Chapter 5 Trait Theory

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  • Learning Objective 1. Be familiar with the development of trait theory.
  • Learning Objective 2. Discuss some of the biochemical conditions that have been associated with crime.
  • Learning Objective 3. Understand the linkage between aggression and neurophysiological makeup.
  • Learning Objective 4. Link genetics to crime.
  • Learning Objective 5. Explain the evolutionary view of crime.
  • Learning Objective 5. Explain the evolutionary view of crime.
  • Learning Objective 6. Discuss the elements of the psychodynamic perspective.
  • Learning Objective 7. Link behavioral theory to crime.
  • Learning Objective 8. Show why aggressive behavior may reflect cognitive processes.
  • Learning Objective 9. Discuss the elements of personality that are related to crime.
  • Learning Objective 10. Be aware of the controversy over the association between intelligence and crime.
  • Learning Objective 11. Discuss the association between mental disorders and crime.
  • Chapter 5 Trait Theory

    1. 1. Larry J. Siegel www.cengage.com/cj/siegel Chapter Five Trait TheoryValerie Bell • University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH
    2. 2. Trait Theory• Development of Trait Theory – Trait Theory • The view that criminality is a product of abnormal biological or psychological traits. – Sociobiology • The view that human behavior is motivated by inborn biological urges to survive and preserve the species. – Contemporary Trait Theory
    3. 3. Trait Theory• Biological Trait Theories – Biochemical Conditions and Crime • Diet • Hypoglycemia • Hormonal influences – Androgen – Testosterone • Premenstrual syndrome • Lead exposure • Environmental contaminants
    4. 4. Trait Theory• Biological Trait Theories – Neurophysiological Conditions and Crime • Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder • Brain Chemistry – Neurotransmitters • Arousal Theory
    5. 5. Trait Theory• Biological Trait Theories – Genetics and Crime • Parental deviance • Adoption studies • Twin Behavior – Monozygotic twins – Dizygotic twins
    6. 6. Trait Theory• Evolutionary Views of Crime – The Evolution of Gender and Crime • Survival of the gene pool
    7. 7. Trait Theory• Evaluation of the Biological Branch of Trait Theory – Problems • Explaining geographic, social, and temporal patterns in the crime rate • Explaining existence of crime across differing individuals
    8. 8. Trait Theory• The Psychological Trait View – The Psychodynamic Perspective • Id • Ego • Superego – Attachment Theory
    9. 9. Trait Theory• The Behavioral Perspective: Social Learning Theory – Behavior Modeling • Family interactions • Environmental experiences • Mass media – Social learning
    10. 10. Trait Theory• Cognitive Theory – Information Processing Theory • Mental perception • Faulty reasoning
    11. 11. Trait Theory• Personality and Crime – Hans Eysenck • Psychoticism, Extraversion, Neuroticism • Extreme extroverts or introverts at risk for antisocial behavior – Psychopathic Personality • Antisocial personality
    12. 12. Trait Theory• Intelligence and Crime – Nature Theory – Nurture Theory – IQ and Criminality
    13. 13. Trait Theory• Mental Disorders and Crime – Crime and Mental Illness • Mood disorder • Oppositional defiant disorder • Schizophrenia • Bipolar disorder
    14. 14. Trait Theory• Social Policy and Trait Theory – Primary Prevention Programs • Seek to treat personal problems before they manifest as crime – Secondary Prevention Programs • Provide treatment to youths and adults after they have violated the law

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