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Dr. Lee Schwartz, Geographer of the United States, Department of State | SotM-Asia 2017 | Keynote


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State of the Map Asia (SotM-Asia) is the annual regional conference of OpenStreetMap (OSM) organized by OSM communities in Asia. First SotM-Asia was organized in Jakarta, Indonesia in 2015, and the second was organized in Manila, Philippines in 2016. This year’s conference, third in the series, was organized in Kathmandu, Nepal on September 23 – 24, 2017 at Park Village Resort, Budhanilkantha, Kathmandu, Nepal.

We brought nearly 200 Open Mapping enthusiasts from Asia and beyond to this year’s SotM-Asia. The event provided an opportunity to share knowledge and experience among mappers; expand their network; and generate ideas to expand map coverage and effective use of OSM data in Asian continent. We chose ‘from creation to use of OSM data’ as the theme of this year’s conference, emphasizing on the effective use of OSM data. We also brought together a government panel from four different countries in this year’s SotM-Asia. We believe this event will deepen the bond and enhance collaboration among OSM communities across Asia.

More information about the conference can be found on:

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Dr. Lee Schwartz, Geographer of the United States, Department of State | SotM-Asia 2017 | Keynote

  1. 1. Participatory and Open Mapping – Views from the U.S. Geographer State of the Map - Asia Kathmandu, Nepal September 23-24, 2017 Lee Schwartz, The Geographer
  3. 3. Armed Conflict, Political Violence, Inter-Communal Strife, Pirate Incidents, Targeted Attacks, Food Riots, Border Conflicts
  4. 4. Perejil (Spanish name) Disputed features Leila (Moroccan name) MOROCCO
  5. 5. Sketch Mapping Building & Correcting Cartographic Shapefiles Participatory Research Mapping (PRM) GIS Cognitive Knowledge GPS Use & Coordinates Empowerment Field Research Training Technical Skills Community & Parcel Questionnaires American Geographical Society – Bowman Expeditions, 2005-Present
  6. 6. High resolution satellite imagery Collaborative Process BOTTOM UP vs. TOP DOWN User defined; Platform and Software agnostic; Partnerships, participatory, community- based, local knowledge, ownership, empowerment. Imagery-to-the Crowd (IttC)
  7. 7. Imagery to the Crowd: A History 2010 2011 2012 2013 JAN: Haiti Earthquake APRIL: “OSM Tasking Server” discussions @ Camp Roberts OCT: Initial meeting between HIU, NGA, and HOT regarding NV imagery FEB: Consensus @ RELIEF meeting that OSM community could benefit from NV imagery SEPT: Launch of OSM TM v1 AUG: Breakthrough effort to agree on IttC workflow @ RELIEF / Camp Roberts FEB: Prototype IttC workflow approved by USG lawyers MAY: 1st official test of IttC over Horn of Africa refugee camps OCT: Presentation of IttC at International Conference on Crisis Mapping (ICCM) 2014 NOV: GWU mapathon for Kathmandu (DoS, USAID, GFDRR) JULY: Launch of OSM TM v2 MARCH: HIU launches MapGive as a formalized extension of IttC 2013: Continued refinement of IttC tech and engagement with OSM community MARCH: Formal OSM TM requirements documented APRIL: Donor consortium for OSM TM v2 JUNE: HOT established as official NGO
  8. 8.
  9. 9. Supporting the OSM Community Photo credit: USAID
  10. 10. Supporting the OSM Community Numerous partners created this map
  11. 11. (Launched officially as a State Department Flagship Initiative in March, 2014)
  12. 12. MapGive Imagery Services 225 image services
  13. 13. #mapgive changesets since 2014
  14. 14. White House Mapathon
  15. 15. Secondary Cities Projects Mapping human geography
  16. 16. Habitat III - The New Urban Agenda: Geospatial data are required, at the appropriate scale, collected by local stakeholders, to allow them to better understand, explain, manage (and map) their own urban environments. Secondary Cities: Pokhara, Nepal: Planning for Emergency Preparedness - Rapidly growing urban areas. - Under-examined places. - Lack of geospatial data for mapping and planning. - Regional node of economic activity or development. - Defined by function, not size.
  17. 17. Collaborative Approach: Pokhara What is a Secondary Cities Project? • Unique partner-provided and partner-created datasets. • Complements imagery-based methodologies with participatory mapping . • Government, University, NGO triad. • Project duration 1-2 years, sustainable.
  18. 18. Pokhara, Nepal Schools, Medical, & Government Buildings
  19. 19. Progress of humanitarian mapping in Nepal In the three days following the April 15, 2015 earthquake in Nepal, thousands of volunteer mappers launched into action to fill in gaps in the map of Kathmandu. In addition to the 3960 previously mapped miles of roads and 182,706 buildings, more than 2000 mappers recorded 13,199 new miles of roads and 110,681 new buildings in just three days, primarily in the more rural areas surrounding Kathmandu.
  20. 20. IttC IttC MapBox MapBox
  21. 21. Hi guys, We just published this letter of thanks and I wanted to give you a heads-up. I'll keep this message short, but what HOT does would simply not be possible without your personal effort and that of ITTC and MapGive. 14_nepal_earthquake_a_note_of_thanks_to_hot%E2%80%99s_aerial_imagery_provi ders Best Tyler
  22. 22. Satellite Imagery – Support for Natural Disaster Response 2010 Haiti Earthquake 640 volunteer mappers 1.4 million edits 2013 Typhoon Haiyan (Philippines) 1600 volunteer mappers 4.5 million edits 2015 Nepal Earthquake 7000+ volunteer mappers 10.6 million edits
  23. 23. How do we best get, and use, good open map data? ➢Ground up vs. Top Down. Use appropriate scale for the task. ➢Current /Accurate vs. “Authoritative” Data (Big vs. Good) ➢Data need to be “Useful, Useable, and Used.” ➢Partnerships are key for VGI, Participatory GIS and, Community- based mapping. ➢Open Data “Projects” can work with triad of Local Government, NGOs, and Universities. (Universities as “Islands of Stability”). ➢Innovation is increasingly from VTCs and private sector. ➢Need QA/QC plus tools to automate, verify, analyze. ➢Communication is important to build sustainability. ➢Need to incentivize volunteerism. (Role of champions. Imagery). ➢The next generation of Open Mappers is here.
  24. 24. Thank You