ha). Source: Forest Resources in Europe 1950-1990, 1994.

                                                 Forestry in Ireland
L4 Bio mass
The potential to develop our use of biomass
for energy cannot go unrecognized. Ireland
has the best growth climate in Europe. Our
potential annual yield of wood is almost
three times that of Finland, where the energy
use from biomass is 18%!!!!!!
L4 Bio mass
Barriers to BioMass
•   Lack of experience and familiarity with BioMass technologies

•   Attitude of the electricity, heat and fuel supply industries -
    changing

•   Initial capital costs - taxes on renewable energy systems
    (however greener homes grants now available), lack of grants
    (changing)

•   Uncertainty as to the availability of BioMass resources -
    Framing

•   Need for an integrated BioMass policy

•   Lack of information, education and training
L4 Bio mass
L4 Bio mass
L4 Bio mass
What is Biomass?
                                                            Biomass is the oldest fuel used by mankind. Wood has been used as a
                                                            fuel for cooking and heating for over 500,000 years, but has suffered a
                                                            decline in the last century as the use of fossil fuels increased. However,
                                                            the environmentally harmful effects of burning fossil fuels coupled with
                                                            the need to secure indigenous renewable sources of energy has resulted
                                                            in a return to using natural and clean sources of energy such as
                                                            biomass.

                                                            Definition of Biomass
                                                            The term biomass encompasses a variety of fuels and technologies used
                                                            to produce renewable energy. Biomass refers to land and water-based
                                                            vegetation, organic wastes and photosynthetic organisms. These are
                                                            non-fossil, renewable carbon resources from which energy can be
                                                            produced and used as fossil fuel substitutes. Examples of biomass
                                                            include: wood, grasses, crops, agricultural and municipal wastes.
                                                            Biomass can be burned to produce heat that is used to create steam to
                                                            turn turbines to produce electricity. Therefore, energy from biomass can
                                                            produce electricity and/or heat. Liquid biofuels can also be derived from

The majority of todays lecture has been                     biomass crops such as oilseed rape.

                                                            Energy from biomass and waste is often referred to as bioenergy. When
sourced from Sustainable Energy                             plant material is burned for energy purposes carbon dioxide is released.
                                                            However, because plants absorb carbon dioxide during their life cycle,
                                                            the net emissions of carbon dioxide are zero. In this way, wood is said
Ireland’s BioMass fact sheet available                      to be carbon neutral.


from:

Sustainable Energy Ireland
                                                                                        Atmospheric CO2, water
                                                                                             and sunlight




Shinagh House                                                    Carbon released back
                                                                  into the atmosphere
                                                                                                            Converted into new plant material
                                                                                                                through photosynthesis

Bandon, Co. Cork,
and available to download at:
                                                                                     Which is harvested and burnt


or downloadable from:
                                                                       Source: British BioGen, the UK Trade Association for Bioenergy.


                                          SUSTAINABLE ENERGY IRELAND
http://www.sei.ie/Renewables/Bioenergy/   RENEWABLE ENERGY INFORMATION OFFICE
                                          Hotline: 023 42193 Website: http://www.sei.ie/reio.htm                                         1

Recommended

UNICAMP-UFMG at MediaEval 2012: Genre Tagging Task
UNICAMP-UFMG at MediaEval 2012: Genre Tagging TaskUNICAMP-UFMG at MediaEval 2012: Genre Tagging Task
UNICAMP-UFMG at MediaEval 2012: Genre Tagging TaskMediaEval2012
 
Infographic E-commerce in Italy 2011
Infographic E-commerce in Italy 2011Infographic E-commerce in Italy 2011
Infographic E-commerce in Italy 2011Casaleggio Associati
 
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid Boston
2010 Honda  Insight Hybrid Boston2010 Honda  Insight Hybrid Boston
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid BostonAtamian Honda
 
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid San Fernando
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid San Fernando2010 Honda Insight Hybrid San Fernando
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid San FernandoMiller Honda
 
A Curious Course on Coroutines and Concurrency
A Curious Course on Coroutines and ConcurrencyA Curious Course on Coroutines and Concurrency
A Curious Course on Coroutines and ConcurrencyHiroshi Ono
 
Lobna eltoony.hypoglycemia and weight gain
Lobna eltoony.hypoglycemia and weight gainLobna eltoony.hypoglycemia and weight gain
Lobna eltoony.hypoglycemia and weight gainEmad Hamed
 

More Related Content

What's hot

KEC Green Games Catalog 3
KEC Green Games Catalog 3KEC Green Games Catalog 3
KEC Green Games Catalog 3KEC
 
Save Publishing
Save PublishingSave Publishing
Save PublishingPaul Ford
 
Learning To Achieve A3 Flip Chart
Learning To Achieve   A3 Flip ChartLearning To Achieve   A3 Flip Chart
Learning To Achieve A3 Flip ChartMalcolm Wilson
 
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid2010 Honda Insight Hybrid
2010 Honda Insight HybridBell Honda
 
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid Virginia Beach
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid Virginia Beach2010 Honda Insight Hybrid Virginia Beach
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid Virginia BeachCheckered Flag Honda
 
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid Los Angeles
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid Los Angeles2010 Honda Insight Hybrid Los Angeles
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid Los AngelesMiller Honda Van Nuys
 
Ws5.1.3 finished
Ws5.1.3 finishedWs5.1.3 finished
Ws5.1.3 finishedhumaira28
 
Run-off Water Harvesters and Agro-wells for Supplementary Irrigation of Rain-...
Run-off Water Harvesters and Agro-wells for Supplementary Irrigation of Rain-...Run-off Water Harvesters and Agro-wells for Supplementary Irrigation of Rain-...
Run-off Water Harvesters and Agro-wells for Supplementary Irrigation of Rain-...Hiran Amarasekera
 
Collec+Ive Master
Collec+Ive MasterCollec+Ive Master
Collec+Ive Masterproducer
 
Fringe eu procurement - sara piller
Fringe   eu procurement - sara pillerFringe   eu procurement - sara piller
Fringe eu procurement - sara pillerlgconf11
 
Understanding and preventing suicide september 2010
Understanding and preventing suicide september 2010Understanding and preventing suicide september 2010
Understanding and preventing suicide september 2010Carolyn Firestone
 

