Representation 2


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Representation 2

  1. 1. TV Drama RevisionRepresentation StarterListen to ‘Geezers need excitement’. Cross gender (taking on a male role if you’re female) and visa versa. Note down every reference to your new gender to analyse the representation of males and females.
  2. 2. TV Drama RevisionRepresentation:• What kind of realism is being attempted by the programme?• Who is being represented in the drama (who is present), and how?• Is there a dominant ideology (world-view) being presented?• What cinematic techniques convey these representations?
  3. 3. Mark Scheme• Analysis• Use of Examples• Use of Terminology• MUST comment on all 4 areas: Mise en Scene, Editing, Camerawork, Sound.
  4. 4. Representation• Areas of representation that you could be asked to comment on will be chosen from the following:• Gender• Age• Ethnicity• Sexuality• Social Class• Physical ability / disability• Regional identity
  5. 5. Camerawork• Movement = pan, tilt, track, zoom• Angle = high, low, close up• Shots = establishing, POV, over the shoulder
  6. 6. Mise en scene• Location, set, props, costume, lighting, colour design
  7. 7. Sound• Asynchronous, synchronous, sound effects, dialogue, voiceover, theme tune, diegetic, non-diegetic, sound bridge.....
  8. 8. Editing TRANSITION OF IMAGE AND SOUND• Cutting, dissolve, jump cut, match on action, slow motion, long take, short take, eyeline match, wipe, insert, montage, crosscutting• What would you say about the editing in this clip?• wIco
  9. 9. Spooks Editing• Long take coupled with close ups and mysterious breathy/ monotone music (creates intrigue, sense of danger.)• Audio changes to add organ/ choir music (sense of fate, death, associated with spiritual realm)• Long tracking take to establish location and give a sense that someone is watching/ following• Quick shots/ short takes of watch, hand, movement – suggests panic intercut with long scenes of Ruth watching – suggests perhaps she’s the victim?• Eyeline match suggests they are linked.• Audio building up (volume increases) adds haunting sense suggests death is near...
  10. 10. How to take notes....• Divide into four and then split into two• Write while you watch.........• z4• Our observation round on ‘Waterloo Road’• 2/practice-quaestion.html
  11. 11. Observation Round1. What colour was the vase that was shot?2. What colour was the lampshade?3. What camera angle followed Janeece down the hall?4. What was Maxine wearing on her legs?5. What does Earl say when he’s stroking Maxine’s hair?6. Maxine says “everything you touch gets....”7. What camera angle is used directly after Maxine has been shot?8. How many fences does Earl jump over?9. How many blue cars are shown at school?10. How many police cars are at the scene?
  12. 12. 1. White2. Gold and maroon3. High angle4. Long white socks5. I’d do anything for you6. Poisoned and twisted7. ECU on eyes8. Three9. Four
  13. 13. Cranford• Analyse the representation of class: rd-extractHow is the representation of class constructed in the extract?What affects the representation of class? (accent, clothes, lighting, props, camera angles)
  14. 14. Monarch of the Glen – Representation of age• arch-of-the-glen
  15. 15. Editing – examiners reportThis proved to be the most problematic for candidates and the one technical area of analysis that was often omitted in candidate’s answers. Most candidates who addressed editing were able to address the type of transitions used and could comment on the pace of the editing.Weaker candidates often omitted any discussion of editing or offered quite simplistic accounts of how editing was used, for example in the use of quick succession cuts and short takes when the community takes apart the fishing hut at the end of the sequence. More able candidates could analyse technical issues of editing by way of analysis of the ellipsis, accounting for how the extract collapsed a series of events, for example, in explaining the narrative to represent Amy as a ‘troubled’ teenager who had no option left but to run away from school and then the home of Paul McDonald; then candidates were then able to comment on pacing, the use of continuity, most often through the shot reverse shot compositions in the extract and some through the use of sound as well. These candidates cleverly discussed how soundbridges were constructedthrough the use of non-diegetic music in the representation of age, for example, the stringed mood music representing the gloomy prospect that Amy faces, or the
  16. 16. How to Revise....• ry/representation/• Watch any 5 min extract from TV Dramas you like and particularly ones you don’t• Identify terminology• Identify comments to make on all 4 areas• Choose an area of representation and practise, practise, practise......