Education is even much more significant than money or any kinds of property that people have. If you were well educated, you would become a key person of development within your society. Therefore, people should have enough right to receive education or knowledge, as much as they can no matter they are male or female.
Conversely,all of this equal right of being educated of women in Khmer society in the past had been opposed. But this matter had been made to be better during the last decade. However, this discrimination of receiving education has to be entirely combated from our Khmer society.
Female literacy rates in Cambodia have always struggled, and the unfortunate truth is that they’re not much improved. The female literacy rate is held to be around 76% country-wide, while male literacy sits at almost 85% (UN Statistical Database, 2004)
The first factor is rooted in traditional stereotyping of women. In rural areas women are expected to undertake domestic work around the home and hence the efficacy of educating girls is neither understood nor perhaps accepted. In some instances education is even viewed as a hindrance to women as some men may not wish to marry an educated woman. Therefore in poor households priority is given to educating sons rather than daughters, who can be kept home to assist in domestic chores
The second factor is the availability of schooling. Underpaid and under-resourced teachers ask for informal enrolment fees from students to maintain the upkeep of the school and staff. In addition to these fees are sundry expenses such as pens and textbooks. Additionally, female literacy can have a positive effect on gender disparities. It has been noted that a lack of education greatly inhibits women’s understanding of their rights to equality and protection under the law.
The traditional acceptance of violence and discrimination towards women is perpetuated by the lack of both female and male education. Research shows that poor and uneducated women represent the majority of domestic violence victims.
. Female literacy is highly correlated with lower rates of maternal mortality: “Women with formal education tend to have better knowledge about health care practices, are less likely to become pregnant at a very young age, tend to have fewer, better- spaced pregnancies, and seek pre- and post- natal care.
Although Cambodia has made good progress in education, gender inequality still remains a major challenge in this sector. Boys and girls start schooling on equal footing in primary education but dropout rate among girl students starts to go up with their grade improvement, particularly after completion of secondary level.
Gender issues in education sector including high illiteracy rates among women, high dropout rates of girls, and teaching of Chbab Srey in textbooks have long-term implications for women’s economic independence, health, decision-making capacities and their overall empowerment.
the Royal Government of Cambodia’s (RGC) ratification of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) obliges it to promote female education in the country.
men are created equal, that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights. Everyone is entitled to all the right for education, without distinction of any kind, such as race, color, sex and religion. Furthermore, school embedment rates for girls and boys are similar in primary level for both urban and rural areas. At higher levels of education the gap increases and enrolment rates for the rural and remote areas are especial law.
These study groups would encourage camaraderie and support in the difficult task of learning literacy, particularly in the face of potential sexism. The mothers and women will be better able to learn literacy in their busy, older age, and the young daughters will feel supported and encouraged by their student mothers and grandmothers.
All in all, the literacy of women is lower than men in the past because of the Khmer traditional and old concepts that women are strict to get education. Even though, now days the education system in Cambodia, both men and women have equal right to get education that protect by the law. But in fact men are gotten higher education then women, so there are not too much women work in high position in government and all so women teacher in university too.
Additionally,female literacy can have a positive effect on gender disparities. It has been noted that a lack of education greatly inhibits women’s understanding of their rights to equality and protection under the law.
Solack of basic education results for higher in several obstacles to the advancement of the situation of women, moreover lack of basic knowledge about rights and duties prevent them from participating fully in the development of Cambodia.