COMMUNITY PARTNER COMMUNITY PARTNERCOMPOSITE LOGO STRAPLINELOGO MARK Ages 12+ years NATIONAL 1v11 s for Coaches - 1 A Re source
Contents Page 3 Introduction 4 Scotland’s National Player Pathway 6 Role of the Coach 8 Coach Development Pathway 9 Positive Coaching 15 Codes of Conduct and Good Practice 18 Matchday Protocol 19 11-a-side Football Match-day Guidelines 20 Practical Content 25 Referee Information 27 Contacts2 The NATIONAL Player Pathway: 11v11s Ages 13-16. 02.12
IntroductionThis booklet is designed to help all our volunteersworking with an 11-a-side team.Supporting the development of young players to play the 11- a-side gameis important to the success of our national game. The National PlayerPathway provides a challenging, progressive system that will stimulate allyoung aspiring footballers. You as a coach can educate and inspire youngplayers to achieve their potential and fulfil their ambitions, whether that’sto have fun, learn new skills or to reach the top end of the game.The 11-a-side game is the final step from the 4 and 7-a-side game formatsand will further extend their learning and skills to play the traditionalparent game. At this age and stage it is important to understand thatmany young players play the game to have fun, play with their friends andto improve their skills. A player’s natural desire to compete on the parkshould be fostered but winning games shouldn’t become the only focus andyou should continue to provide a positive learning environment with a focuson long term player development.You as a coach should encourage the improvement in technique,decision making, game understanding, individual physical developmentand commitment to set goals but more importantly you will have theopportunity to teach important aspects of life through football, such asfair play, confidence, teamwork, resilience, dedication and commitment.Through football you have a tremendous opportunity to instil and reinforcepositive values and be a positive guide in a young person’s journeythrough life.Keep up the fantastic work you are doing and be the kind of coaches whoare remembered in a “difference making” way by young people long aftertheir playing days are over.This booklet along with the developing talent section of our website (www.scottishfa.co.uk/developingtalent) and our coach education courses aredesigned to help you deliver an enjoyable, challenging and developmentalexperience to your players. 3
4 Scotland’s national Player Pathway The Scottish FA has, in partnership with 12 + Years – Developing the player the Scottish Youth FA and key football The driving philosophy of this stage is: stakeholders, implemented a National Player • Learning the game Pathway that takes a common sense and • Playing the game player centered approach to developing the football potential of our young people.The NATIONAL Player Pathway: 11v11s Ages 13-16. Objectives The national player pathway is progressive, • The focus of training is still on development: players coherent and challenging and will allow young natural desire to win on the park should be fostered players to reach their potential wherever they by the coaches but training should not be focussed on preparing a team to win but on developing the live in the country. individual player Following the philosophy that ‘the game grows • As a player’s skill and game competence develops, with the player’ the national player pathway technical and tactical development becomes more sets out principles and guidelines on best emphasised. Focus on core skills and tactical application in competitive environments practice for teaching players how to enjoy and develop as players and citizens through our • Progressively develop strength, power, speed and national game. endurance through individual programmes at this stage • Encourage players to practice in their own time and set homework challenges
The NATIONAL player pathway works as follows 9-12 years. Learning to Play 7v7 6-8 years. Desire to Play 4v4 13 - 16 years. Developing the player 11v11 11-a–side football represents the best game format for players aged 13+ years of age. It should follow: • Traditional Season • Trophy Football • Normal laws of game apply • Size 4 ball at 13 level, size 5 ball thereafter • Coaching • 2 x 35 minute games at 13 AND 14 • Volunteering • 2 X 40 min games at 15 and 16 • 2 X 45 min games at 17 and above • Officiating • Rolling subs • Spectating Adult Football • Professional 16-21 years. Preparing to • Amateur Compete • Recreational 11v115
Role of the Coach The role of the coach within youth football is crucial as this is the stage where players will learn to play the traditional 11 v 11 game and develop standards and values around playing the game. It is your role to help players to learn the game, to maximise on their skills and to work as part of a team. It is important not to pressurise young people to win early in their development but to teach values of hard work, resilience and willingness to learn and make their experience an enjoyable one. A knowledge of young people and how to teach is often more important than a knowledge of the game. It is also important that we understand why young people enjoy playing football and importantly how to keep them playing football for as long as possible. Your role as coach is to …….. • Provide enjoyable and challenging activity suitable to the age of the players • Provide well organised and planned practices and games • Provide stimulating activities that promote skills and movement development • Communicate appropriately with young people • Praise and encourage young players to have the freedom to express themselves • Use teachable moments to educate young people • Be a good role model • Teach basic ethics of fair play and sportsmanship • Be patient with your players during this transition as it may take time for some of them to adapt to the 11 v 11 game ……..so that the players will…… • Be motivated to play the game so it becomes a lifelong habit • Develop skills, technique and fitness • Be comfortable with the ball • Be more confident to try new challenges • Understand and demonstrate good sportsmanship • Be hardworking and committed • Be resilient when handling adversity • Be motivated to practice more6 The NATIONAL Player Pathway: 11v11s Ages 13-16.
