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Lightening the Load
Measuring and managing the time and cost burden we
require from the organisations we fund
A presentati...
Overview
1. Funders’ dilemmas
2. How we respond
3. Intended and unintended consequences
4. Measuring the unintended conseq...
Funders’ Dilemmas
• So much need
• So many causes
• So many organisations for every cause
• Not enough money
Todd Foundati...
Funders’ Dilemmas
Therefore….
• How do we fully understand community
needs?
• How do we ensure funding is open and
equitab...
How we respond
Response Intended
Consequences
Contestable
Funding Pools
• Everyone has a fair shot
• Open - not dependent ...
How we respond
Response Intended
Consequences
Unintended
Consequences
Contestable
Funding Pools
• Everyone has a fair shot...
Measuring the unintended consequences
Todd Foundation Presentation to Australian Institute of Grantmaking “Knowledge is Po...
Net Grant example
• You give a $10,000 grant
• It takes 10 hours to apply
• It takes 10 hours for accountability and
impac...
Net Funding example
• You have $100,000 to give in 10 * 10k grants
• You receive 100 applications and award 10
• Net fundi...
Implications
• Time spent serving funders is time not
serving community needs
• We may be reducing the very impact we
seek...
Our journey: Background to Todd Foundation
• Established 1972 by New Zealand’s Todd Family
• NZ$4.7m given in 2014
• Board...
Todd Foundation journey: Our vision & funding
Vision:
Inclusive
communities where
all families,
children and young
people ...
Processes
• One or two year funding (Responsive):
– Initial online application (approx. 10 - 15% chance of success)
– Shor...
Starting to think about funding burden
• Clara Miller from FB Heron Foundation
introduces concept of Net Grants
• Conversa...
Measuring Todd Foundation processes
• Added fields to applications asking how
many hours the process took:
– 2 hours initi...
Todd Foundation funding burden scorecard
1-2 year
funding
5 year
funding
Average Grant $59,000 $69,000
Av Net Grant $58,00...
Seeking the sweet spot
The challenge:
• Open accessible funding AND a reasonable
chance of success
• Rigourous selection p...
Seven helpful responses
• Measure how long to apply and report
• Stage the burden – use 2-step process
• Share the burden ...
Final Thoughts
• Metrics matter… but
• what matters most is the communities
we serve
• “really your job is to get out ther...
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Todd foundation aigm presentation lightening the load

  1. 1. Lightening the Load Measuring and managing the time and cost burden we require from the organisations we fund A presentation to the Australian Institute of Grants Management Conference by Kate Frykberg, Executive Director, Todd Foundation 23 March 2015
  2. 2. Overview 1. Funders’ dilemmas 2. How we respond 3. Intended and unintended consequences 4. Measuring the unintended consequences 5. Todd Foundation’s journey – Who we are – Discovering unintended consequences – Measuring unintended consequences – Defining the sweet spot – 7 helpful responses Todd Foundation Presentation to Australian Institute of Grantmaking “Knowledge is Power” conference 23/3/152
  3. 3. Funders’ Dilemmas • So much need • So many causes • So many organisations for every cause • Not enough money Todd Foundation Presentation to Australian Institute of Grantmaking “Knowledge is Power” conference 23/3/153
  4. 4. Funders’ Dilemmas Therefore…. • How do we fully understand community needs? • How do we ensure funding is open and equitable? • How do we select the best grantees? • How do we know what impact was made? Todd Foundation Presentation to Australian Institute of Grantmaking “Knowledge is Power” conference 23/3/154
  5. 5. How we respond Response Intended Consequences Contestable Funding Pools • Everyone has a fair shot • Open - not dependent on “who you know” Robust grant application processes • In-depth info to support selection process • Applications can easily be compared Robust accountability and evaluation • Reduces risk of misuse of funds • Builds understanding of impact Todd Foundation Presentation to Australian Institute of Grantmaking “Knowledge is Power” conference 23/3/155
