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Types of paragraphs

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Types of paragraphs: definitions, features and exmples

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Types of paragraphs

  1. 1. TYPES OF PARAGRAPHS M I L A D Y C A S T A Ñ E D A VA L E R I A R O D R I G U E Z K A R E N C H AV E R R A U N I V E R S I D A D E A N T E O R Í A D I S C U R S I V A 2 0 1 5
  2. 2. PARAGRAPH A paragraph can be defined as a group of sentences related to the same topic, even though it could be formed just by a single sentence.
  3. 3. TYPES OF PARAGRAPHS According to the writing propose, paragraphs may be classify into four main categories: Descriptive Persuasive Expository Narrative To describe something or someone To tell stories or sequence of events To explain something, give information or instructions To convince the reader
  4. 4. Descriptive paragraphs aim to: Show the reader what a thing or person is like without physical contact. Allow the reader to experience the phenomenon, item or event described in detail. DESCRIPTIVE PARAGRAPHS
  5. 5. Their feature are: Words usually appeal to the five senses of touch, smell, sight, sound, and taste. They normally include modifiers (e.g., adjectives, adverbs, prepositional phrases) Figurative language are very common as well (e.g., metaphors, personification, similes)
  6. 6. “I climb up on the loading platform in back of the small country hardware store somewhere off Route 13 near Nassawadox on the Eastern Shore of Virginia. I am looking for the proprietor. The air is cool in the shadows of the storeroom and redolent of fresh-sawn lumber. I hear voices behind me. The proprietor, middle-aged with skin leathered by the sun, is taking to two young white men in bib overalls. The young white men are leaning on a rusting 1962 Ford station wagon of indeterminate color. From the shadows of the storeroom, I move in their direction.” Defending the spirit by Randall Robinson EXAMPLE
  7. 7. NARRATIVE PARAGRAPHS Narrative paragraphs aim to tell about a sequence of actions. Their feature are: There is always a clear beginning, middle and end. They usually follow a plot line
  8. 8. EXAMPLE “John Payton, an old friend and brilliant Washington lawyer, told me recently that UCLA Law School’s large entering class for fall 1997 would likely include not a single black , owing to general retreat from affirmative action. This is the new and disturbing national trend. In 1996 President Clinton signed a mean-spirited welfare reform bill that promised to push millions of children, black, brown, and white, into poverty. Month later, the President, with much pomp and fanfare, called from a platform in Philadelphia for mass volunteerism as an answer to our nation’s growing social ills. Sharing the platform with the president, were former presidents Carter and Bush. General Colin Powel provided something of a black imprimatur for the idea of substituting volunteerism for federal assistance to the poor.” Defending the spirit by Randall Robinson
  9. 9. EXPOSITORY PARAGRAPH Expository paragraphs aim to: Help the reader understand following a process or a method. Provide information either explaining it or giving instructions.
  10. 10. Their feature are: They often require research. An exposition usually includes techniques such as examples or illustrations to support a statement. Also, ordinal sequence are often used (e.g. chronological or numerical)
  11. 11. EXAMPLE “A sentence is a group of words that make sense when used together. A sentence expresses a complete thought. If a sentence does not express a complete thought, it is an incomplete sentence. A sentence begins with a capital letter and ends with a period(.), an exclamation point(!), or a question mark(?). Every sentence has a subject and a verb. Sentences are the basic units of all writing. Below you will see examples of incomplete sentences and complete sentences.” Clear writing: step by step by Diana Bonet
  12. 12. PERSUASIVE PARAGRAPHS Persuasive paragraphs aim to get the reader reaction, accepting or understanding the writer’s position or proposal. Their feature are: They often require the gathering of facts and research. Usually, rhetorical devices are employed in order to influence the reader's opinion.
  13. 13. EXAMPLE “We believe that we can change the things around us in accordance with our desires—we believe it because otherwise we can see no favorable outcome. We do not think of the outcome which generally comes to pass and is also favorable: we do not succeed in changing things in accordance with our desires, but gradually our desires change. The situation that we hoped to change because it was intolerable becomes unimportant to us. We have failed to surmount the obstacle, as we were absolutely determined to do, but life has taken us round it, led us beyond it, and then if we turn round to gaze into the distance of the past, we can barely see it, so imperceptible has it become.” In Search of Lost Time by Marcel Proust
  14. 14. REFERENCE LIST Basics: Language Art-English. (2015). Retrieved from: https://sites.google.com/site/basicslanguagearts/home/compone nts-of-a-paragraph/different-type-of-paragraphs Bonet, D. Clear Writing : A Step by Step Guide. Menlo Park, CA, USA: Course Technology / Cengage Learning, 1991. ProQuest ebrary. Learn English Online. (2015). Types of paragraphs. Retrieved from: http://www.learnamericanenglishonline.com/Write_in_English/W L10_types_of_paragraphs.html

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