Use the checklist below to help guide you to create the best possiblefootball experience for your young players: Make it fun Make it safe Use the ball Always coach positively Involve all your players Be patient Be a good role model 7
Coach Development Pathway The Scottish FA continues to invest in the development of our coaches and volunteers and values the role these people play in the development of our game. The game is as good as the coaches who provide the opportunities. To ensure quality provision we have worked hard to implement a Coach Development Pathway which addresses the needs of the coach in relation to the age and stage of their players. The following pathway for coaches working in the youth game is available: Level 5 Advanced Youth Licence (23 Days) Level 4 Basic Youth Award (5 Days) Physical Preparation Course Level 3 Coaching in the Game (2 Days) Level 2 Coaching Youth Footballers (2 Days) Level 1 Development Activities (1 Day) For more information on the Scottish FA coach education pathway visit www.scottishfa.co.uk or contact your local football development officer.8 The NATIONAL Player Pathway: 11v11s Ages 13-16.
Positive CoachingThe Scottish FA and Scottish YouthFA in partnership with the WinningScotland Foundation and Sportscotlandhas embraced the Positive CoachingScotland Programme (PCS) whichrecognises that major challenges existin modern day grassroots footballand aims to address these through achange in culture. The mission of PCSis simple – to recognise that throughfootball young people learn valuablelife lessons. It challenges the ‘win at all costs’ mentality and focuses onlearning, respect, responsibility, effort and success.Disruption on the touchline, disrespect for officials, coaches focused onwin at all costs, young people being parented from a professional sportsperspective .… Scotland faces a number of challenging cultural issuesthat are overflowing in youth football.Together these factors are causing more and more young people to dropout of football and miss out on the type of valuable life lessons that onlysport delivers. Positive coaching was established to help reverse thistrend.By involving the whole community, PCS provides the tools andframework for a positive sporting experience by educating andencouraging positive attitude and behaviour among coaches, parents,leaders and players. 9
Positive Coaching ‘Win at all cost’ coach v Positive coach Professional football has elevated a win at all costs mentality to the fore with winning being an overriding concern. Research has shown that 99.5% of young players will never make it to the professional game yet we still apply the same mentality to youth football that means far too many coaches miss the opportunity to teach or develop young people. This often creates a pressurised environment which leads to a negative experience and the end result of young players dropping out of the game. By focusing on effort, learning and bouncing back from mistakes you as coaches can develop an environment where young people see working hard to get better rather than focussing simply on winning as the motivation to succeed. The focus of a positive coach should be on two goals: • Winning (important) - learning to compete effectively, through concerted effort • Teaching life lessons through football (more important) - such as leadership, confidence, resilience, teamwork, persistence, respect and compassion “Success is no accident. It is hard work, perseverance, learning, studying and love of what you are learning to do”10 The NATIONAL Player Pathway: 11v11s Ages 13-16.
