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Reported Speech - Direct Speech

Reported Speech, Direct Speech, Indirect Speech, ESL, English, Grammar, Intermediate

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Reported Speech - Direct Speech

  1. 1. “HE SAID / SHE SAID” Reported Speech “I’m sick today.” She said she is sick today.
  2. 2. Discussion Questions
  3. 3. When would a person use ‘reported speech’?
  4. 4. Reported speech (aka: indirect speech) is commonly used in spoken conversations and in writing to report what others have said. When you want to report what someone else has said: We can use Direct Speech: “He said, ‘I love you’”. We can use Indirect Speech: “He said that he loved me.” Option 1 Option 2
  5. 5. Have you ever eavesdropped on a conversation? What do you do if you notice someone eavesdropping on you?
  6. 6. Can you ‘report’ back a news story that you heard or read recently?
  7. 7. Can you tell me about a conversation you had with your boss / colleague recently?
  8. 8. Can you talk about a conversation you recently had with a friend or family member?
  9. 9. Have you had to speak in a direct way to someone recently? What did you say?
  10. 10. Some reported speech examples…
  11. 11. So, what did her mother say exactly?
  12. 12. When people report back information, they usually use the word “Said” and “Asked”. Can you think of other words to use?
  13. 13. Alternatives to “Said” - admitted - Mentioned - told - explained - replied (that) - felt (that) - revealed - commanded
  14. 14. Alternatives to Asked - Requested - Wanted - inquired (whether) - questioned - begged - pleaded - interrogated
  15. 15. Reported Speech Quiz: Test your knowledge
  16. 16. In the reported speech sentence, which word is optional? “He said that it was raining outside.”
  17. 17. Mary: “Where is it” a) Mary said where is it. b) Mary asked where it was. c) Mary asked where was it.
  18. 18. Mary: “Where is it” a) Mary said where is it. b) Mary asked where it was. c) Mary asked where was it.
  19. 19. “I bought a motorbike last week.” Last week, he said he bought a motorbike ______ a) a week ago b) next week c) the week before
  20. 20. “I bought a motorbike last week.” Last week, he said he bought a motorbike ______ a) a week ago b) next week c) the week before
  21. 21. Which of these is usually required with reported YES/NO questions? a) if b) do c) why
  22. 22. Which of these is usually required with reported YES/NO questions? a) if (or whether) b) do c) why He asked if I could help. He asked whether I could help.
  23. 23. Tom asked me what I did on the weekend. What were Tom’s exact words: a) “Did you do something on the weekend?” b) “What did you do on the weekend?” c) “What did you do last weekend?”
  24. 24. Tom asked me what I did on the weekend. What were Tom’s exact words: a) “Did you do something on the weekend?” b) “What did you do on the weekend?” c) “What did you do last weekend?”
  25. 25. “Come to my office.” is a…. a) Direct order b) Direct request c) Reported order
  26. 26. “Come to my office.” is a…. a) Direct order b) Direct request c) Reported order
  27. 27. “Turn down your music.” said her boss. Can you make this into a Reported Or
  28. 28. “Turn down your music.” said her boss. Can you make this into a Reported Or Her boss told her to turn down her music. demanded she instructed her to commanded her to ordered her to
  29. 29. “Please wipe your feet.” I asked them to… a) wipe their feet please. b) wipe your feet please. c) wipe their feet.
  30. 30. “Please wipe your feet.” I asked them to… a) wipe their feet please. b) wipe your feet please. c) wipe their feet.
  31. 31. She always asks me not to be late. She always says… a) “Not to be late!” b) “Don’t be late.” c) “Please don’t be late.”
  32. 32. She always asks me not to be late. She always says… a) “Not to be late!” b) “Don’t be late.” c) “Please don’t be late.”
  33. 33. The Friend Quiz  How well do you know each other?  Answer the following questions  1) using the correct pronouns (she/he; his/her)  2) Reported Speech form: ex. “She said she had…”
  34. 34. When is your friend’s Birthday? *his/her birthday is ....
  35. 35. Where is your friend’s hometown?
  36. 36. How many years has your friend worked for their current company? “She/he told me that she/he has worked for her/his current company for ______ years “She/he said that she/he has worked for her/his current company for ______ years.” example response:
  37. 37. What’s your friend’s favorite color to wear?
  38. 38. Your friend asks you to pick them up their favorite f What food would you get?
  39. 39. If you invited your friend to do something, which activity would they prefer to do?: a) sit in a café and chat b) go shopping c) hang out at home and cook d) watch a movie at the cinema e) something else
  40. 40. Do you know what your friend’s biggest fear is?
  41. 41. Do you know the name of your friend’s ‘most challenging work colleague?
  42. 42. Do you know the name(s) of your friend’s sibling(s)?
  43. 43. Do you know your friend’s shoe size?
  44. 44. Watch the following video and report what happened.
  45. 45. 1. How long did Emma say she booked the deluxe suite? 3 Nights
