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  1. 1. What is poetry all about?Ms. Delgado and Dr. Gonzalez 7th Grade
  2. 2. WHAT IS POETRY?•Poems are made up of words that createimages or pictures in our minds.•Many poems sound like songs when youread them aloud. This is because somepoems have a regular rhythm and repeatedlines, words or sounds.
  3. 3. WHAT IS POETRY?•Poems have shorter lines than mostsorts of writing. The words of a poemmay be written in short sentences orlists. Sometimes, poems may be shapedto represent a topic, or they might bescattered all over the page.
  4. 4. WHAT IS POETRY?•There are no special topics for poems.They can be about mosquitoes, babies,the sea, supermarkets, friends,skateboards, mountains, anything at all.
  5. 5. WHAT IS POETRY?•Poems can be conversations,statements, stories or descriptions.They can be serious or funny. They arewritten for many purposes: todescribes something, to tell a story, toexplain feelings.
  6. 6. WHAT IS POETRY?•The words in a poem must havemeaning for the reader. They are notsimply words scattered on a page. Themeaning of a poem will vary from onepoem to another, and from one readerto another.
  7. 7. PoetryFeatures of Poems
  8. 8. FEATURES OF POEMS Poems have meaning.•Poems can describe an interestingplace or person, tell a story or explainfeelings.
  9. 9. POEMS FEATURES Poems have sounds. Poems sound different from othertypes of writing. Poems may haverhyming words, a regular rhythm likemusic, words with repeated sounds, oreven words that sound like theirmeaning.
  10. 10. FEATURES OF POEMS Poems have images. Poems create pictures in our mind,called images. Images often refer to oursense of sight, smell, sound, taste andtouch. An image may describe something,or it may compare one thing to another.Images help you see something as if it isreally there.
  11. 11. FEATURES OF POETRY Poems have lines. Poems have lines that may be long orshort, and can be made up of wholesentences or sentence fragments. Somepoems have lines arranged in stanzas. Astanza is a group of lines that arearranged in a definite pattern. In otherpoems, the lines make a picture or shapeto illustrate the topic.
  12. 12. FEATURES OF POETRY Poems have patterns. Poems have patterns of letters,syllables and words. These patterns oftenhelp you to hear the rhythm of a poem.Some types of poems have patterns with aparticular number of syllables in each line,and others have words repeatedthroughout the poem.
  13. 13. PoetryVocabulary
  14. 14. •Alliteration: Repetition of initial consonant sounds •Allusion: A reference to a well-known person,place, event, literary work, or work of art •Ballad: A song-like poem that tells a story •Blank Verse: Poetry written in unrhymed, ten-syllable lines
  15. 15. •Concrete Poem: A poem with a shape that suggests itssubject •Figurative Language: Writing that is not meant to be takenliterally •Free Verse: Poetry not written in a regularrhythmical pattern or meter •Haiku: •A three-lined Japanese verse
  16. 16. •Image: A word or phrase that appeals to one ormore of the five senses 10. Limerick: A limerick is a five-line poem in or meterwith a strict rhyme scheme, which intends to bewitty or humorous. 11. Lyric Poem: Highly musical verse that expresses theobservations and feelings of a single speaker
  17. 17. 12. Metaphor: A figure of speech in which somethingis described as though it were somethingelse.13. Mood: The feeling created in the reader by aliterary work.14. Narrative Poem: A story told in verse
  18. 18. 15. Onomatopoeia: The use of words that imitate sounds16. Personification: A type of figurative language in whicha non-human subject is given humancharacteristics.
  19. 19. 17. Refrain: A regularly repeated line or group oflines in a poem.18. Repetition: The use, more than once, of anyelement of language.19. Rhyme: Repetition of sounds at the end ofwords.
  20. 20. 20. Rhyme Scheme: A regular pattern of rhyming wordsin a poem.21. Rhythm: Pattern of beats or stresses in spoken orwritten language.22. Simile: A figure of speech that uses like or as tomake a direct comparison between two unlikeideas. My love is like a red rose.
  21. 21. 23.Stanza: A formal division of lines in a poemconsidered as a unit
  22. 22. LIMERICKS•A limerick is a poem of five lines•The first, second, and fifth lines havethree rhythmic beats and rhyme withone another.•The third and fourth lines have twobeats and rhyme with one another.•They are always light-hearted,humorous poems.
  23. 23. Another Limerick• There once was a very small mouse • Who lived in a very small house, • The ocean’s spray • Washed it away, • All that was left was her blouse!
  24. 24. YOU WILL CREATE A LIMERICK SIMILAR TO THIS ONE…There once was a man from Beijing. All his life he hoped to be King. So he put on a crown, Which quickly fell down. That small silly man from Beijing.
  25. 25. FILL IN THE BLANKS AND CREATE YOUR OWN LIMERICK.There once was a _____ from _____.All the while she/he hoped ________.So she/he ____________________,And ________________________, That _________ from ___________.