Positive CoachingHelping you redefine winner?Positive Coaching Scotland promotes the use of a number of toolsto help you at training and a match to define that winning is successthrough effort.These include• Effort Goals• Mistake rituals• Rewarding unsuccessful effortEffort GoalsGoal setting can be a powerful tool for coaches to motivate youngplayers to achieve. A goal gives the young person a focus to worktowards something that they want to achieve.Effort Goals are achievable if the young person works hard and puts inappropriate effort to achieve and can easily see when progress has beenmade. Outcome goals such as winning games, scoring goals or tacklingan opponent tend to focus on the end result and do not take into accountany of the effort which was made to achieve them.Outcome goals can provide motivation. However solely focusing on theresult can lead to increased anxiety and lowered self-confidence.Effort Goals can motivate because players can control their effortand the success on achieving them is not effected by external factorsincluding the ability or form of the opposition and decisions the refereewill make. 11
When setting goals for your young players make sure they are focussed on effort and not on outcome. Example goals include; Effort Goals Outcome Goals Vs (Control) (Not in Control) Sprint after all 50-50 balls Gain possession of the ball Shoot on sight Score a goal Follow up rebounds Play short passes Keep possession of the ball Movement off the ball Deliver as many crosses Assist a goal from a as you can cross ball Effort Goals set at the correct level will allow players to progress towards their outcome goals. Fair P la Please y Cards Fr note on these t visu als ar e low resolu t tion an al prin d not itable for fin suitab le for d not su final n an print solutio Supp orted by: s Fron t w re are lo ay Card ese visuals by: Fair Pl orted Supp note th Please by: orted Supp Positive otland Coach Coaching Sc Positiveing Scotlan d Scotland Coaching Positive Honour our Gam nour our Game! e! Ho Positive Coach by me created l program ce. the origina ing Scotland ed from ing Allian Develop ve Coach Positi r Game! Honour ou by me created l program Develo the origina ce. ped from ed from ing Allian Posit the origina ve Coach honour our gam Develop Positi ive Coac l progra mme hing create Alliance. d by e! Transforming youth sport soScottish transform youthsport can Developed from the original programme Positive Coachin created by g Alliance.12 The Player Pathway: 11v11s Ages 13-16.
Positive CoachingMistake ritualsMistakes are what young players worry about most. Once a player makesa mistake on the pitch or in training it can have a negative impact on theirconfidence and often lead to them giving up easily and not trying again.Mistakes are inevitable. When we ask our players to give 100% and try tolearn new things they are bound to make mistakes. As a coach you mustbe patient and encourage your players to learn from mistakes and moreimportantly bounce back and try again. Encourage your players that makingmistakes is ok. The key is to recover quickly so you can make the next play.A mistake ritual is a gesture and a statement that coaches and playersuse to transform the fear of mistakes. A mistake ritual allows players toquickly ‘reset’ for the next play without beating themselves up for making amistake. Using key words or actions you can get your players to respond ina positive way and keep trying new challenges.• “Stamp it out” – a quick stamp on the ground and move on to next play• “Bounce Up” - anytime a player finds themselves on the ground (tackled, tripped etc.) they immediately “bounce up” off the ground as quickly as they can. This signals them to get up, move on quickly, and get ready for the next play, as opposed to languishing on the ground and lamenting the mistake• “Double Clap” - often when players make a mistake they put their head in their hands in frustration and/or use expletives. A “double clap” ritual punctuated with a “Come on!” helps them keep their head up and focus on what’s next“Remember – it’s not the mistake thatmatters, it’s how you respond to it!”Rewarding unsuccessful effortAll coaches reward players who have performed a good play such asscoring a goal or making a great pass but to maximise team effort, rewardplayers who try hard but fail to make the play. 13
As a coach look for moments that the player has not been successful and praise the player’s effort. For example a player may dribble past two defenders but shoots the ball high over the crossbar and they will instantly be disappointed. You as a coach can praise the effort he/she has shown to make the play and the success he/ she had in getting past the defenders to shoot. This promotes that you as a coach notices effort no matter what the outcome and in turn motivating your team to work hard and show resilience. Fill the emotional tank - Building Confidence Coaches who praise and encourage young players to be build confidence will encourage them to be optimistic, deal better with adversity and will try any challenges that is put their way. Coaches who shout and demean players reduce confidence in young players and when they are low in confidence they will be pessimistic, give up more easily and become defensive when handling adversity. By the age of 14, 70% of young people will have dropped out of the sport. At this age and stage of a player’s development you as a coach can stop this trend by motivating and building confidence in your young players to stay in football and learn skills that will help them in life. To build confidence it is very important as a coach how you give feedback: • Truthful and specific praise – give examples where they have shown good effort and praise them for it • Show appreciation – show appreciation to players for how they have helped you as a coach and how they have helped the team • Listening - ask questions of your young people about training practices, matches and what they have learned. Consult with young people on goalsetting • Non-verbal – shaking hands, thumbs up, clapping, nodding all help to build a young players confidence A coach should always avoid criticism, sarcasm, ignoring and also be very careful of your non-verbal body language including head in hands, shaking your head, turning away in disgust. These all demotivate young players and drain their confidence. If you support and encourage a developing player over an initial 6 to 12 month period with praise and encouragement you will be rewarded with a greatly improved player willing to work hard to succeed for many years to come.14 The NATIONAL Player Pathway: 11v11s Ages 13-16.