  46. 46. Emma/She said she booked the deluxe suite for 3 nights. Emma said, “My name is Emma Wallace and I have booked the deluxe suite for 3 nights.” Reported Speech:
  47. 47. “What did Emma say to the receptionist when she couldn’t find her pen?”
  48. 48. Emma said, “Could I use your pen?” Emma asked the receptionist if she could use her pen. She asked her if she could use her pen. Reported Speech
  49. 49. What did the receptionist say when Emma asked what time breakfast was served?
  50. 50. The receptionist said, “Breakfast is serve from 7am to 9:30am in the restaurant.” The receptionist said that breakfast was served from 7am to 9:30am in the restaurant.” She: …replied that…responded that…answered that…told her that… Reported Speech
  51. 51. What special request did Emma ask for regarding her breakfast? Room Service, 11AM
  52. 52. Emma asked, “Would it be possible to ha room service later on. Let’s say, 11:30?” Emma asked if it were/would be possible to have room service at 11:30. She… requested to have… asked to Reported Speech
  53. 53. What was Emma’s final request to the receptionist?
  54. 54. Emma requested, “Could you take a photo of me here in the hotel? My fans will love it?” Emma asked the receptionist if she could take her photo in the hotel because her fans would love it. She wanted her (the receptionist) to take a Reported Speech
  55. 55. THE RULES OF REPORTING SPEECH Grammar Rules
  56. 56. Present statements  Past tense Am / Is  Was Do/Does  Did Have/has  Has Go  Went Will  Would Can  Could Want  Wanted Let’s Practice
  57. 57. John: “I’m going.”
  58. 58. John: “I’m going.” John said that he was going.
  59. 59. Jane: “He is tall.”
  60. 60. Jane: “He is tall.” Jane said that he was tall.
  61. 61. John: “I always do my work.”
  62. 62. John: “I always do my work.” John said that he always did his work.
  63. 63. Jane: “My boss doesn’t understand.”
  64. 64. Jane: “My boss doesn’t understand.” Jane said that her boss didn’t understand
  65. 65. John: “I have your email.”
  66. 66. John: “I have your email.” John said that he had my email.
  67. 67. Jane: “She has caught a terrible cold.”
  68. 68. Jane: “Mary has caught a terrible cold.” Jane said that Mary had caught a terrible cold.
  69. 69. John: I go to the gym on Sundays
  70. 70. John: I go to the gym on Sundays John said that we went to the gym on Sund
  71. 71. Jane: “I’ll call Dr. Smith.”
  72. 72. Jane: “I’ll call Dr. Smith.” Jane said she would call Dr. Smith.
  73. 73. John: “I can exceed the target.”
  74. 74. John: “I can exceed the target.” John said he could exceed the targ
  75. 75. Jane: “I want to be promoted.”
  76. 76. Jane: “I want to be promoted.” Jane said she wanted to be promoted
  77. 77. No Change to the Verb When direct speech uses the past tense we do not need to make a change:
  78. 78. John: “I broke my arm.”
  79. 79. John: “I broke my arm.” John said he broke his arm.
  80. 80. Jane: “I forgot to call you!”
  81. 81. Jane: “I forgot to call you!” Jane said she forgot to call me.
  82. 82. Reported Speech for Questions This type of question is reported by using 'ask' + 'if / whether' + clause: Yes/No Questions: Question Words: This type of question is reported by using 'ask' (or another verb like 'ask') + question word + clause. The clause contains the question, in normal word order and with the necessary tense change.
  83. 83. John: “Where does Jane live?”
  84. 84. John: “Where does Jane live?” John asked him where Jane lived.
  85. 85. Jane: “Where are you going?”
  86. 86. Jane: “Where are you going?” Jane asked where I was going.
  87. 87. John: “Are you okay?”
  88. 88. John: “Are you okay?” John asked if I was okay. wondered whether questioned whether
  89. 89. Jane: “Are you free on Friday?”
  90. 90. Jane: “Are you free on Friday?” Jane asked whether I was free on Friday.
  91. 91. John: “Where are we having the conference?”
  92. 92. John: “Where are we having the conference?” John enquired where we would have the conferenc John asked where we were having the conference.
  93. 93. Jane: “What’s your favorite color.”
  94. 94. Jane: “What’s your favorite color.” Jane asked me my favorite color. Jane asked me what my favorite color was.
  95. 95. John: “Why are we meeting at 5?”
  96. 96. John: “Why are we meeting at 5?” John asked (me) why we were meeting at 5.
  97. 97. More Practice
  98. 98. “I always drink coffee.”
  99. 99. “I always drink coffee.” She said she always drank coffee.
  100. 100. “I’m reading a history book.”
  101. 101. “I’m reading a history book.” He explained that he was reading a history book.
  102. 102. “My sister and her family arrived on Sunday she said.
  103. 103. “My sister and her family arrived on Sunday, she said. She said her sister & her family had arrived on Sunday.
  104. 104. “I’ve been to Spain” he told me.
  105. 105. “I’ve been to Spain” he told me. He told me he had been to Spain.
  106. 106. “I had just bought my airline ticket” she explained.
  107. 107. “I had just bought my airline ticket” she explained. She explained that she had just bough her airline ticket.
  108. 108. “We’ve been waiting for hours!” They complained.
  109. 109. “We’ve been waiting for hours!” They complained. They complained that they had been waiting for hours.
  110. 110. I’ll be traveling next week.”

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