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Alcohol Awareness–Fact Vs Fiction


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Alcohol Awareness–Fact Vs Fiction

  1. 1. University of Houston Orientation Kathy Muller, guest instructor ALCOHOL AWARENESS – FACT VS. FICTION
  2. 2. ALCOHOL AWARENESS Objectives  Identify the different alcohol types, and distinguish poisonous from  common alcohol. Explain why alcohol is a drug.  Define one (1) drink of alcohol.  Describe 4 factors that affect individual blood alcohol levels.  Know the blood alcohol level (BAL) Rule of Thumb.  Understand the difference between moderate alcohol use, alcohol  abuse, and binge drinking. Distinguish hangover prevention myths and misconceptions from  facts Know emergency procedures for alcohol poisoning 
  3. 3.  Key Terms Drug  Licit Drug  Psychoactive Drug  Depressant  Social Lubricant  Synergistic Effect  Blood Alcohol Level  One drink  Moderate use  Abuse  Binge drinking  ALCOHOL AWARENESS
  4. 4. ALCOHOL AWARENESS Drug - any substance that modifies body functions.  Licit Drug - legal drugs, such as alcohol and tobacco.  Psychoactive Drug - substance that affects the central nervous system  and alters consciousness and/or perceptions. Depressant - sedative drugs such as alcohol, barbiturates,  benzodiazepines, and methaqualone. Social Lubricant - the belief that drinking represses inhibitions and  increases sociability. Synergistic Effect - the ability of one drug to enhance the effect of  another.
  5. 5. ALCOHOL AWARENESS Blood alcohol level (BAL) - the concentration of alcohol found in the  blood, often expressed as a percentage. One drink - one 12-oz. bottle of beer or wine cooler, or one 5-oz. glass  of wine, or 1.5-oz. of 80 proof “hard” liquor. Moderate use - two (2) drinks per 24 hours for men; one (1) drink per 24  hours for women. Abuse - the willful misuse of either licit or illicit drugs for recreation or  convenience. Binge drinking - consumption of five (5) or more drinks in one sitting. 
  6. 6. ALCOHOL AWARENESS Fact or Fiction? There is more than one type of alcohol.  Fact. The four (4) types of alcohol are:   Methyl (methanol) - wood alcohol  Isopropyl - antiseptic alcohol  Ethylene glycol - antifreeze  Ethanol - used in distilled liquor Ethanol is the only alcohol used for human consumption; the other alcohols are poisonous.
  7. 7. ALCOHOL AWARENESS Fact or Fiction? Alcohol isn’t a drug, not like marijuana or cocaine.  Fiction. Alcohol is an addictive, psychoactive drug that is a central  nervous system depressant. Alcohol is the 2nd most widely used and abused of all psychoactive drugs. Q: What drug is the most widely used and abused drug?  A: Caffeine 
  8. 8. ALCOHOL AWARENESS Alcohol as a Social Drug:  Social psychologists refer to the perception of alcohol as a social lubricant. This term implies that drinking is misconceived as a “safe” drug activity which represses inhibitions and increases sociability. On the Addiction Potential scale, alcohol ranks higher than heroin, cocaine, PCP, and marijuana.
  9. 9. ALCOHOL AWARENESS Why do many people have to be reminded that alcohol is a drug?   It’s legal  Media promotes drinking as normal behavior  Large distribution and sales of alcohol  Long history of alcohol use dating back to 30,000 B.C. Q: Do Americans drink more or less now than ~170 years ago?  A: Americans consumed more than twice as much alcohol in 1830 (7.1  gallons) as they do now (2-3 gallons).
  10. 10. ALCOHOL AWARENESS Fact. Blood Alcohol Level (BAL) is the concentration of alcohol found  in the blood, usually expressed as a percentage. BAL depends on 4 factors:  presence of food in the stomach  concentration of alcohol  drinkers body composition  rate of alcohol consumption Alcoholic beverages are high in calories and carbohydrates, but contain no other nutrients.
  11. 11. ALCOHOL AWARENESS Fact. The blood alcohol level produced is affected by the presence of  food in the stomach.  Fatty foods, meat, and milk slow the absorption of alcohol, allowing more time for its metabolism and reducing the peak concentration in the blood.  When alcoholic beverages are taken with a substantial meal, peak BAL may be as much as 50% lower than it would have been had the alcohol been consumed by itself. Diluting an alcoholic drink with water helps to slow down absorption, but mixing with carbonated beverages increases the absorption rate.
  12. 12. Q: Which has more alcohol? ALCOHOL AWARENESS A: All have the same amount of alcohol
  13. 13. ALCOHOL AWARENESS Fact or Fiction? Almost 95% of consumed alcohol is inactivated by the  liver metabolism. Fact. The liver metabolizes alcohol at a slow and constant rate, which is  unaffected by the amount ingested; the liver detoxifies one (1) ounce of alcohol per one (1) hour. BAL Rule of Thumb: 1 ounce = 1 hour.
  14. 14. ALCOHOL AWARENESS Fact or Fiction? Alcohol is good for your heart.  Fact. Several studies have reported that moderate  drinkers (no more than 1-2 drinks per day) are less likely to develop heart disease than people who do not drink any alcohol or who drink larger amounts. Moderation is the key.
  16. 16. ALCOHOL AWARENESS Fact or Fiction? There are safe levels of drinking.  Fact and Fiction. Most adults can drink moderate amounts of alcohol---  up to two (2) drinks per day for men and one (1) drink per day for women and older people---and avoid alcohol-related problems. For women who are pregnant or are trying to become pregnant, there is no safe level of drinking; the safest course is to abstain from alcohol.
  17. 17. ALCOHOL AWARENESS Fact or Fiction? Alcohol  affects a woman’s body differently from a man’s body. Like this presentation  and want to know more? Contact me @ 281.256.4324
  18. 18. CREDITS AND RESOURCES Hanson, G., and Venturelli, P. (1998). Drugs and Society. Sudbury,  MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.  Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.  National Clearinghouse for Alcohol & Drug Information.  RU Aware? Alcohol Awareness Page, Radford University. 
  19. 19. CREDITS AND RESOURCES Facts on Tap: Alcohol and Your College Experience.  The Wellness Center, Brookhaven, PA.  Blood Alcohol Calculators courtesy of University of Houston  Wellness Center (713/743-5498) Adonis Coles, “UH Alcohol Survey”  Beer Is My Life!  Cocktails with Kathy Hamlin.  Starbucks Home page. 