Codes of Conduct & Good PracticeOne of the critical components of our game is the passion that people show forthe team and club that they support. Whilst this passion is usually harnessedand used to support our game it sometimes can boil over to create negativesituations. We must all work together in the attempt to eliminate this negativepassion. Codes of Conduct are an integral component of footballing activitiesand the following codes compliment the good work of the many football bodiesin Scotland.All members of your club or association must adopt specific codes. The ScottishFA & the Scottish Youth FA encourages members to be vigilant in enforcing suchcodes whether via support for those who constantly abide by the codes and/orpenalties for those who fail to act in accordance with the codes.Fair Play must be fundamental to the aims and objectives of the club where itis crucial to ensure that all players, officials and volunteers abide by the rules,respect everyone and maintain high standards of sportsmanship at all times.Always Honour the Game!COACHES’ CODE OF CONDUCT• Allow all players, no matter their level of ability the opportunity to play• Respect the rights, dignity and worth of every player and treat everyone equally within the context of football• Always pursue fair play• Ensure you always show respect for officials• Prohibit use of camcorders and cameras unless parental consent has been provided• Place safety and well-being of the player above the development of performance• Be aware of the Scottish FA, SYFA and the Club’s Child & Vulnerable Adult Protection Policy and Procedures 15
• Ensure that coaching sessions are enjoyable, well-structured and focus on developing skills, decision making and a general understanding of the game • Develop an appropriate working relationship with players based on mutual trust and respect • Encourage players to accept responsibility for their own behaviour and performance • Ensure that sessions and games are appropriate for the age, maturity, experience and ability of the individual player • Must consistently display high standards of appearance and behaviour • Know where to find appropriate first-aid. Contact Scottish Youth FA • Hold a current membership list and have a register available at all activities PLAYERS’ CODE OF CONDUCT • Play by the rules – the rules of your club and the laws of the game • Never argue with a referee or other official – respect referees and thank them for the game • Control your temper - verbal abuse of officials and abusing other players doesn’t help you enjoy or win any games • Be a team player – it’s a team game. Treat it that way • Treat all players as you would like to be treated – fairly • Co-operate with your coach the referee and team-mates • Play for your own enjoyment and to improve your skills through hard work • Don’t use ugly remarks based on race, religion, gender or ability – you’ll let down your coach, team-mates and family if you do – and many such comments are actually now illegal16 The NATIONAL Player Pathway: 11v11s Ages 13-16.
