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Chapter4

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Chapter4

  1. 1. Larry J. Siegel www.cengage.com/cj/siegel Chapter Four Choice Theory: Because They Want ToValerie Bell • University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH
  2. 2. Choice Theory: Because They Want To• Development of Rational Choice Theory – Classical Criminology – Thinking About Crime • James Q. Wilson
  3. 3. Choice Theory: Because They Want To• Concepts of Rational Choice – Evaluating the Risks of Crime – Offense-Specific Crime – Offender-Specific Crime
  4. 4. Choice Theory: Because They Want To• Concepts of Rational Choice – Structuring Criminality • Economic need/opportunity • Evaluating personal traits and experience • Criminal expertise
  5. 5. Choice Theory: Because They Want To• Concepts of Rational Choice – Structuring Crime • Choosing the place of crime • Choosing targets
  6. 6. Choice Theory: Because They Want To• Is Crime Rational? – Is theft rational? – Is drug use rational? – Can violence be rational?
  7. 7. Choice Theory: Because They Want To• Why Do People Commit Crime? – Edgework – Seductions of crime
  8. 8. Choice Theory: Because They Want To• Controlling Crime – Situational Crime Prevention • Criminal acts will be avoided if: – potential targets are carefully guarded – the means to commit crime are controlled – potential offenders are carefully monitored
  9. 9. Choice Theory: Because They Want To• Controlling Crime – Crime Prevention Strategies • Increase the effort needed to commit crime • Increase the risk of committing crime • Reduce rewards of crime • Induce guilt: increase crime • Reduce provocation • Remove excuses
  10. 10. Choice Theory: Because They Want To• Controlling Crime – The Costs and Benefits of Situational Crime Prevention • Hidden benefits • Hidden costs
  11. 11. Choice Theory: Because They Want To• General Deterrence – Perception and Deterrence – Certainty of Punishment • Police and Certainty of Punishment – Severity of Punishment – Swiftness of Punishment • Interrelationship of factors
  12. 12. Choice Theory: Because They Want To• General Deterrence – Critique of General Deterrence • Rationality • System effectiveness • Some offenders – and some crimes – are more “deterrable” than others
  13. 13. Choice Theory: Because They Want To• Specific Deterrence – The view that criminal sanctions should be so powerful that offenders will never repeat their criminal acts.
  14. 14. Choice Theory: Because They Want To• Incapacitation – Incapacitation Effect • Incarceration • Recidivism – Can Incapacitation Reduce Crime?
  15. 15. Choice Theory: Because They Want To• Can Incapacitation Reduce Crime? – Incapacitation Effect • Incarceration • Recidivism
  16. 16. Choice Theory: Because They Want To• Policy Implications of Choice Theory – Highly Visible Police Patrols – “Three Strikes and You’re Out” – Death Penalty

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