What's hot (20)

KEC Green Games Catalog 3
KEC Green Games Catalog 3KEC Green Games Catalog 3
KEC Green Games Catalog 3
 
Save Publishing
Save PublishingSave Publishing
Save Publishing
 
Learning To Achieve A3 Flip Chart
Learning To Achieve   A3 Flip ChartLearning To Achieve   A3 Flip Chart
Learning To Achieve A3 Flip Chart
 
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid2010 Honda Insight Hybrid
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid
 
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid Virginia Beach
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid Virginia Beach2010 Honda Insight Hybrid Virginia Beach
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid Virginia Beach
 
1
11
1
 
URBAN: Orientation
URBAN: OrientationURBAN: Orientation
URBAN: Orientation
 
Moodle 2.0 themes
Moodle 2.0 themesMoodle 2.0 themes
Moodle 2.0 themes
 
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid Los Angeles
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid Los Angeles2010 Honda Insight Hybrid Los Angeles
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid Los Angeles
 
Ws5.1.3 finished
Ws5.1.3 finishedWs5.1.3 finished
Ws5.1.3 finished
 
Ws5 1-3
Ws5 1-3Ws5 1-3
Ws5 1-3
 
Run-off Water Harvesters and Agro-wells for Supplementary Irrigation of Rain-...
Run-off Water Harvesters and Agro-wells for Supplementary Irrigation of Rain-...Run-off Water Harvesters and Agro-wells for Supplementary Irrigation of Rain-...
Run-off Water Harvesters and Agro-wells for Supplementary Irrigation of Rain-...
 
2010 Ram 2500 Buffalo
2010 Ram 2500 Buffalo2010 Ram 2500 Buffalo
2010 Ram 2500 Buffalo
 
2010 Ram 3500 Buffalo
2010 Ram 3500 Buffalo2010 Ram 3500 Buffalo
2010 Ram 3500 Buffalo
 
Collec+Ive Master
Collec+Ive MasterCollec+Ive Master
Collec+Ive Master
 
Heart Tarsia
Heart TarsiaHeart Tarsia
Heart Tarsia
 
Dvd Label
Dvd LabelDvd Label
Dvd Label
 
Fringe eu procurement - sara piller
Fringe   eu procurement - sara pillerFringe   eu procurement - sara piller
Fringe eu procurement - sara piller
 
Rebellion web
Rebellion webRebellion web
Rebellion web
 
Understanding and preventing suicide september 2010
Understanding and preventing suicide september 2010Understanding and preventing suicide september 2010
Understanding and preventing suicide september 2010
 

Viewers also liked

From (bio)mass to (bio)gas - or, how to best utilize urban slaughter waste
From (bio)mass to (bio)gas - or, how to best utilize urban slaughter wasteFrom (bio)mass to (bio)gas - or, how to best utilize urban slaughter waste
From (bio)mass to (bio)gas - or, how to best utilize urban slaughter wasteILRI
 
Alternative of energy
Alternative of energyAlternative of energy
Alternative of energyshreyavaidya
 
ENVIRONMENT SUSTAINABILITY AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
ENVIRONMENT SUSTAINABILITY AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENTENVIRONMENT SUSTAINABILITY AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
ENVIRONMENT SUSTAINABILITY AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENTIAMSRKHONEY
 
Biological solutions in a chemical world, Green Polymer Chemistry 2012
Biological solutions in a chemical world, Green Polymer Chemistry 2012Biological solutions in a chemical world, Green Polymer Chemistry 2012
Biological solutions in a chemical world, Green Polymer Chemistry 2012Thomas Schäfer
 
Politics, environment, and sustainability
Politics, environment, and sustainabilityPolitics, environment, and sustainability
Politics, environment, and sustainabilityIqbal Novramadani
 
Bio mass- An Efficient Future Non Conventional Source of Energy
Bio mass- An Efficient Future Non Conventional Source of EnergyBio mass- An Efficient Future Non Conventional Source of Energy
Bio mass- An Efficient Future Non Conventional Source of Energykranthi pavan peddireddy
 
Role of energy in sustainable development goals
Role of energy in sustainable development goalsRole of energy in sustainable development goals
Role of energy in sustainable development goalsEenovators Limited
 
Engineering fatty acid biosynthesis
Engineering fatty acid biosynthesisEngineering fatty acid biosynthesis
Engineering fatty acid biosynthesisSenthil Natesan
 
Sustainability environment
Sustainability environmentSustainability environment
Sustainability environmentNurma Suri
 
Mass production of bio pesticides and bio agents.
Mass production of bio pesticides and bio agents. Mass production of bio pesticides and bio agents.
Mass production of bio pesticides and bio agents. balram2424
 
Cement Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, ...
Cement Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, ...Cement Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, ...
Cement Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, ...Ajjay Kumar Gupta
 
Energy conservation in industry
Energy conservation in industryEnergy conservation in industry
Energy conservation in industrySameer Kumar Rout
 
Li-Fi technology
Li-Fi technologyLi-Fi technology
Li-Fi technologyStudent
 
Renewable & Nonrenewable Resources
Renewable & Nonrenewable ResourcesRenewable & Nonrenewable Resources
Renewable & Nonrenewable ResourcesPaula Burrough
 
Sustainable energy ppt
Sustainable energy pptSustainable energy ppt
Sustainable energy pptsmriti_varsha
 

Viewers also liked (20)

Bio mass
Bio massBio mass
Bio mass
 
From (bio)mass to (bio)gas - or, how to best utilize urban slaughter waste
From (bio)mass to (bio)gas - or, how to best utilize urban slaughter wasteFrom (bio)mass to (bio)gas - or, how to best utilize urban slaughter waste
From (bio)mass to (bio)gas - or, how to best utilize urban slaughter waste
 
Alternative of energy
Alternative of energyAlternative of energy
Alternative of energy
 
Josh Adams's Presentation on Bio-based Products
Josh Adams's Presentation on Bio-based ProductsJosh Adams's Presentation on Bio-based Products
Josh Adams's Presentation on Bio-based Products
 
ENVIRONMENT SUSTAINABILITY AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
ENVIRONMENT SUSTAINABILITY AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENTENVIRONMENT SUSTAINABILITY AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
ENVIRONMENT SUSTAINABILITY AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
 
