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The pronunciation of  ed
The pronunciation of ed
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"-ed" pronunciation

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ESL, Pronunciation, -ed, final sound

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"-ed" pronunciation

  1. 1. Pronunciation of “-ED”
  2. 2. When we have regular past-tense verbs, they typically end in “-ed” There are 3 different sounds for “-ed” But, how do you know which sound a word makes?
  3. 3. The final sound will largely depend on the last sound of the verb. * Place your fingertips on the front of your neck, and pronounce the following words. What do you feel on your fingers when you say the underlined sound? vow | fake (vvv | fff) zebra | snake (zzz | sss)  When we pronounce voiced sounds, our vocal chords vibrate when we say those sounds. [v] [z].  When we pronounce voiceless sounds, our vocal chords do not vibrate. [f] [s]. No vibration.
  4. 4. [t] final sound Verbs ending in voiceless sounds [p, k, f, s, ʃ, tʃ] cause the “-ed” ending to be pronounced as the voiceless [t] (with no vocal chord vibration). [p] “He popped a balloon.” [papt] [k] “They talked a lot” [takt] [f] “I laughed at the movie.” [læft] [s] “She kissed her child good-bye.” [kIst] [ʃ] “sh”: “We brushed our teeth.” [bruʃt] [tʃ] “ch”: “I reached the end of the road.” [riytʃt]
  5. 5. [d] final sound Verbs ending in the voiced sounds [b, g, v, z, ʒ, dʒ, m, n, ŋ, r, l] cause the “- ed” ending to be pronounced as a voiced [d]. [b] “She grabbed her coat and ran away.” [grabd] [g] “He begged her to stay.” [bɛgd] [v] “They loved it.” [luvd] [z] “He raised his hand.” [reyzd] [dʒ] “They managed the issue quickly.” [ ] [m] “She claimed the prize.” [kleymd] [n] “They banned smoking in public spaces.” [bænd] [ŋ] “She banged on the door.” [bæŋd] [r] “The waitress cleared the table.” [kliyrd] [l] “I rolled up the paper.” [rowld] mænɪdʒd
  6. 6. [ɪd] final sound Verbs ending in the sounds [t] or [d] will cause the “-ed” ending of a verb to be pronounced as the syllable [əd] or [ɪd]. [t] “I visited the Empire State Building.” [vɪzɪtəd] [t] “She edited the report.” [ɛdɪtɪd] [d] “We ended the game early.” [ɛndɪd] [d] “the chef breaded the chicken.” [brɛdɪd]
  7. 7. Why are these rules important? Connected Speech [c+v] These “-ed” pronunciation rules are particularly important, because in English we connect our speech when we have a word that: • ends in a consonant; and • is followed by a word that begins with a vowel. In this case, the way you say the verb’s “-ed” ending will be heard loudly and clearly. “He walked away” [walkt] –> “He walk taway” [hiy WAWK təWEY] “She turned around.” For Example: Cont…
  8. 8. The same rule of connected speech [c+v] occurs when h-deletion causes us to delete the “h” sound at the beginning of a word. …Cont. H- deletion “We raised her expectations” [reyzd] –> “We raizd her expectations” –> “We raizdər expectations”
  9. 9. Pronunciation Quiz
  10. 10.  /t/  /d/  /ɪd/ Smacked
  11. 11.  /t/  /d/  /ɪd/ Smacked
  12. 12.  /t/  /d/  /ɪd/ Landed
  13. 13.  /t/  /d/  /ɪd/ Landed
  14. 14.  /t/  /d/  /ɪd/ Informed
  15. 15.  /t/  /d/  /ɪd/ Informed
  16. 16.  /t/  /d/  /ɪd/ Mixed
  17. 17.  /t/  /d/  /ɪd/ Mixed
  18. 18.  /t/  /d/  /ɪd/ Rocked
  19. 19.  /t/  /d/  /ɪd/ Rocked
  20. 20.  /t/  /d/  /ɪd/ waited
  21. 21.  /t/  /d/  /ɪd/ waited
  22. 22.  /t/  /d/  /ɪd/ Skipped
  23. 23.  /t/  /d/  /ɪd/ Skipped
  24. 24.  /t/  /d/  /ɪd/ Scrubbed
  25. 25.  /t/  /d/  /ɪd/ Scrubbed
  26. 26.  /t/  /d/  /ɪd/ Cried
  27. 27.  /t/  /d/  /ɪd/ Cried
  28. 28.  /t/  /d/  /ɪd/ Wanted
  29. 29.  /t/  /d/  /ɪd/ Wanted
  30. 30.  /t/  /d/  /ɪd/ Learned
  31. 31.  /t/  /d/  /ɪd/ Learned
  32. 32.  /t/  /d/  /ɪd/ haunted
  33. 33.  /t/  /d/  /ɪd/ haunted
  34. 34.  /t/  /d/  /ɪd/ rented
  35. 35.  /t/  /d/  /ɪd/ rented
  36. 36.  /t/  /d/  /ɪd/ Killed
  37. 37.  /t/  /d/  /ɪd/ Killed
  38. 38.  /t/  /d/  /ɪd/ Laughed
  39. 39.  /t/  /d/  /ɪd/ Laughed
  40. 40.  /t/  /d/  /ɪd/ Helped
  41. 41.  /t/  /d/  /ɪd/ Helped
  42. 42.  /t/  /d/  /ɪd/ Shouted
  43. 43.  /t/  /d/  /ɪd/ Shouted

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