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Motives for Participation in FLOSS Communities

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I conducted a survey about motives and factors that encourage individuals to voluntary participate in FLOSS communities - communities which support free/ libre/ open-source software or the related philosophy and movement. In my talk at Webcamp Ljubljana I presented the main principles of FLOSS, my experience as a participant in FLOSS movement and cruicial findings of my research.

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Motives for Participation in FLOSS Communities

  1. 1. 1 / 50 Motives for Participation in FLOSS Communities Katja Guček @KatjaG
  2. 2. 2 / 50 ? Free / Libre / Open-Source Software
  3. 3. 3 / 50 Free Software and movements beyond the code The main principles
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  27. 27. 27 / 50 Research question: „What are the main motives that lead individuals to voluntarily participate in FLOSS communities?“
  28. 28. 28 / 50 Target population and criteria: ● voluntary participation ● various spectrum of FLOSS projects ● any type of activities or tasks
  29. 29. 29 / 50 Online survey ● 3.295 clicks on the survey ● 605 partly completed questionnaires ● 484 completed questionnaires
  30. 30. 30 / 50 Population
  31. 31. 31 / 50 Population
  32. 32. 32 / 50 Population Duration of contributing: 84% for 1-15 years or more Time dedicated to contributing: 75% 1 - 10 hours/ week almost 25% 1 - 40 hours/ week
  33. 33. 33 / 50 Demography Gender: 87% male 10% female
  34. 34. 34 / 50 Demography Education level: 70% bachelor's, masters, PhD | 24% high school
  35. 35. 35 / 50 Demography
  36. 36. 36 / 50 Demography
  37. 37. 37 / 50 Motivation categories 1. Internal motivators 2. External motivators
  38. 38. 38 / 50 1. Internal motivators: 1.1 Intrinsic motivation, self-determination 1.2 Altruism 1.3 Community
  39. 39. 39 / 50 1. Internal motivators: 1.1 Intrinsic motivation, self-determination 1.2 Altruism 1.3 Community
  40. 40. 40 / 50 1.1 Intrinsic motivation, self-determination - joy, enjoyment, satisfaction, accomplishment, fulfilment, happiness - fun! - challenge - feeling of competence and effectiveness - expressing creativity, create and invent - personal friendships - getting to know how technologies work
  41. 41. 41 / 50 1.2 Altruism - helping others - sharing knowledge and experience - giving back to the community as a user - benefits for the public good - contributing to transformation of technologies and society in general
  42. 42. 42 / 50 1.3 Community - being part of a community - belonging, acceptance, connection, happiness - expressing ideas and opinions - being heard, valued, included - events
  43. 43. 43 / 50 Motivation categories 1. Internal motivators 2. External motivators
  44. 44. 44 / 50 2. External motivators 2.1 Future rewards 2.2 Personal needs
  45. 45. 45 / 50 2.1 Future rewards a) Career and job opportunities - looking for job opportunities - better job opportunities and enhancement of my career b) Monetary rewards “I wish to be paid for this kind of work in the future.”
  46. 46. 46 / 50 2.1 Future rewards c) Human capital, self-development - new knowledge, skills and experiences - need skills and knowledge I gain in the community for my job - peer recognition - building & widening network of peers - socialising & creating with like-minded & inspiring people
  47. 47. 47 / 50 2.1 Future rewards d) Self-marketing, reputation-building - building reputation, self-promotion, becoming more marketable
  48. 48. 48 / 50 2. External motivators 2.1 Future rewards 2.2 Personal needs - modifying technologies or creating new solutions for myself - contributing to better products and solutions; creating, experimenting
  49. 49. 49 / 50 Results / Conclusions
  50. 50. 50 / 50 Questions, feedback? Contact me: katja.gucek@gmail.com https://www.linkedin.com/in/katjagucek/ Twitter: @KatjaG Thesis online (Slo. language): http://www.cobiss.si/ Direct link: http://dk.fdv.uni-lj.si/diplomska/pdfs/gucek-katja.pdf Guček, Katja. 2016. Motivi za participacijo v FLOSS (free/libre/open-source software) skupnostih. Ljubljana: Fakulteta za družbene vede.

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