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Northumbria University PGR conference 2016 (20 Jun)

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Update on research direction and design

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Northumbria University PGR conference 2016 (20 Jun)

  1. 1. an ecology of cyclingprotected cycleways: power, politics and public perception Katja Leyendecker PhD researcher Northumbria University EE-ABE PGR CONFERENCE 2016
  2. 2. Why bother with cycling? Cycling is… • Good for the environment • Good for personal health and wellbeing • Good for the local economy • Good for community and neighbourhoods • Good for the individual’s pocket • Good for public purse Cycling addresses big needs of today: climate change / carbon emission reduction public health / obesity environmental sustainability social, economic and environmental justice
  3. 3. What cycling? Photocredit right@amsterdamize left@carltonreid
  4. 4. Socio-ecological model Barton & Grant (2006)
  5. 5. What’s needed? No city in Europe or North America has achieved high level of cycling without an extensive network of well-integrated bike lanes and paths that provide separation from motor vehicle traffic. […] Separate cycling facilities are a crucial first step towards increasing cycling and making it socially inclusive. Pucher & Buehler (2012:351) It is clear from our research that most non-cyclists and recreational cyclists will only consider cycling regularly if they are segregated from [motor vehicle] traffic Pooley et al (2013:176)
  6. 6. Why has it not happened? Academia highlights the stranded system Some select voices: • Dominant: socio-technical system of automobility (Urry, 2005) • Over decades, we have been concentrating on the individual too much and ‘forgot’ systemic issues (Spotswood et al, 2015) • Dynamics of neoliberal politics (Harvey, 2005)
  7. 7. My research
  8. 8. Framework Jensen (2013)
  9. 9. Operationalised framework Jensen (2013) Investigation I Document assessment Discourse of transport policies Investigation III Interviews with street users Investigation II Street observations and assessment of secondary datasets
  10. 10. Investigation I Document analysis of relevant current policy NewcastleGateshead, UK Local Plan (2015) Local Transport Plan (2010) Bremen, Germany Transport plan (Verkehrsentwicklungsplan) (2014)
  11. 11. Investigation II Observation and interrogation of secondary datasets NewcastleGateshead Bremen ___________________________________________________________________ Population 490,000 550,000 Density person/km 2,000 1,700 Source: Wikipedia Map source: openstreetmap.org
  12. 12. Investigation III Stage 1 15 min think-aloud (Ericsson & Simon, 1993) Commentary on videos showing typical cycling infrastructure • NewcastleGateshead • Bremen • Copenhagen/Amsterdam >Transcribe >> Analyse for themes/narratives Interviews Stage 2 45 min semi-structured Uncover structural stories (Freudendal-Pedersen, 2009) Challenge perceptions >Transcribe >> Analyse for themes/narratives
  13. 13. Putting it back together Jensen (2013) Investigation I Document assessment Discourse of transport policies Investigation III Interviews with street users Investigation II Street observations and assessment of secondary datasets
  14. 14. Putting it back together Jensen (2013) Investigation I Document assessment Discourse of transport policies Investigation III Interviews with street users Investigation II Street observations and assessment of secondary datasets
  15. 15. Thank you Email katja.leyendecker@northumbria.ac.uk Blog https://katsdekker.wordpress.com/ Twitter @katsdekker
  16. 16. References • Barton, H., & Grant, M. (2006). A health map for the local human habitat. Journal of The Royal Society for the Promotion of Health, 126(6), 252-253. doi:10.1177/1466424006070466 • Ericsson, K. A., & Simon, H. A. (1993). Protocol Analysis: verbal reports as data - Please think aloud. Massachusetts: MIT Press. • Freudendal-Pedersen, M. (2009). Mobility in daily life: between freedom and unfreedom. Burlington, VT: Ashgate. • Harvey, D. (2005). A brief history of neoliberalism. Oxford: Oxford University Press. • Jensen, O. B. (2013). Staging mobilities: Routledge. • Pooley, C. G. et al. (2013). Promoting Walking and Cycling : New Perspectives on Sustainable Travel. Bristol: Policy Press. • Pucher, J. R., & Buehler, R. (2012). City cycling: MIT Press. • Spotswood, F. et al. (2015). Analysing cycling as a social practice: An empirical grounding for behaviour change. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 29, 22-33. doi:10.1016/j.trf.2014.12.001 • Urry, J. (2005). The Systems of Mobility. Cahiers Internationaux de Sociologie, 118, 23-35.
  17. 17. Northumbria University webpage Comparing urban space perception in two cities, Newcastle, UK, and Bremen, Germany – in particular regard to cycling infrastructure The lack of infrastructure and the associated safety concerns are cited as the main reason for people abstaining from cycling for utility and transport in urban areas in the UK (for example, Pooley et al, 2013, Pucher & Buehler 2012). It is argued that, to increase cycling numbers, the urban environment will have to be adapted to be more conducive and inviting to cycling. By comparing two cities in different European countries and focussing on how non-cycling or occasionally-cycling users perceive cycling spaces, this research will contribute to the debates surrounding how urban traffic spaces are viewed, conceptualised and negotiated. By gaining more knowledge about the public’s perception of urban cycling space it is possible to inform policy and decision-making processes. Research Supervisors • Dr Seraphim Alvanides • Prof Ruth Dalton Key Publications Conference involvement at RGS conferences, Cycling and Society conference, Newcastle’s Active City Cycle City, Women and Cycling Forum (Scotland, and England) https://www.northumbria.ac.uk/study-at-northumbria/our-students/student-profiles/l/katja-leyendecker/

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