Brief Adlerian Therapy
Are you an Adlerian Therapist? <ul><li>Please complete the following quiz </li></ul><ul><li>Clinical areas: </li></ul><ul>...
Commonalities <ul><li>Clients are encouraged to overcome their feelings of insecurity, develop deeper feelings of connecte...
 
Goals of Adlerian Therapy <ul><li>Establish empathic relationship </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Equal, collaborative effort </...
Adlerian Therapy Techniques <ul><li>Set tasks, make a commitment </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>State goals, determine what cli...
Techniques in Adlerian Therapy, continued <ul><li>Goal alignment </li></ul><ul><li>Paradoxical intention </li></ul><ul><ul...
Purpose of Brief Therapy <ul><li>Clarify & resolve a narrowly focused intrapsychic conflict </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Goal...
Adlerian Brief Therapy <ul><li>Adler originally saw clients for 20 or fewer sessions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Style accommoda...
Adler BT, continued <ul><li>Treatment length depends on number of factors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If only one life task is a...
Adler BT, continued <ul><li>Therapist assumes client is open system striving for fulfillment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Determi...
Stages of ABT <ul><li>Empathy-Relationship Stage  </li></ul><ul><li>Information Stage  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Often concurr...
Stages of ABT, continued <ul><li>Reinforcement Stage  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>let go of selves and focus on others, tasks, &...
Stages of ABT, continued <ul><li>Knowing Stage  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Client shares interpretations & insights  </li></ul>...
Comparison of Models <ul><li>Psychodynamic orientation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bellak </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Short-Term ...
Applications  <ul><li>Examples include parenting, marital relationships, and career choice and development.  </li></ul><ul...
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Brief Adlerian Therapy For Linked In

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training of clinical staff on Adlerian Therapy; handouts and activities missing

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Brief Adlerian Therapy For Linked In

  1. 1. Brief Adlerian Therapy
  2. 2. Are you an Adlerian Therapist? <ul><li>Please complete the following quiz </li></ul><ul><li>Clinical areas: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Case Conceptualization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clinical Theory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meta-theory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Human beings are creative, thus creating their own perceptions and views of the world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Truth is created based on one’s personal perspective; therefore, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>it can be adaptive or maladaptive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Formal Theory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clinical Strategies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clinical Techniques </li></ul></ul><ul><li>If you responded ‘yes’ to any of the questions, you might be an Adlerian Therapist! </li></ul>
  3. 3. Commonalities <ul><li>Clients are encouraged to overcome their feelings of insecurity, develop deeper feelings of connectedness, and to redirect their striving for significance into more socially beneficial directions. </li></ul><ul><li>Using respectful Socratic dialogue, they are challenged to correct mistaken assumptions, attitudes, behaviors and feelings about themselves and the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Constant encouragement stimulates clients to try what was previously believed as impossible. </li></ul><ul><li>The growth of confidence, pride, and gratification leads to a greater desire and ability to cooperate. </li></ul><ul><li>The objective of therapy is to replace exaggerated self-protection, self-enhancement, and self-indulgence with courageous social contribution </li></ul>
  4. 5. Goals of Adlerian Therapy <ul><li>Establish empathic relationship </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Equal, collaborative effort </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Counselor provides conditions necessary for helping relationship </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Develop insight into mistaken goals & self-defeating behaviors </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Understand purpose of old behavior </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Interpret as a lack of effectiveness </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Discover alternatives & make new choices </li></ul>
  5. 6. Adlerian Therapy Techniques <ul><li>Set tasks, make a commitment </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>State goals, determine what client wants to change </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Explore beliefs about self, counselor’s purpose, & expectations of counseling </li></ul><ul><li>Confront private logic & beliefs </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Discover private goals, attitudes, & beliefs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Explore how these affect behaviors & their intentions, feelings </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Attend to behavior & listening </li></ul>
  6. 7. Techniques in Adlerian Therapy, continued <ul><li>Goal alignment </li></ul><ul><li>Paradoxical intention </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Produce symptoms one is complaining about; become more symptomatic in order to reframe system </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Reflection of feeling, empathic understanding </li></ul><ul><li>Productive use of silence </li></ul><ul><li>Use of tentative hypotheses & interpretation </li></ul>
  7. 8. Purpose of Brief Therapy <ul><li>Clarify & resolve a narrowly focused intrapsychic conflict </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Goal: provide symptom relief </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Issues must be focal, limited </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Client selection is stringent </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>YAVIS: young, attractive values, verbal, intelligent, socially successful </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>High ego strength, motivated, able to tolerate painful affects, willing to work within therapy </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 9. Adlerian Brief Therapy <ul><li>Adler originally saw clients for 20 or fewer sessions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Style accommodates clients needs and style </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Formal course of brief therapy is both indicated and negotiated, then brief course of treatment is followed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If long-term treatment is indicated and desired, then longer-term treatment proceeds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If at all possible, brief therapy is used </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. Adler BT, continued <ul><li>Treatment length depends on number of factors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If only one life task is addressed, therapy is brief; if more than one then longer therapy is needed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ex: well-developed social interest can be helped in a shorter time frame </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Good match between client & therapist </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stressful life situations need consideration </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Certain types of private logic can be challenging </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Resistance, transference issues </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 11. Adler BT, continued <ul><li>Therapist assumes client is open system striving for fulfillment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Determined by interaction between innate perceptions & early life strivings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What emerges is a unified perceptual system (i.e. master plan) called the lifestyle </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. Stages of ABT <ul><li>Empathy-Relationship Stage </li></ul><ul><li>Information Stage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Often concurrent with 1 st stage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Clarification Stage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Socratic questioning about client's core beliefs of self, others, & life </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Encouragement Stage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourage client to find courage in oneself </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Interpretation & Recognition Stage </li></ul>
  12. 13. Stages of ABT, continued <ul><li>Reinforcement Stage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>let go of selves and focus on others, tasks, & needs of situations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Community Feeling Stage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>connect more with others, cooperate with them, & contribute to their welfare </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Goal-Redirection Stage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>aspire to the ideal of what people could become </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Support and Launching Stage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>looks forward to the unexpected in life </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. Stages of ABT, continued <ul><li>Knowing Stage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Client shares interpretations & insights </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Missing Experience Stage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>use role-play, guided imagery, or eidetic imagery exercises to replace past negative images with new nurturing, encouraging experiences & images </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Doing Differently Stage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Small, experimental steps </li></ul></ul>
  14. 15. Comparison of Models <ul><li>Psychodynamic orientation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bellak </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Short-Term Anxiety Provoking Psychotherapy (STAPP) (Sifneo) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Time Limited Psychotherapy (Mann) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interpersonal Psychotherapy (Klerman) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cognitive-Behavioral orientation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cognitive Therapy (Beck) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brief Behavioral Marital Therapy (Weiss & Jacobson) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Systems orientation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MRI Brief Therapy Approach (Weakland) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Brief Family Therapy & Solution Focused Therapy (de Shazer) </li></ul><ul><li>Experiential orientation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brief Interpersonal-Developmental-Experiential Therapy (Budman) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adlerian Approach (Adler) </li></ul></ul>
  15. 16. Applications <ul><li>Examples include parenting, marital relationships, and career choice and development. </li></ul><ul><li>These interventions can help individuals cope with developmental milestones, life crises, and change points in their lives. </li></ul><ul><li>Adler developed models to be used in schools as a way to foster healthy development in children </li></ul>

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