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  1. 1. RepresentationAims/Objectives of today’s lesson: To add to knowledge of representation in analysing various readings of characters and settings
  2. 2. RepresentationBy definition, all media texts are re-presentations of reality.This means that they are intentionally composed, lit, written,framed, cropped, captioned, branded, targeted and censoredby their producers, and that they are entirely artificial versionsof the reality we perceive around us.When studying the media it is vital to remember this - everymedia form, from a dvd to a glossy magazine, is arepresentation of someones concept of existence, codified intoa series of signs and symbols which can be read by anaudience. However, it is important to note that without themedia, our perception of reality would be very limited, and thatwe, as an audience, need these artificial texts to mediate ourview of the world, in other words we need the media to makesense of reality.Egs. News, Music
  3. 3. Representation Every time we encounter a media text, we are not seeing reality, but someones version of it. This may seem like an obvious point, but it is something that is easily forgotten when we get caught up in enjoying a text. The media place us at one remove from reality: they take something that is real, a person or an event and they change its form to produce whatever text we end up with. This is called mediation. What/Who is being represented? Communities, religions, families, or individual representations AND who is not? CAGES (class, age, gender, ethnicity, sexuality)
  4. 4. In groups discuss about the various representations in the media of the following event, person or places: What images come to mind and what words would you use to describe them? Representation = image + point of view? New York Football fans AscotHow about a representation you’re very familiar with – the teenager.What words would you use to describe media representations of the teenager?Have a look at the following media image representations of teenagers….
  5. 5. Teenage representations
  6. 6. Are you emo, goth, chav or trendy?
  7. 7. When considering representation it is important to consider these points: Is the representation based on reality? Or are stereotypes relied on? Does the way certain groups are represented alter how audiences think of them? Eg asylum seekers, travellers To what degree will the representation of certain groups be accepted by the audience?The picture on the right is of Tony Soprano from TheSopranos, an American drama series about modernday mafia members in New Jersey. Some Italian-Americans have complained that this programmerepresents all Italian-Americans as being criminalswho are violent and corrupt. They say that thiscreates an unfair impression of their community.
  8. 8. What is a TV Drama? useful links: A look at different representations of Asian Americans on TV ... AAS Asian American Representation in Lost and other ...
  9. 9. TV DRAMA Dramatic programming is television content that is scripted and (normally) fictional. This excludes, for example, sports, news, reality and game shows, stand-up comedy and variety shows. Also, by convention, the term is not generally usually used for situation comedy or soap opera. Most dramatic programming for TV falls within other standard categories such as miniseries, made-for-TV movies or certain rather circumscribed dramatic genres.
  10. 10. With reference to specificexamples from the following extract, discuss the way itconstructs representations ofgender and ethnic minorities.
  11. 11. ABOUT THE SHOW Awarded the 2005 Emmy and 2006 Golden Globe for Best Drama Series, "Lost" returns for the second act of its third season of action-packed mystery and adventure -- that will continue to bring out the very best and the very worst in the people who are lost.After Oceanic Air flight 815 tore apart in mid-air and crashed on a Pacific island, its survivors were forced to find inner strength they never knew they had in order to survive. But they discovered that the island holds many secrets, including a mysterious smoke monster, polar bears, a strange French woman and another group of island residents known as "The Others.“
  12. 12. Representation of Muslims 81% of British Muslims think the War on Terror is a war on Islam. 91% think the War on Terror has increased the threat of terrorism in Britain. . Thirty six Justice bills, six anti-terror bills and five asylum and immigration bills have been introduced in Britain since 1997. Many young Muslims feel this legislation is aimed directly at them. A Populous survey in June 2006 found that 50% of British Muslims aged 18-24 feel that Britains laws are applied unfairly to the Muslim community.
  13. 13. The StoryRiz Ahmed and Manjinder Virk play brother and sister Sohail and Nasima. Sohailis an ambitious law undergraduate who signs up with MI5 and, eager to play a partin protecting British security, begins an investigation into a terrorist cell.His sister Nasima is a medical student in Leeds who becomes increasinglyalienated and angered by Britains foreign and domestic policy after witnessing atfirst hand the relentless targeting of her Muslim neighbours and peers. With actionset in Pakistan, Eastern Europe, London and Leeds, both feature-length episodesdetail a tragic sequence of events from two distinct perspectives. At the heart ofthis thought-provoking drama is a revealing examination of British Muslim life undercurrent anti-terror legislation. Britz ultimately asks whether the laws we think aremaking us safer, are actually putting us in greater danger.