Positive Parents: Making parents an asset Young players bring parents with them so you as a coach must engage with parents to help build a positive team culture. A good working relationship between coaches and parents can be a great tool in developing young players. Parent meeting- a meeting with the parents at the start of the season can be a great way of developing a positive environment and setting down the standards that you will be applying for the coming season. At this meeting you should discuss; • Coaching Philosophy – discuss your philosophy as a coach which may include respect, effort, learning and set your rules on game time, missing training, travel etc. • Aims and goals – set down aims and goals for the season including player and team development • Logistics – training and game information, team contact list and what equipment the players will need • Parent code of conduct/Parent pledge – clear rules regards match days and the behaviour expected to best support their child Parent Volunteers – Parents can be a fantastic support for yourg our game Supported by: positive coaching scotla team and your club and you should encourage them to take ond sport” by teaching themme and by setting a good footBall parents nd duties which may include kit washing, refreshments or other clubaway with it, roles. It is good to discuss support needed with parents as manyhe best you can in thest to win, because you want parents will have specific skills that will be able to support your club.ey have given up their time to be fair, they are not his does not however give Involving parents will also help develop a family friendly environmenttions or lack of effort.learn to work together by and a positive experience for all.her on and off the pitch.hers, live up to what you PCS Touchline champions – Appoint PCS touchline champions onland.comivecoachingscotland. match days to help honour the game. A PCS touchline champion’s helping you become a com pcs of honouring our game positive footballing parent role is to promote the honour our game message of respect and Supported by:onouring our game andorting parent! positive coaching scotla honour our game! footBall parents ndearn to be a “good sport” by teaching them by setting a good to communicate with all parents to support the coach and thehe rules to win.s, even if you get awayame. with it, players in a positive way. PCS Touchline champions will uphold the messages of respect for the rules, officials, opponents,Scottish Charity Number SC036451.onents by doing the best developed from the original you can in the programme created by Positive Coaching Alliance.ay. try your hardest to win, because you wantbe. ls at all times. they have in sport. they try to be make mistakes. this does given up their time fair, they are not teammates and self and will work with parents to let the players play, coaches coach, referees make decisions. not however giveo abuse them. down by your actions or lack of effort.up should be fun. learn to work together by pporting each other on and off the pitch.own! and actions of others, nour our game. live up to what you PCS Parent leaflet – Coaches and PCS touchline championsoachingscotland.com mail: info@positivecoachin can use the PCS parent leaflets to reinforce the standards of helping you become a behaviour you set and the use of the leaflets is a way of reminding gscotland.comland.org.uk/pcsand.org.uk positive footballing parent spectators that they are role models and play a key role in the .co.ukng funder honour our game!any Limited by Guarantee. development of their child. Scottish Charity Numbertion 2008 SC036451. developed from the original programme created by Positive Coaching Alliance. 17
Match Day Protocol On match days the home team should follow the guidelines below to ensure that we create the best possible environment for our young players to play in. • Early arrival at venue • Set up pitch – safety check, erect goals, set out spectator area on one side of pitch 1 metre back from touchline. (Please refer to www. scottishfa.co.uk for Play it Safe leaflet) • Meet and greet own players • Meet and greet away team. Club official to show opposition to team dressing room • Meet and greet referee and introduce to home and away team. Carry out a safety check and remind players of the standard of behaviour required • Pre match preparations – warm up, game information, goal setting • Champions league handshakes- home team, away team, coaches and referees • PCS Touchline Champion to support the positive ethos of the game by distributing Positive Coaching parent leaflets and supervising positive touchline behaviour • End of game handshakes to congratulate referee, opposition and all others involved • Post-match – cool down, review effort goals, effort and fair play. Use teachable moments to reinforce high standards of behaviour • Information to team regards training, next game • A first aider must be in attendance at all club events and all injuries should be recorded with a note of action taken in relation to each one. Never play injured players18 The NATIONAL Player Pathway: 11v11s Ages 13-16.
11-a-side Football Match Guidelines11-a-side (age groups thirteen to twenty-one years)All matches to be played in accordancewith the Playing Rules of the ScottishYouth FA and the Laws of the Game.Normal laws of game apply (Laws of Gamedocument)• Size 4 ball at 13 level, size 5 ball thereafter Laws o 1 2010/201 www.FI f the Ga FA.com Game 2010/2 me of the 011• 2 x 35 minute games at 13 and 14 Laws• 2 X 40 min games at 15 and 16• 2 X 45 min games at 17 and above www.scottishfa.co.uk/ football_document_libraries.• Rolling subs. 5 from 5 up to and cfm?page=719 including age 17. 19’s and 21’s 5 from 5 19
Practical content C 11’s – Defenders DRILL - Set Up: D Passing rotation with 2 balls working. Balls start in opposite corners. Players follow pass in rotation. Instructions: Starting players roll the ball out from their feet to start rotation. This triggers movement from the next player. Players pass round the rotation and follow pass. Part 1 – Pass from full back to striker. Pass from full back to wide player. Pass from full back to centre mid. Part 2 Progression – Add players to allow centre back involvement – Play into centre half and then forward to striker. Coaching Points: • Movement to receive pass • Open up body • Good first touch • Quality of pass GAME-RELATED PRACTICE - Set Up: Pitch set up with 3 zones. Two balls working at the same time. Back 4 set up with 2 strikers. Floating midfielders are involved with both teams. Instructions: Goalkeeper in each goal start with a ball and throw to same side full back (left). Full backs open up body and play pass into striker. Floating midfielders can go and support to end with a finish from strikers or midfield. Play can start using any of the back 4 but must be the same on both sides. Progression - Goalkeeper can through ball to any player in the back 4. Ball can also be played into midfield with defender supporting. Always finish with a shot at goals. Coaching Points: • Movement to receive the ball from goalkeeper • Awareness and body position • Good first touch • Quality of pass • Decision making • Supporting play20 The NATIONAL Player Pathway: 11v11s Ages 13-16.
