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Lyme Disease prevention

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  • Tick bites are usually painless therefore most people are unaware when they have a tick attached to them. Do a tick check every night. Ticks are very smallAnd may feed anywhere on the body so check thoroughly.
  • If you choose to use a tick repellent on your skin, use a product that contains DEET at a concentration of at least 30% to 40%.Clothing: A permethrin based product is recommended.
  • Hire a professional.7
  • Lymes pp

    1. 1. Lyme Disease Prevention Program Kathleen F Kirby, RNSpecial thanks to Barbara Wrightfor creating this slide presentation 1
    2. 2. What are Tick Borne Diseases? Several diseases can be acquired from an infected tick’s bite during it’s blood meal.Lyme DiseaseBabesiosisEhrlichoiosis 2
    3. 3. What is Lyme Disease?Lyme Disease is a bacterial infectionthat is caused by the spirocheteBorreliaburgdorferi.This organism attacks various organsystems in the body. Nervous System: Bell’s Palsy, meningitis (stiff neck), and severe headaches Skeletal System: Swelling at joints (particularly the knee joint), migratory joint pain, and arthritis. Circulatory System: Heart Block and arrhythmias 3
    4. 4. Lyme Disease SymptomsSymptoms typically appear 2-3 days after the bite of a tick.Early symptoms may include one or more of the following: Expanding Fatigue “bull’s eye” Headaches rash Muscle Flu-like aches symptoms Joint pain Fever Malaise 4
    5. 5. Examples of the characteristic Bull’s Eye Rashes 5
    6. 6. Lyme Disease Symptoms Late Symptoms of Lyme may include:Nerve damage: Bell’s PalsyEncephalopathy: BrainDamageMeningitis: neckstiffness, headacheHeart abnormalities:arrhythmia, heart blockJoints: severe joint pain orswelling 6
    7. 7. Lyme Disease in the United States 7
    8. 8. 8
    9. 9. Lyme Disease in New Jersey2010 New Jersey Reportable Communicable Disease Report shows 3712 cases of Lyme Disease January 1, 2010- January 1, 2011 9
    10. 10. Lyme Disease is on the Rise 10
    11. 11. What is Babesiosis?A malaria like illnesscaused by the parasitegenus, babesia, thatattacks red blood cells. Itcan be passed by a tickbite with other tick-borneinfections, includingborrelia, the bacteria thatis the cause of Lymedisease. 11
    12. 12. Babesiosis SymptomsNonspecific “flu-like” symptoms such as: Fever Loss of appetite Chills Nausea Drenching night sweats Fatigue Body Aches HeadacheSymptoms can occur one to six weeks after a tick bite.Babesiosis is less common than Lyme disease. 12
    13. 13. What is Erlichiosis?Erlichiosis is a diseasecaused by severalbacterial species of thegenus Erlichia.Erlichiaattacks the white bloodcells in the body. 13
    14. 14. Types of ErlichiosisThere are 2 types of Erlichiosis described in the UnitedStates. 1) Human MonocyticErlichiosis (HME): transmitted by the Lone Star tick. 2) Human Granulocytic Erlichiosis (HGE): transmitted by the black legged tick and the western black legged tick. HGE is now referred to as Anaplasmosis. 14
    15. 15. Erlichiosis (Anaplasmosis) Sypmtoms Severe headaches Sudden high fever Fatigue Muscle aches Nausea Rash 15
    16. 16. Erlichiosis (Anaplasmosis) Sypmtoms (cont’d.) Severe cases of Anaplasmosis may result in: Low white blood cells Low platelet counts Kidney failure Death Symptoms usually appear 3 – 16 days after a tick bite. Anaplasmosis is less common than lyme disease. 16
    17. 17. Erlichiosis in the United States 17
    18. 18. Are There Any Vaccines?There was a vaccine for lyme disease several yearsago but it is no longer availableIf you have been vaccinated for lyme disease, you areno longer protected.There are no vaccines presently available for any ofthe tick borne illnesses so prevention is the key. 18
    19. 19. What Do Ticks Look Like? 19 Black Legged Tick
    20. 20. Deer Tick also known as Black Legged TickAdult Female: reddishbrown, size of a sesameseedAdult Male: slightly smallthan female, completelydark brownNymph: size comparable toa poppy seedLarva: size smaller than apin headLarva cannot transmit lymedisease 20
    21. 21. American Dog TickReddish brown coloringSilver-gray markings onback femaleMove around vigorouslyMay cause Rocky MountainFever but it is not known tocarry the lyme diseasebacteria 21 male
    22. 22. Lone Star TickConspicuous whitemarking on backReddish-brown colorMore circular in shapeElongated mouth partsMay transmit erlichiosisor STARI (Souther Tick-Associated Rash Illness) 22
    23. 23. Engorged versusnon-engorged lone star tick 23
    24. 24. Engorged deer tick 24
    25. 25. Life Cycle of Tick 25
    26. 26. When am I most likely to get a tick borne illness? 26
    27. 27. Where do ticks live 27
    28. 28. Tick removalHow to remove a tickUse fine-tipped tweezers to grasp the tick as close to the skins surface as possible.Pull upward with steady, even pressure.Dont twist or jerk the tick; this can cause the mouth-parts to break off and remainin the skin. If this happens, remove the mouth-parts with tweezers. 28
    29. 29. Follow up careAfter removing the tick, thoroughly clean thebite area and your hands with rubbing alcohol,an iodine scrub, or soap and water.Record where on your body the bite occurredand the date of the tick bite.If you develop a rash or fever within severalweeks of removing a tick, see your doctor. Tellthe doctor the area where you think you pickedup the tick. 29
    30. 30. Tick removal don’tsDon’t squeeze or rupture tickDon’t pour kerosene or nail polish remover ontickDon’t cover the tick with petroleum jellyDon’t use a smoldering match or cigarette buttto remove tickDon’t use anything else that might traumatizethe tick 30
    31. 31. How do you avoid getting a tick bite 31
    32. 32. BLAST Program FoundationThe BLAST acronym is based onthe most effective preventionpractices found in recent research. 32
    33. 33. BL A S TBathe orshowersoon afteryou comeindoors. 33
    34. 34. B LASTLookfor ticksandrashes. 34
    35. 35. BL ASTApplyrepellents 35
    36. 36. BLA T sSpray the edgesof your yard.A singleperimeter sprayfor tick controlonce in theSpring canreduce thenumber of ticksby 80% to 90% 36
    37. 37. BLAS T•Treat your pets.•Check your pets forticks after comingindoors.•Ask your vet whatyou can use to repelticks.•Don’t sleep with youpets. Ticks on your petmay crawl onto you. 37
    38. 38. Quiz Time! 38
    39. 39. B BatheL Look GreatA Job! ApplyS SprayT Treat 39
    40. 40. Follow these directions and youmay lower your chances of being infected with Lyme Disease. 40
    41. 41. Works Cited Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Food and Drug Administration, June 20, 2011 Sanjai Kuman, chief of laboratory of emerging pathogens Lyme Disease Association, August 9, 2009 National Institute of Health, 2010 41
    42. 42. Works Cited continued New Jersey Department of Health and Senior National Pesticide Information Center Ridgefield, Ct Health Department, Jennifer Reid, Community Program Coordinator 42