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Mongolia
Kayoko Zahn
Geography of Mongolia
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Location/Geography:
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Capital:
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East and Central Asia
Bordered by China and Russia
L...
Geography of Mongolia (cont.)
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Climate:
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Source: http://www.mongoliatourism.gov.mn/page/259/

Economic activity a...
People of Mongolia
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Mongols and Mongolia:
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Population:
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Khalkha Mongol 90% (official), Turkic, Russian

Sovi...
Religions
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Religions:
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Buddhist Lamaist (Tibetan Buddhism) 50%, Shamanist and
Christian 6%, Muslim 4%, none 40%

Ti...
Mongolian Culture
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Influenced by the Mongol nomadic way of life
Other influences from Tibet and Tibetan Buddhism, an...
Holiday and Celebrations in Mongolia
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National Holiday:
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Independence Day/Revolution Day, 11 July (1921)

Celebrati...
Foods
Mongolia : The Batsuuri family of Ulaanbaatar

What the World Eats, Part I - Photo
Essays - TIME
http://www.time.com...
Foods
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An old Mongolian saying advises: “Keep breakfast for yourself, share lunch with
your friend and give dinner to yo...
Annual Meat Consumption
Original source: Food and
Agriculture Organization
of the United Nations
(2001-3)

Mongolia

USA

...
Mongolian American
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Mongolian American
communities today are
composed largely of
migrants who arrived in the
1990s an...
Summary
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Culture
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Religion
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Traditional nomadic way of life
Influences from Tibet and from China
Influen...
References
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“Mongolia - CIA - The World Factbook”, The CIA website, Web. 7 Sept. 2012.
https://www.cia.g...
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Understanding different cultures_Mongolia

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Understanding different cultures_Mongolia

  1. 1. Mongolia Kayoko Zahn
  2. 2. Geography of Mongolia  Location/Geography:     Capital:   East and Central Asia Bordered by China and Russia Landlocked Ulan Bator (the world’s coldest capital city) Area:   Slightly smaller than Alaska Land used for grazing: 80.7% Source of maps: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mg.html
  3. 3. Geography of Mongolia (cont.)  Climate:    Source: http://www.mongoliatourism.gov.mn/page/259/ Economic activity as regards to its geography:    desert; continental large daily and seasonal temperature ranges Traditionally based on herding and agriculture Mineral deposits (copper, gold, coal, molybdenum, etc.) Agricultural products:  Wheat, barley, vegetables, forage crops; sheep, goats, cattle, camels, horses
  4. 4. People of Mongolia  Mongols and Mongolia:   Population:    Khalkha Mongol 90% (official), Turkic, Russian Soviet economic aid stopped in:   Mongol (mostly Khalkha) 94.9%, Turkic (mostly Kazakh) 5%, other (including Chinese and Russian) 0.1% Language:   3,179,997 (US population 313,847,465) in July 2012 (Livestock population: 30,500,000) Ethnic Groups:   The map on the right shows the boundary of 13th century Mongol Empire and location of today's Mongols in modern Mongolia, Russia, Central Asian States and China. 1991 Population living on less than $2 a day:  75% http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mongols
  5. 5. Religions  Religions:   Buddhist Lamaist (Tibetan Buddhism) 50%, Shamanist and Christian 6%, Muslim 4%, none 40% Tibetan Buddhism:    “A form of Mahayana Buddhism with an admixture of indigenous animism that is practiced in Tibet, Mongolia, Bhutan, and neighboring areas.” (from thefreedictionary.com) “A Buddhist doctrine that includes elements from India that are not Buddhist and elements of preexisting shamanism” (from dictionary.com) Vegetarianism is rare in Tibetan Buddhism.
  6. 6. Mongolian Culture    Influenced by the Mongol nomadic way of life Other influences from Tibet and Tibetan Buddhism, and from China Since the 20th century, Russian and, via Russia, European culture have had a strong effect on Mongolia “At the beginning of the 20th Century, more than half the male population of this landlocked country lived as monks in places like Ganden. But then came communism...” "Mongolia's return to religion" from the BBC News website http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/3113839.stm
  7. 7. Holiday and Celebrations in Mongolia  National Holiday:   Independence Day/Revolution Day, 11 July (1921) Celebrations:  Tsagaan Sar (the white month): a celebration of New Year held in the first month of spring, addition of age and safe ending of winter for animals. The 2012 National Naadam Festival Source: http://www.mongoliatourism.gov.mn/newsView/180 Naadam Source: http://www.e-mongol.com/mongolia_culture.htm  Naadam: the traditional Mongolian summer festival
  8. 8. Foods Mongolia : The Batsuuri family of Ulaanbaatar What the World Eats, Part I - Photo Essays - TIME http://www.time.com/time/photoga llery/0,29307,1626519,00.html Food expenditure for one week: 41,985.85 togrogs or $40.02 Family recipe : Mutton dumplings Source of the photo: http://www.eatnineghost.com/what-theworld-eats/
  9. 9. Foods  An old Mongolian saying advises: “Keep breakfast for yourself, share lunch with your friend and give dinner to your enemy”.  Mongolian traditional meals (such as buuz, khuushuur and bansh) are made with minced meat seasoned with garlic or onion (it can be anything from mutton to beef to camel to horse to gazelle) covered with flour and steamed in boiling water, fried in oil and boiled in water. The use of spice is limited. Khorkhog (left) served with a plate of meat and vegetables (right) Buuz Khuushuur Mongolian Beef is not a traditional Mongolian food! Source of photos: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mongolian_cuisine
  10. 10. Annual Meat Consumption Original source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (2001-3) Mongolia USA Copied from “What the world’s eat” on page 76
  11. 11. Mongolian American   Mongolian American communities today are composed largely of migrants who arrived in the 1990s and 2000s, as communism in Mongolia came to an end and restrictions on emigration lifted. Since the population size of the Mongolian immigrants is not very large the influence in food culture to the US seems to be limited. Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mongolian_American
  12. 12. Summary  Culture     Religion    Traditional nomadic way of life Influences from Tibet and from China Influences from Russian and, via Russia, European culture Tibetan Buddhism Shamanism Food customs and practices    Traditional Mongolian diet depends on meat and dairy products. This was due to the country’s dry, mountainous landscape and nomadic culture. In spite of the influences of Buddhism, vegetarianism is not common.
  13. 13. References         “Mongolia - CIA - The World Factbook”, The CIA website, Web. 7 Sept. 2012. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mg.html “Discover Mongolia - Official tourism website of Mongolia”, The website of Ministry of Nature, Environment and Tourism, Mongolia, Web. 7 Sept. 2012. http://www.mongoliatourism.gov.mn/ “Mongolian Culture : Arts, language, Food, Tsagaan Sar & Nadaam ”, The The Best of Mongolia website, Web. 7 Sept. 2012. http://www.emongol.com/mongolia_culture.htm "An Introduction to Mongolia: The Legacy of Chinggis Khan.", The asianart.com website, Web, 7 Sept. 2012. http://www.asianart.com/mongolia/intro.html "Mongolia's return to religion.", the BBC news website, Web. 7 Sept. 2012. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/3113839.stm D'Aluisio, Faith, and Menzel, Peter, What the World Eats. Berkeley: Tricycle Press, 2008. Print. "Mongolian cuisine.", the Wikipedia website, , Web. 7 Sept. 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mongolian_cuisine "Mongolian Food.", the Exploremongolia.blogspot.com website, Web. 7 Sept. 2012. http://exploremongolia.blogspot.com/2011/05/mongolian-food.html

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