CONDITIONED GAME - Set Up:Pitch set up with 3 zones. One ball in play. Back 4set up with 2 strikers. Floating midfielders play withteam in possession.Instructions:Goalkeeper starts with ball and plays to one of theback four. Opposing strikers can apply pressure.Ball must be played up to striker with one floatingmidfielder supporting.Two opposing full backs go off the side of the pitchwhen defending to allow overload for a finish.When play stops defenders come back on pitch and start attack through goalkeeper.Players must defend goal sideProgression – play through midfield with defender supporting to play pass into striker.Finally remove the zones to allow free play.Coaching Points:• Movement to receive the ball from goalkeeper• Awareness and body position• Good first touch• Quality of pass• Decision making• Supporting play11’s – MidfieldDRILL - Set Up:Set up as defenders, midfielders and forwardsTwo groups of players working at same time.Instructions:Defender 1 plays pass to midfield 2 who has “comeshort” to receive. Pass is then played to midfieldplayer 3 who has made blindside run, player3 receives and passes out to forward player 4.Players follow their pass other than player 4 whodribbles across to opposite group. Two balls going at same time.Progression 1 – Sequence now player 1 to 3 to 2 to 4.Progression 2 – Two defenders at 1 inter-pass prior to playing angled pass into midfield.Coaching Points:• Weight, angle and timing of passes• Timing and angle of runs to receive• Decisions 21
GAME-RELATED PRACTICE - Set Up: 3v1 in the end zones with 4v4 in middle area. Instructions: Defenders look to build by playing ball into midfield players – the other midfield defend. Attacking midfield, look to create, with the objective being to complete a successful pass into the target player. Play commences this time from opposite defenders building and looking to play through midfield into forwards. Progression 1 - when pass is played into the forward a further pass must be completed to a supporting midfield player who has supported into the final 3rd. Progression 2 - passes can be played from defenders into forwards (after set up by midfield then direct for midfield to support). Coaching Points: • Angle and timing of support • Decisions - when to retain possession and when to penetrate CONDITIONED GAME - Set Up: Three-Zone Conditioned Game 2 - 4 - 1 system with GK’s Instructions: Play commences with GK and 2 defenders building from the back. Play must initially go though the midfield who looks to play off the forward in the final 3rd and support. Only 2 midfield players can support and create a 3 v 2 in the end zone. Midfield players are numbered 1 to 4 and respond to coach commands e.g. player 1 and 3 shape towards the ball whilst 2 and 4 seek to get in behind opposing midfield. Progression 1 - midfield players can drive into final 3rd. Progression 2 - play can be from back to front with midfield support. Eventually lift the conditions and play normal game. Coaching Points: • Timing and angle of support • Decision making - when to retain possession and when to penetrate22 The NATIONAL Player Pathway: 11v11s Ages 13-16.
