Democracy is a political system, which is merely a form of government that is derived
from the people. The term democracy ...
According to the theories of democracy saw prospects of freedom and equality.
Under this democracy, as David Held (1996) a...
One principle of liberal democracy is representative democracy. Representative
democracy is an indirect form of democracy ...
Under the model of representative democracy brings issues such as the relationship
between the representative and the peop...
Electing a poor representative can result from the process of voting itself. Voting
systems are sometimes viewed as comple...
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Presentation 2 Democracy

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Topic 2: Democracy

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Presentation 2 Democracy

  1. 1. Democracy is a political system, which is merely a form of government that is derived from the people. The term democracy originated from Greek origins. Held (1996) illustrated “democracy is derived from demokratia… *where+ demos *mean+ (people) and kratos (rule)”. Therefore, rule by the people is a core foundation to democracy in organising a political system. Thus, people have the right to elect their government. Additionally, democracy offers political equality to the people by giving them opportunity to participant politically and to voice their opinions in political matters. This powerpoint will examine the principles of democracy focusing on representative democracy. Exploring issues such as the election system, freedom and equality and limitation to representative democracy in a contemporary political system. 1
  2. 2. According to the theories of democracy saw prospects of freedom and equality. Under this democracy, as David Held (1996) argued it will “achieve one or more of the following fundamental values or goods: political equality, liberty, the common interests, a fair moral compromises, binding decisions that takes everyone’s interest into account, the satisfaction of wants, efficient decisions”. Initially, democracy is grounded in promoting equality and freedom to the citizens in political participation. Thus, citizens are free and have the rights to express their political opinion so that their needs are heard or being fulfilled. By comparison, Anna Phillips (1993, p. 123) portrayal that democracy promises “a common good or a general will”. Further on, Pateman (1970, p.14) establishes that ‘political equality’ ensures that participants have “opportunity of access to channels *their+ influence over leaders”. It goes without saying that, democracy is endorsing freedom and equality of the citizen, ensuring equal right to the citizen including diversity. 2
  3. 3. One principle of liberal democracy is representative democracy. Representative democracy is an indirect form of democracy where citizens elect a member of parliament to represent them and to act in political participations upon their behalf. This is done so through an election method where citizen vote for a parliamentary candidate, someone who they think will best represent them and will serve their best interest overall. This form of democracy is widely adopted in various countries such as Australia, United States of America and so forth. This form of democracy may seem positive at first but there are several issues that are brought forth to this principle of representative democracy. 3
  4. 4. Under the model of representative democracy brings issues such as the relationship between the representative and the people that are being represented. For instance, electing a poor representative and lack of connections between the people to the representative. Mainly, it results in whether the elected representative acts politically to the interest of the people that are being represented. This is a complex situation, if a representative has no connections with the people then the citizens that are being represented will be misled and their political interests will be diminished due to that particular candidate not having the capacity to understand the communities interests and needs. Take the case of Australia democracy, where Tony Abbott evidently broke many election promises particularly the budget issues, increase of tax and many more. This clearly, shows how representative democracy is an ineffective form of government and that democracy concept is viewed as a negative in promoting freedom and equality due to the citizen voices being lost in the process. 4
  5. 5. Electing a poor representative can result from the process of voting itself. Voting systems are sometimes viewed as complex. For many citizens voting is deemed challenging, resulting in the process of voting relating to how one should vote on the ballot paper. Therefore, not understanding how to vote may certainly sabotage the elections score or even electing a wrong candidate. Secondly, election can potentially corrupted especially in regards to bribery. So, election choices are not balanced. Crouch (2004, p.1) emphasis that election should be “free and fair”. Lastly, electing a poor representative arises from the influences of media. The media plays a huge role within an election and it can impact hugely upon the voting result. Media is an open medium to give influences to how people vote; shaping citizen ideology towards certain political issues so that citizen will vote for that political party. Not only this, media channels are said to flavor one political party over another in general. Thus, media are giving false hope to the citizen, resulting in electing poor representatives. 5
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