Biological solutions in a chemical world, Green Polymer Chemistry 2012
Biological solutions in a chemical world, Green Polymer Chemistry 2012Biological solutions in a chemical world, Green Polymer Chemistry 2012
Biological solutions in a chemical world, Green Polymer Chemistry 2012
 
Bio mass energy
Bio mass energyBio mass energy
Bio mass energy
 
Politics, environment, and sustainability
Politics, environment, and sustainabilityPolitics, environment, and sustainability
Politics, environment, and sustainability
 
Sustainable Energy
Sustainable EnergySustainable Energy
Sustainable Energy
 
Bio mass- An Efficient Future Non Conventional Source of Energy
Bio mass- An Efficient Future Non Conventional Source of EnergyBio mass- An Efficient Future Non Conventional Source of Energy
Bio mass- An Efficient Future Non Conventional Source of Energy
 
Role of energy in sustainable development goals
Role of energy in sustainable development goalsRole of energy in sustainable development goals
Role of energy in sustainable development goals
 
Engineering fatty acid biosynthesis
Engineering fatty acid biosynthesisEngineering fatty acid biosynthesis
Engineering fatty acid biosynthesis
 
Sustainability environment
Sustainability environmentSustainability environment
Sustainability environment
 
Mass production of bio pesticides and bio agents.
Mass production of bio pesticides and bio agents. Mass production of bio pesticides and bio agents.
Mass production of bio pesticides and bio agents.
 
Cement Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, ...
Cement Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, ...Cement Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, ...
Cement Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, ...
 
Energy conservation in industry
Energy conservation in industryEnergy conservation in industry
Energy conservation in industry
 
Bio mass Energy
Bio mass EnergyBio mass Energy
Bio mass Energy
 
Li-Fi technology
Li-Fi technologyLi-Fi technology
Li-Fi technology
 
Renewable & Nonrenewable Resources
Renewable & Nonrenewable ResourcesRenewable & Nonrenewable Resources
Renewable & Nonrenewable Resources
 
Sustainable energy ppt
Sustainable energy pptSustainable energy ppt
Sustainable energy ppt
 

Similar to L4 Bio mass

ncr annual reports 2002
ncr annual reports 2002ncr annual reports 2002
ncr annual reports 2002finance46
 
ePortfolios: Documenting Life Long Learning of Professionals to Reflect Pract...
ePortfolios: Documenting Life Long Learning of Professionals to Reflect Pract...ePortfolios: Documenting Life Long Learning of Professionals to Reflect Pract...
ePortfolios: Documenting Life Long Learning of Professionals to Reflect Pract...Plan de Calidad para el SNS
 
Personas 2 0 (World Usability Day 2007)
Personas 2 0 (World Usability Day 2007)Personas 2 0 (World Usability Day 2007)
Personas 2 0 (World Usability Day 2007)Raphael De Robiano
 
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid Jackson
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid Jackson2010 Honda Insight Hybrid Jackson
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid JacksonPaul Moak Honda
 
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid Los Angeles
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid Los Angeles2010 Honda Insight Hybrid Los Angeles
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid Los AngelesMiller Honda
 
Addressing cardiovascular disease at EU level: tangible plans for the future
Addressing cardiovascular disease at EU level: tangible plans for the futureAddressing cardiovascular disease at EU level: tangible plans for the future
Addressing cardiovascular disease at EU level: tangible plans for the futurePlan de Calidad para el SNS
 
"Ukraine and Global Sourcing", The Ambassador of Ukraine to the Kingdom of No...
"Ukraine and Global Sourcing", The Ambassador of Ukraine to the Kingdom of No..."Ukraine and Global Sourcing", The Ambassador of Ukraine to the Kingdom of No...
"Ukraine and Global Sourcing", The Ambassador of Ukraine to the Kingdom of No...IKT-Norge
 
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid San Leandro
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid San Leandro2010 Honda Insight Hybrid San Leandro
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid San LeandroSan Leandro Honda
 
iPhy tools for collation and analysis of phylogenomic data. M Blaxter
iPhy tools for collation and analysis of phylogenomic data. M BlaxteriPhy tools for collation and analysis of phylogenomic data. M Blaxter
iPhy tools for collation and analysis of phylogenomic data. M BlaxterRoderic Page
 
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid Omaha Nebraska
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid Omaha Nebraska2010 Honda Insight Hybrid Omaha Nebraska
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid Omaha NebraskaHonda Cars of Bellevue
 
2010 insight-hybrid-brochure
2010 insight-hybrid-brochure2010 insight-hybrid-brochure
2010 insight-hybrid-brochureBurbank Honda
 
2010 insight-hybrid-brochure-honda-dallas-tx
2010 insight-hybrid-brochure-honda-dallas-tx2010 insight-hybrid-brochure-honda-dallas-tx
2010 insight-hybrid-brochure-honda-dallas-txJohn Eagle Honda Dallas
 
2010 Insight Hybrid Brochure-Richards Honda Baton Rouge
2010 Insight Hybrid Brochure-Richards Honda Baton Rouge2010 Insight Hybrid Brochure-Richards Honda Baton Rouge
2010 Insight Hybrid Brochure-Richards Honda Baton RougeRichards Honda
 
2010 insight-hybrid-brochure-honda-katy-houston-tx
2010 insight-hybrid-brochure-honda-katy-houston-tx2010 insight-hybrid-brochure-honda-katy-houston-tx
2010 insight-hybrid-brochure-honda-katy-houston-txHonda Cars of Katy
 
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid Sedan Brochure | DCH Honda of Temecula
 2010 Honda Insight Hybrid Sedan Brochure | DCH Honda of Temecula 2010 Honda Insight Hybrid Sedan Brochure | DCH Honda of Temecula
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid Sedan Brochure | DCH Honda of TemeculaDCH Honda of Temecula
 
2010 insight-hybrid-brochure-honda-panama-city-florida
2010 insight-hybrid-brochure-honda-panama-city-florida2010 insight-hybrid-brochure-honda-panama-city-florida
2010 insight-hybrid-brochure-honda-panama-city-floridaHonda of Panama City
 
Unexpected insights from our summon usability study
Unexpected insights from our summon usability studyUnexpected insights from our summon usability study
Unexpected insights from our summon usability studyJoy Gambill
 
Bureau Veritas O&G Services 2011
Bureau Veritas O&G Services 2011Bureau Veritas O&G Services 2011
Bureau Veritas O&G Services 2011horenhop
 

Similar to L4 Bio mass (20)

ncr annual reports 2002
ncr annual reports 2002ncr annual reports 2002
ncr annual reports 2002
 
ePortfolios: Documenting Life Long Learning of Professionals to Reflect Pract...
ePortfolios: Documenting Life Long Learning of Professionals to Reflect Pract...ePortfolios: Documenting Life Long Learning of Professionals to Reflect Pract...
ePortfolios: Documenting Life Long Learning of Professionals to Reflect Pract...
 