11’s – STRIKERSDRILL - Set Up:Balls start at each corner and players move up astation anti clockwise. Different movements can bedone as follows: 1 Ball is passed to 2nd striker and laid back to 1st striker who passes to top player. They then pass to opposite starting group. Players progress up a station. 2 As above although 1-2 is played with 1st striker before playing up to 2nd striker. 2nd striker spins and receives 1-2 around defender (mannequin/pole or cone). 3 As above. First striker then makes across face run. 4 Across face run as per no 3 but use 1st striker as a decoy run and 2nd striker spins with ball. 5- 1st striker spins inside to receive ball from 2nd striker.Coaching Points:• Movement of strikers• Awareness of offside, timing of runs• Weight of pass, safe side passGAME-RELATED PRACTICE - Set Up:Instructions:Ball starts in central midfield and is played out towide midfield and back into central. On centralmidfielders 1st touch, forward nearest strikercomes short.Previous striker movement can then be applied:A – 1-2 with 2nd striker spinning off defender.B – Across face run etcRotation: rotation is the players moving fromposition 1 to 2 to 3 on the same side. The strikersremain for a period of 5 minutes and then can change.Progression - Remove mannequins/poles to introduce 1 defender then 2 defendersCoaching Points:• Awareness• First touch,• Awareness of offside• Body shape to receive ball, timing of runs• Angle and weight of passes• Decision making, anticipation 23
CONDITIONED GAME - Set Up: Pitch 60 x 40 yds. 14-16 Players, 2v2 in midfield zone, each end zone has GK and 3 defenders against 2 attackers. Instructions: GK passes to either defender (opposition strikers are passive until first touch). Ball is played into each zone with 1 player allowed to support into each zone to create an overload. Midfield can’t track back into defensive zone initially. As the ball is moving across the pitch the strikers are moving in relation to the ball. Previous movements encouraged. Progressions: (a)Defender can pass straight to striker. (b) Attackers can come deeper into midfield zone to create space for balls in behind. (c) 3v3 in midfield. (d) Remove conditions and play game. Coaching Points: • 1st touch • Awareness of offside • Body shape to receive ball, timing of runs • Angle and weight of passes • Decision making, anticipation24 The NATIONAL Player Pathway: 11v11s Ages 13-16.
Coaches & Refereeing• Players, coaches, and referees are all part of the game• Understanding each other’s roles is important to the future of the game and building better relationships• Every participant in football must recognise they have a contribution to make• Referees can contribute to your knowledge and understanding of the Laws of the Game• The conduct of coaches impacts on the behaviour of the players/ spectators/parents and the temperature of the match• You are a role model for the players• The focus should be on coaching your players• Law 5 enables the referee to apply the Laws of the Game• You must accept the decisions of the referee during the course of the game• Laws of the Game Awareness Courses are available at your local referee association• Let’s all “focus on football”.For information on becoming a referee click on the link belowwww.scottishfa.co.uk/refereecareers 25
SECRETARIES OF REFEREES’ ASSOCIATIONS You may wish to contact one of the following Association Secretaries: Aberdeen and District (Incorporating Lanarkshire Orkney and Shetland) Jim McCunnie, 23 The Fairways, Neil Palmer, 41 Clashfarquhar Crescent, Bothwell, G71 8PB. Portlethen, Aberdeen, AB12 4TN. Telephone: 01698 854091 (h) Telephone: 01224 782119 (h) e-mail: email@example.com e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org www.sfar-lanarkshire.org.uk www.aberdeenanddistrictreferees.co.uk Moray and Banff Angus and Perthshire Douglas Ross, 2 Upper Spynie Steading, Brian Connelly, 77 Strachan Avenue, Calcots, By Elgin, IV30 5PG. Broughty Ferry, Dundee, DD5 1RF. Telephone: 01343 550048 (h) Telephone: 01382 736271 (h) e-mail: e-mail: email@example.com Douglas.firstname.lastname@example.org www.aprefs.co.uk www.mbreferees.co.uk Ayrshire North of Scotland Tom Loy, 16 Gordon Street, Catrine, Eric Robertson, “Rogie”, 1a Wellside Road, Mauchline, KA5 6PQ. Balloch, Inverness, IV2 7GS. Telephone: 01290 551697 (h) Telephone: 01463 798488 (h) e-mail: email@example.com e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org www.nosref.org.uk Edinburgh and District Graeme Leslie, 68 Baird’s Way, Renfrewshire Bonnyrigg, EH19 3NT. Stephen Martin, 4 Gallacher Avenue, Telephone: 0131 660 4079 (h) Paisley, PA2 9HE. e-mail: email@example.com Telephone: 01505 810238 (h) www.edinburghrefs.com e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Fife David McGeachie, 9 Scotstarvit View, South of Scotland Cupar, KY15 5DX. Rod Williamson, “Carronvale”, 9 Minden Telephone: 07743 113076 (m) Drive, Dumfries, DG1 4DZ. e-mail: email@example.com Telephone: 01387 251876 (h) www.fifereferees.co.uk e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Glasgow Stirlingshire Gerry Durning, 30 Kilmore Crescent, Wes Boulstridge, “Dunottar”, 3 Paris Glasgow, G15 8AP. Avenue, Denny, FK6 5AB. Telephone: 0141 944 6362 (h) Telephone: 01324 823190 (h) e-mail: email@example.com e-mail: www. glasgowreferees.co.uk firstname.lastname@example.org www.sfar-stirlingshire.co.uk26 The NATIONAL Player Pathway: 11v11s Ages 13-16.
