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Chapter 9 history part 1 quran, sunnah, first pillar

Sunnah and Quran notes

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Chapter 9 history part 1 quran, sunnah, first pillar

  1. 1. Chapter 9 History: Topic: The Five Pillars of Islam Essential Question 1: What is the difference between the Qur’an and the Sunnah?
  2. 2. In the Qur’an… • God describes laws, teachings (“The straight path”) • People are guided in life • There are passages that Muhammad and followers recited – The words he says in the Qur’an were believed to come from Angel Gabriel • Arabic is used
  3. 3. Other interesting facts about the Qur’an: • Muslims do not allow their holy book to touch the ground or get dirty • Most Muslims memorize a lot of Qur’an verses in Arabic • QUR’AN WORDS= GUIDE TO MUSLIM LIFE
  4. 4. What is the Sunnah? • Sunnah= practice of religion – The example that Muhammad set for Muslims during his life (It could be like a precedent or guide for Muslims) • EXAMPLES: Muhammad told Muslims to be sure to not let others go hungry • Children must honor parents
  5. 5. *After Muhammad died, thousands of stories were researched about him and his journeys throughout Muslim lands • The stories that Muslims though to be true were placed into a collection called hadith • Muslims think hadith sets an example for them for living life
  6. 6. Part 2 EQ : What are the five Pillars of Islam? • FIRST PILLAR: • Shahadah  = profession or declaration of faith • When Muslims state belief in one God (Allah) – “There is no god but God, and Muhammad is the messenger of God.” • Shahadah also means that Muslims submit to God, making him the center of life • This pillar follows them from birth to death. Kids learn prayers that they recite • Muslims believe in a day of judgment – This who lived moral lives go to paradise, disbelievers go to…
  7. 7. What is the second pillar of Islam? • Salat= daily prayer • “Prayer is proof” of Islam • This pillar is about discipline, spirituality, and closeness to God • People called to pray 5 times a day • A crier called a muezzin chants to call everyone to pray from a minaret (tower)
  8. 8. Muslims pray in a holy temple called a mosque. • Before praying, Muslims go to fountains to wash hands, face, arms, feet (For purification) • Then, they form lines to enter prayer area • They follow prayer leader called Imam
  9. 9. • Worshippers face the qibla – (It is a mark on the wall that points towards Makkah) • Men and women stand in separate places • Imam starts chants with “Allahu akbar” • Muslims pray and kneel
  10. 10. The Third Pillar of Islam is Zakat! • Zakat is almsgiving (giving $, food to poor) • Zakat means “purification” • Muslims believe that by giving some materials away, they don’t become greedy • Muslims share 2.5 % of income/materials with poor
  11. 11. Zakat gives funding to… • Building fountains • Soup kitchens • Clothing, shelter for poor • Hospitals, orphanages • Stranded travelers • School fees for kids who can afford to go