Personas 2 0 (World Usability Day 2007)
Personas 2 0 (World Usability Day 2007)Personas 2 0 (World Usability Day 2007)
Personas 2 0 (World Usability Day 2007)
 
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid Jackson
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid Jackson2010 Honda Insight Hybrid Jackson
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid Jackson
 
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid Los Angeles
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid Los Angeles2010 Honda Insight Hybrid Los Angeles
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid Los Angeles
 
Addressing cardiovascular disease at EU level: tangible plans for the future
Addressing cardiovascular disease at EU level: tangible plans for the futureAddressing cardiovascular disease at EU level: tangible plans for the future
Addressing cardiovascular disease at EU level: tangible plans for the future
 
Standard Bank Print work
Standard Bank Print workStandard Bank Print work
Standard Bank Print work
 
"Ukraine and Global Sourcing", The Ambassador of Ukraine to the Kingdom of No...
"Ukraine and Global Sourcing", The Ambassador of Ukraine to the Kingdom of No..."Ukraine and Global Sourcing", The Ambassador of Ukraine to the Kingdom of No...
"Ukraine and Global Sourcing", The Ambassador of Ukraine to the Kingdom of No...
 
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid San Leandro
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid San Leandro2010 Honda Insight Hybrid San Leandro
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid San Leandro
 
iPhy tools for collation and analysis of phylogenomic data. M Blaxter
iPhy tools for collation and analysis of phylogenomic data. M BlaxteriPhy tools for collation and analysis of phylogenomic data. M Blaxter
iPhy tools for collation and analysis of phylogenomic data. M Blaxter
 
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid Omaha Nebraska
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid Omaha Nebraska2010 Honda Insight Hybrid Omaha Nebraska
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid Omaha Nebraska
 
2010 insight-hybrid-brochure
2010 insight-hybrid-brochure2010 insight-hybrid-brochure
2010 insight-hybrid-brochure
 
2010 insight-hybrid-brochure-honda-dallas-tx
2010 insight-hybrid-brochure-honda-dallas-tx2010 insight-hybrid-brochure-honda-dallas-tx
2010 insight-hybrid-brochure-honda-dallas-tx
 
Austin Honda Insight Brochure 2010
Austin Honda Insight Brochure 2010Austin Honda Insight Brochure 2010
Austin Honda Insight Brochure 2010
 
2010 Insight Hybrid Brochure-Richards Honda Baton Rouge
2010 Insight Hybrid Brochure-Richards Honda Baton Rouge2010 Insight Hybrid Brochure-Richards Honda Baton Rouge
2010 Insight Hybrid Brochure-Richards Honda Baton Rouge
 
2010 insight-hybrid-brochure-honda-katy-houston-tx
2010 insight-hybrid-brochure-honda-katy-houston-tx2010 insight-hybrid-brochure-honda-katy-houston-tx
2010 insight-hybrid-brochure-honda-katy-houston-tx
 
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid Sedan Brochure | DCH Honda of Temecula
 2010 Honda Insight Hybrid Sedan Brochure | DCH Honda of Temecula 2010 Honda Insight Hybrid Sedan Brochure | DCH Honda of Temecula
2010 Honda Insight Hybrid Sedan Brochure | DCH Honda of Temecula
 
2010 insight-hybrid-brochure-honda-panama-city-florida
2010 insight-hybrid-brochure-honda-panama-city-florida2010 insight-hybrid-brochure-honda-panama-city-florida
2010 insight-hybrid-brochure-honda-panama-city-florida
 
Unexpected insights from our summon usability study
Unexpected insights from our summon usability studyUnexpected insights from our summon usability study
Unexpected insights from our summon usability study
 
Bureau Veritas O&G Services 2011
Bureau Veritas O&G Services 2011Bureau Veritas O&G Services 2011
Bureau Veritas O&G Services 2011
 

More from Keith Vaugh

Renewable Energy Thermodynamics Lecture Slides
Renewable Energy Thermodynamics Lecture SlidesRenewable Energy Thermodynamics Lecture Slides
Renewable Energy Thermodynamics Lecture SlidesKeith Vaugh
 
T3c - MASTER - Pump test flow system and data shown Problem 2023.pptx
T3c - MASTER - Pump test flow system and data shown Problem  2023.pptxT3c - MASTER - Pump test flow system and data shown Problem  2023.pptx
T3c - MASTER - Pump test flow system and data shown Problem 2023.pptxKeith Vaugh
 
T3b - MASTER - Pump flow system - operating point 2023.pptx
T3b - MASTER - Pump flow system - operating point 2023.pptxT3b - MASTER - Pump flow system - operating point 2023.pptx
T3b - MASTER - Pump flow system - operating point 2023.pptxKeith Vaugh
 
T3a - Finding the operating point of a pumping system 2023.pptx
T3a - Finding the operating point of a pumping system 2023.pptxT3a - Finding the operating point of a pumping system 2023.pptx
T3a - Finding the operating point of a pumping system 2023.pptxKeith Vaugh
 
T2c - Centrifugal Pumps, turbines and Impeller calculations 2023.pptx
T2c - Centrifugal Pumps, turbines and Impeller calculations 2023.pptxT2c - Centrifugal Pumps, turbines and Impeller calculations 2023.pptx
T2c - Centrifugal Pumps, turbines and Impeller calculations 2023.pptxKeith Vaugh
 