ContactsScottish Youth FA Scottish FA RegionsScottish Youth FA (SYFA) ScottishFA North RegionChief Executive David Little Regional Manager Graeme SutherlandHampden Park, Glasgow G42 9BF Office Details:0141 620 4590 Elgin Community Centre, Elgine-mail: email@example.com e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Telephone: 01343 540101SYFA Central Region ScottishFA West RegionSecretary Jim Dolan Regional Manager Paul McNeillTelephone: 01698 400920 (h) Office Details: KGV Centre, Renfrew07887 774082 (m) e-mail: email@example.com: firstname.lastname@example.org Telephone: 0141 886 7366SYFA East Region ScottishFA South West RegionSecretary Hugh McGregor Regional Manager John BrownTelephone: 01383 734002 (h) Office Details:07971 296579 (m) Magnum Leisure Centre, Irvinee-mail: email@example.com e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Telephone: 01294 317430SYFA North RegionSecretary Neil Paterson ScottishFA East RegionTelephone: 01224 897897 (h) Regional Manager Ian Lowe07792 768657 (m) Office Details:e-mail: email@example.com Lynch Sports Centre, Dundee e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.orgSYFA South East Region Telephone: 01382 431829Secretary Allan ArchibaldTelephone: 0131 334 0135 ScottishFA Central Regione-mail: email@example.com Regional Manager Andrew Gilchrist Office Details: University of StirlingSYFA South West Region e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.orgSecretary Lynn McBride Telephone: 01786 467165Telephone: 01292 479768e-mail: email@example.com ScottishFA South East Region Regional Manager David DrummondSYFA West Region Office Details:Secretary Jim Smith University of Edinburgh,Telephone: 0141 764 3663 (h) McArthur Pavilion, Peffermill Road07891 373222 (m) e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org: email@example.com Telephone: 0131 667 8245 27
R COMMUNITY PARTNER Is YOUR club interested in... • Becoming more successful on and off the park? • Raising its profile at local and national level? • Resources to increase Coach Education and First Aid? • Visits by Scottish FA coaches and staff to develop your young players and volunteers? If the answer to any of the above questions is ‘YES’ then join the growing number of clubs who are committed to partnership working with the Scottish FA and are now reaping the rewards of the SCOTTISH FA QUALITY MARK AWARD, supported by McDonald’s For further information please contact your Regional Manager. See previous page for details. Or visit our website. www.scottishfa.co.uk
now Check out the new e downloadable coaching lin resource from the Scottish FA...on FOR EVERY COACH • FOR EVERY PLAYER A NEW resource for all football coaches. Activities that will enable you to guide all players, irrespective of age or ability, with quality sessions at the click of a mouse. Go to our website and select the appropriate stage to find relevant material for your age range. www.scottishfa.co.uk/developingtalent THE SCOTTISH FOOTBALL ASSOCIATION
Developed from the original programme created by Positive Coaching Alliance.Positive Coaching ScotlandCREATING APOSITIVE YOUTHFOOTBALL CULTUREBETTER PLAYERS BETTER PEOPLEwww.scottishfa.co.uk/positivecoaching @ScottishFA_PCS