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Prof. Melinda Laituri, Colorado State University | The Secondary Cities (2C) Initiative | SotM Asia 2017


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State of the Map Asia (SotM-Asia) is the annual regional conference of OpenStreetMap (OSM) organized by OSM communities in Asia. First SotM-Asia was organized in Jakarta, Indonesia in 2015, and the second was organized in Manila, Philippines in 2016. This year’s conference, third in the series, was organized in Kathmandu, Nepal on September 23 – 24, 2017 at Park Village Resort, Budhanilkantha, Kathmandu, Nepal.

We brought nearly 200 Open Mapping enthusiasts from Asia and beyond to this year’s SotM-Asia. The event provided an opportunity to share knowledge and experience among mappers; expand their network; and generate ideas to expand map coverage and effective use of OSM data in Asian continent. We chose ‘from creation to use of OSM data’ as the theme of this year’s conference, emphasizing on the effective use of OSM data. We also brought together a government panel from four different countries in this year’s SotM-Asia. We believe this event will deepen the bond and enhance collaboration among OSM communities across Asia.

More information about the conference can be found on:

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Prof. Melinda Laituri, Colorado State University | The Secondary Cities (2C) Initiative | SotM Asia 2017

  1. 1. Dr. Melinda Laituri Secondary Cities Principal Investigator State of the Map, Asia 23 - 24 September 2017 Kathmandu, Nepal The Secondary Cities (2C) Initiative
  2. 2. Opportunities: • Urban density can fuel efficiencies • Urban areas provide access to resources • Cities are hubs of innovation The Urban Century Challenges: Humans are rapidly becoming an urban species, with millions of people migrating to cities each year. By 2050, 70% of world’s population will live in urban areas. • How will urban centers across the world keep pace with predicted continuing growth? • What are the visions of tomorrow’s cities?
  3. 3. There will be more than twice as many medium size cities in 2030 as there were in 1990. UN/World Urbanization Prospects, 2014
  4. 4. Secondary Cities are under-examined, under planned, and under-mapped
  5. 5. What do Secondary Cities need? • Robust, smart data • Geospatial databases • Produce maps • Example: Hawasa, Ethiopia Google Earth OpenStreetMap
  6. 6. What is the Secondary Cities Initiative? • Collaborative community mapping projects for 1-2+ years; • Unique partner-provided, partner-generated datasets; • Complements imagery based methodologies for data creation. Photos: Secondary Cities Cusco Geospatial data workshop, July
  7. 7. Industry partnerships: ESRI (desktop GIS) Digital Globe NGOs** Kathmandu Living Lab (KLL) American Association of Geographers* (AAG) University Tribhuvan University, Institute of Engineering Western Region University Colorado State University (technical support) Regional government: Pokhara Municipality National government: Nepali Army USG DOS/GGI: 2C Lead US Embassy: Linkages to onsite partners NGA: High resolution imagery Human Geography Themes Pokhara Emergency Preparedness *Manage budgets and reporting **Key facilitating partnership Partnerships – Spider Diagram
  8. 8. Secondary Cities Initiative Objective Emergency Preparedness Human Security Resiliency Human Geography DataMappin g Data generation Visualization Sharing Analysis
  9. 9. How do we map cities? Geospatial Technologies Geographic Information System (GIS) Remote Sensing (RS) Global Positioning System (GPS)
  10. 10. Useful Tools for Participatory Mapping for 2C Projects• Emphasize open source tools and technologies • Platform and software agnostic Data Collection Data Analysis and Visualization Data Sharing
  11. 11. • Phones, tablets, drones (UAVs) New equipment for data collection
  12. 12. New approaches • Citizen Science initiatives • Crowd mapping: Mapathons • Community engagement: Participatory mapping
  13. 13. High resolution satellite imagery New Collaborative Process: Intersection of Citizen Science and Community Engagement Bottom up vs. Top Down
  14. 14. Secondary Cities Projects Resiliency · Human Security · Emergency Preparedness
  15. 15. Data Generation Open Source Tools Training Materials Lessons Learned 2C Regional Knowledge Networks Denpasar, Indonesia: Ocean Waste Management Pokhara, Nepal: Emergency preparedness Kharkiv, Ukraine Mobility, Safety and Accessibility Asia 2C RKN Mekelle, Ethiopia: Water Resources Port Harcourt, Nigeria: Vulnerable populations and access to infrastructure Douala, Cameroon Emergency preparedness and flooding Africa 2C RKN Cusco, Peru: Sanitation and environmenta l issues Medellin, Columbia: Urban growth Santiago, Dominican Republic Water management in vulnerable neighborhoods Esmeraldas, Ecuador: Security and Risk Latin America 2C RKN RKN: Regional Knowledge Network
  16. 16. Secondary Cities DescriptionKharkiv, Ukraine Mekelle, Ethiopia Pokhara, Nepal Santiago, Dominican Republic Medellin, Columbia Cusco, Peru Inland Cities Coastal Cities Denpasar, Indonesia Esmeraldas, Ecuador Douala, Cameroon Port Harcourt, Nigeria Touris m Landslides Sea Level Rise Common themes: Traffic, Waster Management, Flooding, Extreme events
  17. 17. Data Generation Pokhara, Nepal • Emergency preparedness • Hospitals & Clinics • Religious centers • Schools Kharkiv, Ukraine • Vulnerable Populations • Vacant building inventory • Urban Springs
  18. 18. 2C Denpasar, Indonesia: Waste management
  19. 19. 2C Esmeraldas: Water Pollution sites
  20. 20. 2C Port Harcourt, Nigeria
  21. 21. 21 Data Collection Method Observations Mobility Features ▪ Data Collection Software/Platform: ArcGIS Phase 1: Excel templates and Maplt ▪ Data Collection Hardware/Device: Tablets, papers and GPS Phase 2: Survey 123 for ArcGis ▪ Data Collection Hardware/Device: Tablets ▪ Coverage Area: Douala council area, Cameroon. (Six districts) Dataset Attributes Collected Data Points Hospital data Name, category, #beds ,# doctors , #nurses, #ambulances, observation, LAT/LON , data collection date, availability of emergency service. 227 Major businesses data Name, Type of store , Data collection date, LAT/LON 98 Schools Name, Type , data collection date, area, # classrooms , # toilet , type of construct material availability of water and electricity. 447 Recreational spaces Name, data collection date, area, LAT/LON, water and electricity availability 21 Flood Area Flood frequency, data collection date, LAT /LON , Observations. 94 Cultural and Religious structure’s Name, data collection date, area, LAT/LON, water and electricity availability. 542 Sanitation Equipment’s Name, data collection date, area, LAT/LON 369 Open space Name, data collection date, area, LAT/LON 728 Data Collection with GPS and MapIt 2C Douala, Cameroon
  22. 22. 2C Mekelle
  23. 23. 2C CSU: Change Detection Analysis with LandSat and High Resolution Imagery
  24. 24. Outcome: Best Practices/Lesson Learned Collaboration/New Partnerships • Interoperability • Metadata standards/QA/QC protocols • Access and sharing • Culture and language • QA/QC protocols • Regional hubs • Ethics Unintended Ripple Results!!
  25. 25. Sharing Stories /
  26. 26. Future Investment: Community of 2C Partners
  27. 27. Questions Contact: Melinda Laituri