T2b - Momentum of Fluids 2023.pptx
T2b - Momentum of Fluids 2023.pptxT2b - Momentum of Fluids 2023.pptx
T2b - Momentum of Fluids 2023.pptxKeith Vaugh
 
T2a - Fluid Discharge 2023.pptx
T2a - Fluid Discharge 2023.pptxT2a - Fluid Discharge 2023.pptx
T2a - Fluid Discharge 2023.pptxKeith Vaugh
 
T1 - Essential Fluids - 2023.pptx
T1 - Essential Fluids - 2023.pptxT1 - Essential Fluids - 2023.pptx
T1 - Essential Fluids - 2023.pptxKeith Vaugh
 
L7 - SecondLawThermo 2023.pptx
L7 - SecondLawThermo 2023.pptxL7 - SecondLawThermo 2023.pptx
L7 - SecondLawThermo 2023.pptxKeith Vaugh
 
L6 - Mass&EnergyClosedVol 2023.pptx
L6 - Mass&EnergyClosedVol 2023.pptxL6 - Mass&EnergyClosedVol 2023.pptx
L6 - Mass&EnergyClosedVol 2023.pptxKeith Vaugh
 
L5 - EnergyAnalysisClosedSys 2023.pptx
L5 - EnergyAnalysisClosedSys 2023.pptxL5 - EnergyAnalysisClosedSys 2023.pptx
L5 - EnergyAnalysisClosedSys 2023.pptxKeith Vaugh
 
L4 - PropertiesPureSubstances 2023.pptx
L4 - PropertiesPureSubstances 2023.pptxL4 - PropertiesPureSubstances 2023.pptx
L4 - PropertiesPureSubstances 2023.pptxKeith Vaugh
 
L2 - Basic Concepts 2023 UD.pptx
L2 - Basic Concepts 2023 UD.pptxL2 - Basic Concepts 2023 UD.pptx
L2 - Basic Concepts 2023 UD.pptxKeith Vaugh
 
L1 - ES & Thermofluids 2023 Master SS.pptx
L1 - ES & Thermofluids 2023 Master SS.pptxL1 - ES & Thermofluids 2023 Master SS.pptx
L1 - ES & Thermofluids 2023 Master SS.pptxKeith Vaugh
 
L1 - Energy Systems and Thermofluids 2021-22
L1 - Energy Systems and Thermofluids 2021-22L1 - Energy Systems and Thermofluids 2021-22
L1 - Energy Systems and Thermofluids 2021-22Keith Vaugh
 
CAD & Analysis Introduction
CAD & Analysis IntroductionCAD & Analysis Introduction
CAD & Analysis IntroductionKeith Vaugh
 
Wind Energy Lecture slides
Wind Energy Lecture slidesWind Energy Lecture slides
Wind Energy Lecture slidesKeith Vaugh
 
Essential fluids
Essential fluids Essential fluids
Essential fluids Keith Vaugh
 

More from Keith Vaugh (20)

Renewable Energy Thermodynamics Lecture Slides
Renewable Energy Thermodynamics Lecture SlidesRenewable Energy Thermodynamics Lecture Slides
Renewable Energy Thermodynamics Lecture Slides
 
T3c - MASTER - Pump test flow system and data shown Problem 2023.pptx
T3c - MASTER - Pump test flow system and data shown Problem  2023.pptxT3c - MASTER - Pump test flow system and data shown Problem  2023.pptx
T3c - MASTER - Pump test flow system and data shown Problem 2023.pptx
 
T3b - MASTER - Pump flow system - operating point 2023.pptx
T3b - MASTER - Pump flow system - operating point 2023.pptxT3b - MASTER - Pump flow system - operating point 2023.pptx
T3b - MASTER - Pump flow system - operating point 2023.pptx
 
T3a - Finding the operating point of a pumping system 2023.pptx
T3a - Finding the operating point of a pumping system 2023.pptxT3a - Finding the operating point of a pumping system 2023.pptx
T3a - Finding the operating point of a pumping system 2023.pptx
 
T2c - Centrifugal Pumps, turbines and Impeller calculations 2023.pptx
T2c - Centrifugal Pumps, turbines and Impeller calculations 2023.pptxT2c - Centrifugal Pumps, turbines and Impeller calculations 2023.pptx
T2c - Centrifugal Pumps, turbines and Impeller calculations 2023.pptx
 
T2b - Momentum of Fluids 2023.pptx
T2b - Momentum of Fluids 2023.pptxT2b - Momentum of Fluids 2023.pptx
T2b - Momentum of Fluids 2023.pptx
 
T2a - Fluid Discharge 2023.pptx
T2a - Fluid Discharge 2023.pptxT2a - Fluid Discharge 2023.pptx
T2a - Fluid Discharge 2023.pptx
 
T1 - Essential Fluids - 2023.pptx
T1 - Essential Fluids - 2023.pptxT1 - Essential Fluids - 2023.pptx
T1 - Essential Fluids - 2023.pptx
 
L7 - SecondLawThermo 2023.pptx
L7 - SecondLawThermo 2023.pptxL7 - SecondLawThermo 2023.pptx
L7 - SecondLawThermo 2023.pptx
 
L6 - Mass&EnergyClosedVol 2023.pptx
L6 - Mass&EnergyClosedVol 2023.pptxL6 - Mass&EnergyClosedVol 2023.pptx
L6 - Mass&EnergyClosedVol 2023.pptx
 
L5 - EnergyAnalysisClosedSys 2023.pptx
L5 - EnergyAnalysisClosedSys 2023.pptxL5 - EnergyAnalysisClosedSys 2023.pptx
L5 - EnergyAnalysisClosedSys 2023.pptx
 
L4 - PropertiesPureSubstances 2023.pptx
L4 - PropertiesPureSubstances 2023.pptxL4 - PropertiesPureSubstances 2023.pptx
L4 - PropertiesPureSubstances 2023.pptx
 
L2 - Basic Concepts 2023 UD.pptx
L2 - Basic Concepts 2023 UD.pptxL2 - Basic Concepts 2023 UD.pptx
L2 - Basic Concepts 2023 UD.pptx
 
L1 - ES & Thermofluids 2023 Master SS.pptx
L1 - ES & Thermofluids 2023 Master SS.pptxL1 - ES & Thermofluids 2023 Master SS.pptx
L1 - ES & Thermofluids 2023 Master SS.pptx
 
