How do I Identify Theme? (Strategies) Part 2 Ms. Vanko


Published on

Published in: Education, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

How do I Identify Theme? (Strategies) Part 2 Ms. Vanko

  1. 1. TOPIC: Language Arts/Literature PART 2: EQ: How Do I Identify and Analyze Theme?
  2. 2. A theme is a truth about life that you while reading. When you are asked to identify and analyze the theme of a work, you will need to: 1)Make inferences 2)trace causes and effects in the story make generalizations 3)
  3. 3. 1) Making Inferences About Stories! *Use Story Clues Combine your own experience with the clues in a story to help you make an inference, or educated guess, about the story’s theme.
  4. 4. To make inferences, ask yourself these questions: • Has the main character changed during the story? • Does the story’s title reveal anything important? • Which scenes or events seem most significant? The lessons that a character learns can be a clue to the theme. Some titles give more clues about plot than about theme. What ideas about life do they suggest?
  5. 5. Study Characters too! Take Notes As you read, take notes about: •characters’ comments and actions •ideas that seem important What—if anything—does the main character learn?
  6. 6. 2) Identifying Cause and Effect in Stories can Help you find THEME! Experience tells us that one thing leads to another. A cause is an event that makes something happen. An effect is what happens as a result.
  7. 7. To help you identify causes and effects, ask these questions as you read: • Why did this happen? • What happened because of this event?
  8. 8. Identifying Cause and Effect As you read, look for words that signal cause and effect, such as
  9. 9. Identifying Cause and Effect Tracing Cause and Effect Sometimes one cause in a story will have many effects.
  10. 10. What is a casual chain ? In other stories, one event triggers a causal chain. Each event causes another event, like dominoes falling in a row.
  11. 11. Finding the Theme Say It Your Way Once you figure out the theme, you’ll need to say it in your own words. • Is this really how people are? • How could I put this view of life into words?
  12. 12. Finding the Theme Be sure to express the theme as a complete sentence—not a word or phrase. Greed is a subject. Some things in life are more important than money. is a theme.
  14. 14. Finding the Theme Remember: A theme can be stated in different ways. Some things in life are more important than money. A story can have more than one theme. Be careful what you wish for— you just might get it. Greed can blind a person to the important things in life. Sometimes we don’t appreciate what we have until it’s taken from us.
  15. 15. Finding the Theme Quick Check Decide whether each item states a plot, a subject, or a theme. 1. A family travels to Alabama and faces hardships along the way. 2. Prejudice 3. Facing your fears is the only way to overcome them. 4. Happiness can be found in the joys of ordinary life. [End of Section]
  16. 16. Identifying Cause and Effect These events are a causal chain.
  17. 17. Making Generalizations A generalization is a broad statement that covers several situations—that tells about something in general. For example, if you read a lot of mystery novels, you could make generalizations about them: Generalizations about Mystery Novels 1. Mystery novels are book-length works. 2. The main character is usually a detective or other crime-solver. 3. The writer gives many clues but does not make it easy for the reader to solve the mystery.
  18. 18. Making Generalizations Be careful of making generalizations without enough information. Base your generalizations on multiple experiences—on all the facts you can get. If you read just two mystery novels and made the generalization “All mystery novels are set in London,” you would be incorrect.
  19. 19. Making Generalizations The generalizations you make while reading can help point you to a work’s theme. Ask yourself what general ideas the events of the story suggest. Why might stating a theme also be a kind of generalization? A theme expresses something that applies to real life in general —not just to a particular work of literature.
  20. 20. Making Generalizations Quick Check 1. Arachne boasts that she is a better weaver than the goddess Athena. Athena turns Arachne into a spider. 2. Sisyphus tricks Hades, the god of the Underworld, and Hades forces him to spend eternity pushing a huge rock up a steep hill. 3. When Prometheus steals fire from Zeus, Zeus has him chained to a rock, where an eagle constantly eats his liver. Based on these events from Greek mythology, what generalization can you make about the Greek gods and goddesses? [End of Section]
  21. 21. How Do I Identify and Analyze Theme? Your Turn 1. List two strategies that can help you find the theme of a story. 2. Create a chart that identifies cause-and-effect relationships in the following scenario: You sleep through your alarm, are late for school, miss a test in English, stay after school to take the test, and miss a chance to see a movie with friends. 3. Based on the scenario in number 2 and your own knowledge and experiences, what generalization can you make about oversleeping?
  22. 22. The End