Some of the 21 st Century Standards Addressed: 1.1.2 Use prior and background knowledge as context for new learning. 1.1.3 Develop and refine a range of questions to frame the search for new understanding. 1.1.4 Find, evaluate, and select appropriate sources to answer questions. 1.1.5 Evaluate information found in selected sources on the basis of accuracy, validity, appropriateness for needs, importance, and social and cultural context. 1.1.8 Demonstrate mastery of technology tools for accessing information and pursuing inquiry. 1.1.9 Collaborate with others to broaden and deepen understanding. 1.2.2 Demonstrate confidence and self- direction by making independent choices in the selection of resources and information. 1.2.5 Demonstrate adaptability by changing the inquiry focus, questions, resources, or strategies when necessary to achieve success. 1.3.1 Respect copyright/ intellectual property rights of creators and producers. 1.3.3 Follow ethical and legal guidelines in gathering and using information. 1.3.5 Use information technology responsibly. 1.4.2 Use interaction with and feedback from teachers and peers to guide own inquiry process. 2.1.2 Organize knowledge so that it is useful. 2.1.4 Use technology and other information tools to analyze and organize information. 2.1.6 Use the writing process, media and visual literacy, and technology skills to create products that express new understandings. 2.3.1 Connect understanding to the real world. 3.1.1 Conclude an inquiry- based research process by sharing new understandings and refl ecting on the learning. 3.1.2 Participate and collaborate as members of a social and intellectual network of learners. 3.1.4 Use technology and other information tools to organize and display knowledge and understanding in ways that others can view, use, and assess. 4.2.1 Display curiosity by pursuing interests through multiple resources. 4.2.2 Demonstrate motivation by seeking information to answer personal questions and interests, trying a variety of formats and genres, and displaying a willingness to go beyond academic requirements. 4.2.3 Maintain openness to new ideas by considering divergent opinions, changing opinions or conclusions when evidence supports the change, and seeking information about new ideas encountered through academic or personal experiences. 4.3.1 Participate in the social exchange of ideas, both electronically and in person. 4.3.4 Practice safe and ethical behaviors in personal electronic communication and interaction.
This is a picture I took of our local Hastings store…who sold books, music, videos, and more. They just closed and now only offer their services online. There have also been assertions that once e-books become the dominant media that public libraries will recede in the future. Another source states that “outlets such as Amazon and Apple will obliviate the need for libraries.” Think about yourself as a reader…..how often do you now use your library in comparison to life before your e-reader?
According to Past YALSA president Linda W. Braun “it is clear that e-books are not the wave of the future; they are the present, and will play an increasingly big role in the future of libraries.” I agree with Linda…if we don’t get on board now and just wait around for other libraries to lead the way into implementing this new form of technology then we will be left behind! If libraries are to survive especially school libraries, with budget cuts taking place, it is imperative that media specialists be thoughtful and strategic in planning and implementing e-readers and e-books into their libraries!
Administrators: In order to implement e-readers & e-books into your media center you must have your administrators on board! Many schools have policies about bringing technology devices to school….you have to get your administrator on board in order to rework some of the policies….and to have them onboard when you address the issue with the teachers in your school…because I’m sure it will be an issue! Teachers: Recently I addressed my sons teacher about bringing a first generation Kindle to school so that he could read some of the book series that the library at our school doesn’t offer…He has met his 4 th quarter AR goal already and his limited checkout of 2 books from the school library limits him on what he gets to read (luckily I teach there and check out more books for him to read & we visit the public library weekly where he is allowed to check out 6 titles)….needless to say she said NO he can’t I don’t want it to get broken and she also made the comment that she didn’t want to address the issue with other kids in her classroom. If you are going to get teachers on board with this new form of technology you are definitely going to have to have your administrator on board and then you will also have to teach many of the teachers the ways that these new forms of technology can benefit their students as well as their classrooms!
There are many different e-readers available and with the growing demand there are likely to improve and be many more candidates in the future! In the next few slides I will introduce you to some of the “hot” e-readers on the market. It is important to not only look at the cost but also how the e-reader will be used in your media center and with what age level…elementary, middle school, or high school. You will also need to take into consideration the other features the e-reading devices now offer and try to get the most “bang for your buck.”
Cost: iPad 2: $399 to $499 21.2 oz 9.5 inches; 1024X768 display resolution; touchscreen16GB memory; built in camera & video, bluetooth, supported text formats include DOCX, HTML, PDF, DOC, RTF, TXT. Many different preloaded softward including find my iPAD. iPad3: $569 to $785 In additon to all the features the 2 offers the new iPAD 3 features include 4G wireless options, a better camera, higher resolution screen 23 oz 9.5 inches, 16 GB memory. Notable Features: Although the iPAD is a little more costly it has many notable features that make it a more universal additon to the media center. The iPad features a camera and video camera but for readers it has the iBook app, the nook app, the Kindle app. and Scholastics Storia app. You can purchase books from any of the 4 e-book providers all on one device!
Cost: $139 Specifications: 4GB of memory, 8.7 o.z., Graphite, 600 X 800 display resolution, Supported text formats include: AZW, T ML ,PRC, PDF , DOC , TXT . Keyboard, and a 1 year warranty. Notable Features: The screen is wonderful for reading in the sun! Includes a dictionary and it is small and easy to carry around! Includes Amazons “whispernet” network!