L1 - Energy Systems and Thermofluids 2021-22
L1 - Energy Systems and Thermofluids 2021-22L1 - Energy Systems and Thermofluids 2021-22
L1 - Energy Systems and Thermofluids 2021-22
 
CAD & Analysis Introduction
CAD & Analysis IntroductionCAD & Analysis Introduction
CAD & Analysis Introduction
 
Wind Energy Lecture slides
Wind Energy Lecture slidesWind Energy Lecture slides
Wind Energy Lecture slides
 
Hydropower
HydropowerHydropower
Hydropower
 
Fluid discharge
Fluid dischargeFluid discharge
Fluid discharge
 
Essential fluids
Essential fluids Essential fluids
Essential fluids
 

Recently uploaded

Enhancing MRD Testing in Hematologic Malignancies: When Negativity is a Posit...
Enhancing MRD Testing in Hematologic Malignancies: When Negativity is a Posit...Enhancing MRD Testing in Hematologic Malignancies: When Negativity is a Posit...
Enhancing MRD Testing in Hematologic Malignancies: When Negativity is a Posit...i3 Health
 
Relational_Algebra_Calculus Operations.pdf
Relational_Algebra_Calculus Operations.pdfRelational_Algebra_Calculus Operations.pdf
Relational_Algebra_Calculus Operations.pdfChristalin Nelson
 
Genetics, Heredity, Variation, history, its roles, Scope, Importance, and Bra...
Genetics, Heredity, Variation, history, its roles, Scope, Importance, and Bra...Genetics, Heredity, Variation, history, its roles, Scope, Importance, and Bra...
Genetics, Heredity, Variation, history, its roles, Scope, Importance, and Bra...AKSHAYMAGAR17
 
Andreas Schleicher_ Strengthening Upper Secondary Education in Lithuania
Andreas Schleicher_ Strengthening Upper Secondary  Education in LithuaniaAndreas Schleicher_ Strengthening Upper Secondary  Education in Lithuania
Andreas Schleicher_ Strengthening Upper Secondary Education in LithuaniaEduSkills OECD
 
BIOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF WATER .Raveesh.pptx
BIOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF WATER .Raveesh.pptxBIOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF WATER .Raveesh.pptx
BIOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF WATER .Raveesh.pptxRAVEESHAD
 
Organic Synthesis and Estimation of Functional Groups
Organic Synthesis and Estimation of Functional GroupsOrganic Synthesis and Estimation of Functional Groups
Organic Synthesis and Estimation of Functional GroupsDr.M.Geethavani
 
Discussing the new Competence Framework for project managers in the built env...
Discussing the new Competence Framework for project managers in the built env...Discussing the new Competence Framework for project managers in the built env...
Discussing the new Competence Framework for project managers in the built env...Association for Project Management
 
SSC Hindu Religion and Moral Education MCQ Solutions 2024.pdf
SSC Hindu Religion and Moral Education MCQ Solutions 2024.pdfSSC Hindu Religion and Moral Education MCQ Solutions 2024.pdf
SSC Hindu Religion and Moral Education MCQ Solutions 2024.pdfMohonDas
 
Practical Research 1, Lesson 5: DESIGNING A RESEARCH PROJECT RELATED TO DAILY...
Practical Research 1, Lesson 5: DESIGNING A RESEARCH PROJECT RELATED TO DAILY...Practical Research 1, Lesson 5: DESIGNING A RESEARCH PROJECT RELATED TO DAILY...
Practical Research 1, Lesson 5: DESIGNING A RESEARCH PROJECT RELATED TO DAILY...Katherine Villaluna
 
Mycology Update February 2024 Microbes with Morgan
Mycology Update February 2024 Microbes with MorganMycology Update February 2024 Microbes with Morgan
Mycology Update February 2024 Microbes with MorganMargie Morgan
 
EmpTech Lesson 7 - Online Creation Tools, Platforms, and Applications for ICT...
EmpTech Lesson 7 - Online Creation Tools, Platforms, and Applications for ICT...EmpTech Lesson 7 - Online Creation Tools, Platforms, and Applications for ICT...
EmpTech Lesson 7 - Online Creation Tools, Platforms, and Applications for ICT...liera silvan
 
Data Modeling - Enhanced ER diagrams & Mapping.pdf
Data Modeling - Enhanced ER diagrams & Mapping.pdfData Modeling - Enhanced ER diagrams & Mapping.pdf
Data Modeling - Enhanced ER diagrams & Mapping.pdfChristalin Nelson
 
Understanding Canada's international higher education landscape (2024)
Understanding Canada's international higher education landscape (2024)Understanding Canada's international higher education landscape (2024)
Understanding Canada's international higher education landscape (2024)CaraSkikne1
 
2.27.24 Malcolm X and the Black Freedom Struggle.pptx
2.27.24 Malcolm X and the Black Freedom Struggle.pptx2.27.24 Malcolm X and the Black Freedom Struggle.pptx
2.27.24 Malcolm X and the Black Freedom Struggle.pptxMaryPotorti1
 
The basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptxdeputymitchell2
 
Database Security Methods, DAC, MAC,View
Database Security Methods, DAC, MAC,ViewDatabase Security Methods, DAC, MAC,View
Database Security Methods, DAC, MAC,ViewDr-Dipali Meher
 
Add Products From Catalog in Odoo 17 Sales
Add Products From Catalog in Odoo 17 SalesAdd Products From Catalog in Odoo 17 Sales
Add Products From Catalog in Odoo 17 SalesCeline George
 
CATCH UP FRIDAY LESSON PLAN GRADE 6.docx
CATCH UP FRIDAY LESSON PLAN GRADE 6.docxCATCH UP FRIDAY LESSON PLAN GRADE 6.docx
CATCH UP FRIDAY LESSON PLAN GRADE 6.docxAizaPolinarCruz
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Enhancing MRD Testing in Hematologic Malignancies: When Negativity is a Posit...
Enhancing MRD Testing in Hematologic Malignancies: When Negativity is a Posit...Enhancing MRD Testing in Hematologic Malignancies: When Negativity is a Posit...
Enhancing MRD Testing in Hematologic Malignancies: When Negativity is a Posit...
 
