The Nile River


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The Nile River

  1. 1. The Nile River By Katarina Ewasiuk
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>I did the my Ancient Egypt Project on the Nile River because I enjoy water. I also did it because I wanted to learn about how the Nile effected the lives of the ancient Egyptians. </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is the Nile? <ul><li>-The Nile river is the longest river in the world </li></ul><ul><li>-The Nile gets its name from the Greek word “Nelios”, meaning River Valley </li></ul><ul><li>-It is about 4,000 miles long </li></ul>
  4. 4. Where is it? <ul><li>-The Nile and its tributaries, the White Nile, and the Blue Nile, run through nine countries </li></ul><ul><li>The White Nile flows through Uganda, Sudan and Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>The Blue Nile flows through Ethiopia. Zaire, Kenya, Tanzanian, Rwanda, and Burundi </li></ul>
  5. 5. Where is the source of the Nile River? <ul><li>-Lake Victoria, which is Africa’s biggest lake, is thought to be the main source of the Nile </li></ul><ul><li>-On the northern end of the, water is poured over a small waterfall called Rippon Falls </li></ul><ul><li>-This water falls into a small canal which is the beginning of the Nile River </li></ul>
  6. 6. The true source of the Nile <ul><li>-Though Rippon Falls is the starting point of the Nile River, there are many small streams that empty into Lake Victoria </li></ul><ul><li>-The largest tributary of Lake Victoria is the Kagera river </li></ul><ul><li>-It is from the Kagera river that the Nile is measured the world’s longest river </li></ul>
  7. 7. Why did the Egyptians live by the Nile? <ul><li>-The Nile provided food such as fish, and water </li></ul><ul><li>-Because of it’s annual flooding, the Nile also enriched the surrounding soil with rich nutrients, making the soil very fertile </li></ul>
  8. 8. Papyrus Reeds <ul><li>-Papyrus reeds grew along side the Nile and were used to make boats </li></ul><ul><li>-Paper was also made from papyrus </li></ul><ul><li>-The papyrus boats were also useful for trade, for they were the fastest form of transportation </li></ul>
  9. 9. Fishing and Hunting <ul><li>-The Egyptians would use nets and spears to catch fish along the Nile </li></ul><ul><li>-They also used nets to catch birds which flew close along the water’s surface </li></ul>
  10. 10. Flooding <ul><li>-The River Nile flooded every year between June and September </li></ul><ul><li>-Melting snow and heavy summer rain in the Ethiopian Mountains sent lots of water to the banks of the Nile River in Egypt to overflow on the flat dessert land </li></ul><ul><li>-The Nile does not flood today, due to the Aswan Dam that was built in the 1970’s. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Fun Facts  <ul><li>-Although often associated with Egypt, only 22% of the Nile River flows through Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>-Its average discharge 3.1 million (680,000) gallons of water per second </li></ul><ul><li>-The Ancient Egyptians called the river Ar or Aur, meaning black, because of the colour of the sediment left after the river’s annual flood </li></ul>
  12. 12. Conclusion <ul><li>The Nile River is still a very important part of Modern day Egypt. Even though we now have many resources natural and artificial, we should still use these resources sparingly and carefully because without them, we don’t have much else to depend on. </li></ul>