Cost: $199 Specifications: Color, touchscreen, speakers, 8GB integrated memory; 14.06 oz, 7.5 inches, display resolution 1024X 600, wireless connectivity, supported text formats include: AZW, PRC, PDF, DOC, TXT, DOCX. Notable Features: The Kindle Fire is smaller than the iPad and contains many notable features such as the collection of digital music, video, magazine, and book services, and a great Web browser in one easy-to-use package. Its price tag is one of the best features about it! At $199 it is definitely affordable but you wont get the premium features such as the cameras, GPS, bluetooth, bigger amount of storage (it only has 8 GB of storage), and location services!
Cost: $99 Specifications: 7.48 oz., 6 inch display, touch screen. Notable Features: Low cost, lightweight, high contrast touch screen. Expansive slot for additional memory storage, supports e-lending and EPUB loans from libraries. No support for audio, no 3G option, and no web browser.
Cost: $199 Specifications: 1024 X 600 resolution, 8GB memory, color, supported text formats include: EPUB, DOC, TXT, DOCX, EPUB DRM, PDB, touch screen, & 14.1 oz. Notable Features: Small, light weight, user can purchase apps., music, video, and books all on one tablet. Librarians can use purchase orders to purchase content for their e-readers!
Ultimately you will most likely be the one to make the final choice on which e-reader will work best in your media center and which will be the most cost effective addition. There are many considerations that you should look at when choosing the e-reader you wish to implement into your media center… The first should be: What is the intended use? Will it just be for reading or for reading/gaming? Or Reading/gaming/camera/video’s? Next you should look at who the program is for (elementary students, middle school students, high school students, teachers)? Cost will always be a consideration due to budget restraints but e-readers are continually declining in price!
Try to apply for grants to get some of the e-readers & e-books funded from outside sources. E-reader prices are continuing to drop and cost is beginning to become a non-issue. You can already get a Nook for free with the purchase of a subscription to the New York Times. You really have to take cost into effect when considering the e-reader you will implement and use in your media center.
You should offer services for e-books that meet or exceed those that you have traditionally offered for print services. Patrons should be able to search, browse, peruse, select, borrow, read, and return the materials with ease. Librarians need to gain mastery of this media in both the delivery of access and related services to students and in the behind the scenes management! There are many technicalities of circulating an e-reader that a librarian must master in order for it to be successfully implemented in their media centers. Some of the technicalities include: Loan Rules Cataloguing procedures Circulation Policy Permission Forms Protection Measures E-book Providers Loading the E-readers with E-books I will try to address some of these issues and technicalities in my presentation today.
How many users per copy? Is a question on many librarians mind right now…. This really depends on who & where you purchase your e-books from! Scholastic Storia allows you to use your e-books on up to 5 devices. On Overdrive it will depend on how many your libraries purchase agreement. The Kindle up to 6 devices but there is also some speculation over that from Buffy Hamilton’s opinion/experience that is not the case! I have a Kindle account and I use my e-books for up to 6 devices? Nook up to 5 per account. As licensing instead of ownership is the norm when it comes to e-content for libraries it is important to understand licensing agreements and keep abreast when changes to these license occur.
COSLA stated that “libraries need to foster greater awareness and conversation about copyright and fair use issues that might threaten their (e-book) services….as traditional printed book lending shifts more and more to downloadable (e-books).”
Everyone offers protection plans for e-readers and they are essential for library circulation! You should also purchase rigid cases to help protect whatever e-reading device you choose!
Once the e-reader is checked out where will students be allowed to take them? -Home? Will you allow the students to take them home? -Class (Teachers checkout)? Some schools have started circulating e-readers to teachers to use for their literature groups. -At school only? Will you allow students to check the e-reader out throughout the day and return it at the end of the school day? Whatever you choose it is important to remember who the e-reader program is for. The importance of providing access should outweigh the concerns about lost/damaged devices!
Parent/Guardian Permission should be used when internet access is available. Work with your technology director to see what is acceptable. Many students parents sign internet policy’s at the beginning of the year so maybe they can work it into the same policy. Buffy Hamilton includes her permission form as well as her nook book request form on her website located at http://theunquietlibrary.libguides.com/nooks .
It really depends on the e-book provider how you can circulate the e-books. It all depends on how many devices you are allowed to register for each title you purchase from the e-book provider. Checkout period for the e-reader is also an issue for circulation. Will they be allowed to check it out for a day?, a week?, or 2 weeks? E-book providers such as Overdrive has a lending time of 14 days until the book disapears from the e-reading device….
Depending on the e-book provider you use will help you determine how you will load and deliver your e-books to the e-reading device your media center uses. Buffy Hamilton has a lot of good advice on using nooks for circulation located at http://theunquietlibrarian.wordpress.com/category/nooks-at-the-unquiet-library/ Overdrive Amazon Barnes & Noble Follett Google Pixel of Ink
Find out what forms of e-readers your users already have! Think long term and assess trends; don’t just pay attention to the current picture but instead look at global statistics about the sales and use of e-reading materials and devices. As you know there are many different e-readers on the market…and file formats? How about .arg, .azw, .djvu, .epub, .html, .lbr, .lit, .mobi, .mp3, .opf, .pdb, .pdg, .pdf, .tr3, .txt, and .xeb for starters! Do all these e-readers and file formats work easily with one another or even with library e-book services like Overdrive and Follett? Nope…not really! When asking yourself which e-reader you should buy you should also look at what works well with your library as well as what would work best for your users.
Whatever e-reader and e-book provider you choose it is important to get your program up and running in your media center! I can not express enough how e-books/e-readers are no longer an idea of the future but they are the present and if you don’t kick start your program your library will soon be left behind….Do you want to end up like our local book retailers and be closing your doors because you are no longer needed?
Katherine StirewaltUniversity of Central MissouriSpring 2012
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