Relational_Algebra_Calculus Operations.pdf
Relational_Algebra_Calculus Operations.pdfRelational_Algebra_Calculus Operations.pdf
Relational_Algebra_Calculus Operations.pdf
 
CLUBE PERLINGUAS .
CLUBE PERLINGUAS                        .CLUBE PERLINGUAS                        .
CLUBE PERLINGUAS .
 
Genetics, Heredity, Variation, history, its roles, Scope, Importance, and Bra...
Genetics, Heredity, Variation, history, its roles, Scope, Importance, and Bra...Genetics, Heredity, Variation, history, its roles, Scope, Importance, and Bra...
Genetics, Heredity, Variation, history, its roles, Scope, Importance, and Bra...
 
Andreas Schleicher_ Strengthening Upper Secondary Education in Lithuania
Andreas Schleicher_ Strengthening Upper Secondary  Education in LithuaniaAndreas Schleicher_ Strengthening Upper Secondary  Education in Lithuania
Andreas Schleicher_ Strengthening Upper Secondary Education in Lithuania
 
BIOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF WATER .Raveesh.pptx
BIOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF WATER .Raveesh.pptxBIOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF WATER .Raveesh.pptx
BIOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF WATER .Raveesh.pptx
 
Organic Synthesis and Estimation of Functional Groups
Organic Synthesis and Estimation of Functional GroupsOrganic Synthesis and Estimation of Functional Groups
Organic Synthesis and Estimation of Functional Groups
 
Discussing the new Competence Framework for project managers in the built env...
Discussing the new Competence Framework for project managers in the built env...Discussing the new Competence Framework for project managers in the built env...
Discussing the new Competence Framework for project managers in the built env...
 
SSC Hindu Religion and Moral Education MCQ Solutions 2024.pdf
SSC Hindu Religion and Moral Education MCQ Solutions 2024.pdfSSC Hindu Religion and Moral Education MCQ Solutions 2024.pdf
SSC Hindu Religion and Moral Education MCQ Solutions 2024.pdf
 
Practical Research 1, Lesson 5: DESIGNING A RESEARCH PROJECT RELATED TO DAILY...
Practical Research 1, Lesson 5: DESIGNING A RESEARCH PROJECT RELATED TO DAILY...Practical Research 1, Lesson 5: DESIGNING A RESEARCH PROJECT RELATED TO DAILY...
Practical Research 1, Lesson 5: DESIGNING A RESEARCH PROJECT RELATED TO DAILY...
 
Mycology Update February 2024 Microbes with Morgan
Mycology Update February 2024 Microbes with MorganMycology Update February 2024 Microbes with Morgan
Mycology Update February 2024 Microbes with Morgan
 
EmpTech Lesson 7 - Online Creation Tools, Platforms, and Applications for ICT...
EmpTech Lesson 7 - Online Creation Tools, Platforms, and Applications for ICT...EmpTech Lesson 7 - Online Creation Tools, Platforms, and Applications for ICT...
EmpTech Lesson 7 - Online Creation Tools, Platforms, and Applications for ICT...
 
Data Modeling - Enhanced ER diagrams & Mapping.pdf
Data Modeling - Enhanced ER diagrams & Mapping.pdfData Modeling - Enhanced ER diagrams & Mapping.pdf
Data Modeling - Enhanced ER diagrams & Mapping.pdf
 
Understanding Canada's international higher education landscape (2024)
Understanding Canada's international higher education landscape (2024)Understanding Canada's international higher education landscape (2024)
Understanding Canada's international higher education landscape (2024)
 
2.27.24 Malcolm X and the Black Freedom Struggle.pptx
2.27.24 Malcolm X and the Black Freedom Struggle.pptx2.27.24 Malcolm X and the Black Freedom Struggle.pptx
2.27.24 Malcolm X and the Black Freedom Struggle.pptx
 
The basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptx
 
Advance Mobile Application Development class 04
Advance Mobile Application Development class 04Advance Mobile Application Development class 04
Advance Mobile Application Development class 04
 
Database Security Methods, DAC, MAC,View
Database Security Methods, DAC, MAC,ViewDatabase Security Methods, DAC, MAC,View
Database Security Methods, DAC, MAC,View
 
Add Products From Catalog in Odoo 17 Sales
Add Products From Catalog in Odoo 17 SalesAdd Products From Catalog in Odoo 17 Sales
Add Products From Catalog in Odoo 17 Sales
 
CATCH UP FRIDAY LESSON PLAN GRADE 6.docx
CATCH UP FRIDAY LESSON PLAN GRADE 6.docxCATCH UP FRIDAY LESSON PLAN GRADE 6.docx
CATCH UP FRIDAY LESSON PLAN GRADE 6.docx
 

L4 Bio mass

  • 1. ENGINEERING SCIENCE & ENERGY SUSTAINABILITY Lecture 4 - BioMass Keith Vaugh BEng (AERO) MEng
  • 4. The oldest fuel used by mankind
  • 6. Definition of BioMass • Encompasses a variety of fuels and technologies used to produce renewable energy • Refers to: • land and water-based vegetation • organic wastes • photosynthetic organisms • These are non-fossil, renewable carbon resources from which energy can be produced and used as fossil fuel substitutes
  • 8. Examples and uses • Wood, grasses, crops, agricultural and municipal wastes • Can be burned to produce heat • Used to create steam to turn turbines - electricity generation • Liquid biofuels can also be derived from biomass crops
  • 10. Energy from biomass and waste is often referred to as bioenergy. When plant material is burned for energy purposes carbon dioxide is released. However, because plants absorb carbon dioxide during their life cycle, the net emissions of carbon dioxide are zero. In this way, wood is said to be carbon neutral.
  • 18. Benefits of BioMass • Net reduction in CO2 emissions. • Indigenous resource - can reduce dependence on fuel imports • Secure energy supply • Employment - Fuel cultivation, Engineering consultants, environmental services, construction, legal/financing, manufacturing, maintenance etc...
  • 20. - Manufacturing - while there are some manufacturing companies in Ireland e.g. pellet equipmen there is significant potential for establishment of manufacturers of the various components of biofuel systems. - Maintenance, servicing and administration 350000 2005 300000 2010 250000 2020 200000 150000 100000 50000 0 s c n te es n s re op i io l io ob as ue ho du st at cr er lw of bu ns si fic gy a bi re ra om an -o i as er id tu st -g -c En o qu d ul re Bi in ric Li Fo o o W Bi Bi Ag Projected employment in the EU for biomass technologies. Wind is included for comparison. Source: EU Altener Report: Impact of RES on Employment, 2000. ironmental gains - biomass is sustainable and does not deplete future resources. - energy forestry crops have a much greater diversity of wildlife
  • 25. Energy Crops • Short Rotation Forestry (SRF) - Production of wood fuel through the cultivation of high-yielding trees at close spacing on short time rotations • Willow • Poplar • Hemp • Miscanthus
  • 27. Energy Crops • Liquid BioFuels - grown for production of liquid transport fuels. • Different production techniques • Biodiesel - derived from oil crops i.e. oilseed & camelina • Bioethanol - wheat, sugarbeet, sweet sorghum and woody crops • Biomethanol - Biomasses sources i.e. grasses, SRF, crop residues, municipal solid waste • Liquid BioFuels can be incorporated as blends with petrol/ diesel fuels or as a replacement for same
  • 29. Organic Residues • Forest residues - tree tops, branches etc... • Wood wastes or by-products from wood processing • Agricultural residues - animal slurry and manure, chicken litter, spent mushroom compost and straw (disposal of these pose environmental problems) • Municipal solid waste - food processing waste, sewage sludge • Waste vegetable oil - catering industry • Tallow - animal fat of variable quality
  • 31. Conversion of BioMass to energy • Direct combustion - some processing of biomass may be carried out prior to combustion e.g. sorting, chipping, pelleting or drying • Thermochemical processes - BioMass is upgraded to a liquid or gas by pyrolysis and gasification • Decomposition of solid bioMass to liquid or gaseous fuels by process such as anaerobic digestion and fermentation
  • 33. UK Sweden Spain Portugal Netherlands Italy Ireland Germany France Finland Denmark Belgium Austria 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 PJ/a Use of Biomass in European Countries. Source: AFB-net Report, 2001 SUSTAINABLE ENERGY IRELAND RENEWABLE ENERGY INFORMATION OFFICE
  • 35. climate in Europe. Our potential annual yield of wood is almost three times that of Finland, where the energy use from biomass is 18%! We need to realise this potential and develop our natural biomass resources. 5.3 3.8 4.3 10.0 6.2 8.7 6.2 6.1 5.8 7.2 6.1 6.8 6.2 7.1 4.8 3.9 5.2 5.3 6.4 Ireland has the highest potential annual yield of wood in Europe (figures are based on Paterson’s Climatic Index m3/ha). Source: Forest Resources in Europe 1950-1990, 1994. Forestry in Ireland
  • 37. The potential to develop our use of biomass for energy cannot go unrecognized. Ireland has the best growth climate in Europe. Our potential annual yield of wood is almost three times that of Finland, where the energy use from biomass is 18%!!!!!!
  • 39. Barriers to BioMass • Lack of experience and familiarity with BioMass technologies • Attitude of the electricity, heat and fuel supply industries - changing • Initial capital costs - taxes on renewable energy systems (however greener homes grants now available), lack of grants (changing) • Uncertainty as to the availability of BioMass resources - Framing • Need for an integrated BioMass policy • Lack of information, education and training
  • 43. What is Biomass? Biomass is the oldest fuel used by mankind. Wood has been used as a fuel for cooking and heating for over 500,000 years, but has suffered a decline in the last century as the use of fossil fuels increased. However, the environmentally harmful effects of burning fossil fuels coupled with the need to secure indigenous renewable sources of energy has resulted in a return to using natural and clean sources of energy such as biomass. Definition of Biomass The term biomass encompasses a variety of fuels and technologies used to produce renewable energy. Biomass refers to land and water-based vegetation, organic wastes and photosynthetic organisms. These are non-fossil, renewable carbon resources from which energy can be produced and used as fossil fuel substitutes. Examples of biomass include: wood, grasses, crops, agricultural and municipal wastes. Biomass can be burned to produce heat that is used to create steam to turn turbines to produce electricity. Therefore, energy from biomass can produce electricity and/or heat. Liquid biofuels can also be derived from The majority of todays lecture has been biomass crops such as oilseed rape. Energy from biomass and waste is often referred to as bioenergy. When sourced from Sustainable Energy plant material is burned for energy purposes carbon dioxide is released. However, because plants absorb carbon dioxide during their life cycle, the net emissions of carbon dioxide are zero. In this way, wood is said Ireland’s BioMass fact sheet available to be carbon neutral. from: Sustainable Energy Ireland Atmospheric CO2, water and sunlight Shinagh House Carbon released back into the atmosphere Converted into new plant material through photosynthesis Bandon, Co. Cork, and available to download at: Which is harvested and burnt or downloadable from: Source: British BioGen, the UK Trade Association for Bioenergy. SUSTAINABLE ENERGY IRELAND http://www.sei.ie/Renewables/Bioenergy/ RENEWABLE ENERGY INFORMATION OFFICE Hotline: 023 42193 Website: http://www.sei.ie/reio.htm 1

Editor's Notes

  1. \n
  2. \n
  3. \n
  4. \n
  5. \n
  6. \n
  7. \n
  8. \n
  9. \n
  10. \n
  11. \n
  12. \n
  13. \n
  14. \n
  15. \n
  16. \n
  17. \n
  18. \n
  19. \n
  20. \n
  21. \n
  22. \n
  23. \n
  24. \n
  25. \n
  26. \n
  27. \n
  28. \n
  29. \n
  30. \n
  31. \n
  32. \n
  33. \n
  34. \n
  35. \n
  36. \n
  37. \n
  38. \n
  39. \n
  40. \n
  41. \n
  42. \n
  43. \n
  44. \n
  45. \n
  46. \n
  47. \n
  48. \n
  49. \n
  50. \n
  51. \n
  52. \n
  53. \n
  54. \n
  55. \n
  56. \n
  57. \n
  58. \n
  59. \n
  60. \n
  61. \n
  62. \n
  63. \n