  6. 6. How we respond Response Intended Consequences Unintended Consequences Contestable Funding Pools • Everyone has a fair shot • Open - not dependent on “who you know” • Low success rates • Competition not collaboration Robust grant application processes • In-depth info to support selection process • Applications can easily be compared • Time and cost burden • Opportunity cost • Burnout Robust accountability and evaluation • Reduces risk of misuse of funds • Builds understanding of impact • As above • Encourages “success theatre and vanity metrics” Todd Foundation Presentation to Australian Institute of Grantmaking “Knowledge is Power” conference 23/3/156
  7. 7. Measuring the unintended consequences Todd Foundation Presentation to Australian Institute of Grantmaking “Knowledge is Power” conference 23/3/157 Some useful concepts: Funding Burden: Time and costs applicants spend applying for and reporting on grants Net Grant: Money received by a grantee minus funding burden (ie grant - value of the time and costs of applying and reporting) Net Funding: A funders net community benefit – ie the money received by all grantees minus funding burden for successful and unsuccessful applicants
  8. 8. Net Grant example • You give a $10,000 grant • It takes 10 hours to apply • It takes 10 hours for accountability and impact reporting • At $50/hour, funding burden is $1000 (20hrs @ $50) • Net grant is $9,000 (10k-1k) • Except for unsuccessful applicants… • Who have a net grant of -$500 ($0 granted, 10hrs wasted @$50) Todd Foundation Presentation to Australian Institute of Grantmaking “Knowledge is Power” conference 23/3/158
  9. 9. Net Funding example • You have $100,000 to give in 10 * 10k grants • You receive 100 applications and award 10 • Net funding for successful applicants is $90,000 (10 applicants who each spend 20 hours @ $50) • Factor in: – Net funding for 90 unsuccessful applicants is -$45,000 (90 * -$500) – Your costs of administering the funding @10%: -$10,000 • Net funding to the community: $35,000 Todd Foundation Presentation to Australian Institute of Grantmaking “Knowledge is Power” conference 23/3/159
  10. 10. Implications • Time spent serving funders is time not serving community needs • We may be reducing the very impact we seek to make through some of our practices • Funding frustrations are a leading cause of community sector CE burnout • Power dynamics mean we are rarely challenged on our practices Todd Foundation Presentation to Australian Institute of Grantmaking “Knowledge is Power” conference 23/3/1510
  11. 11. Our journey: Background to Todd Foundation • Established 1972 by New Zealand’s Todd Family • NZ$4.7m given in 2014 • Board: 4 family members, 4 external plus investment board of 4 • Staff of 4: – Executive Director – Strategic Advisor (Family and Community) – Strategic Advisor (Youth and Māori) – Office Manager Todd Foundation Presentation to Australian Institute of Grantmaking “Knowledge is Power” conference 23/3/1511
  12. 12. Todd Foundation journey: Our vision & funding Vision: Inclusive communities where all families, children and young people can thrive and contribute General Fund: 1- 2 year responsive funding (60%) Partnership Funding: 5-year proactive funding (25%) Special Focus: Christchurch Earthquake Recovery (12%) Scholarships: University and Polytech Research grants (3%) Todd Foundation Presentation to Australian Institute of Grantmaking “Knowledge is Power” conference 23/3/1512
  13. 13. Processes • One or two year funding (Responsive): – Initial online application (approx. 10 - 15% chance of success) – Short-listing process to invite full proposals (approx. 66% chance of success) – Reporting now in person rather than on paper (Roundtable Reporting) • Five year funding (Proactive): – 3 -5 existing grantees invited to apply each year – 5-year unrestricted funding offered to 3 - 4 grantees, up to 100k per year – Annual gathering to share learnings and additional match funding available for organisational development Todd Foundation Presentation to Australian Institute of Grantmaking “Knowledge is Power” conference 23/3/1513
  14. 14. Starting to think about funding burden • Clara Miller from FB Heron Foundation introduces concept of Net Grants • Conversation with grantee CE: “having 5 years funding from you frees up at least two weeks of my time per year” • Informal grantee survey: – total management time to raise and manage 100k: 3.75 weeks – total staff time to raise and manage 100k: 1 week Todd Foundation Presentation to Australian Institute of Grantmaking “Knowledge is Power” conference 23/3/1514
  15. 15. Measuring Todd Foundation processes • Added fields to applications asking how many hours the process took: – 2 hours initial applications – 6 hours brief proposal (previously funded grantees) – 11 hours full proposal (new grantees) – 14 hours for 5-year funding • Measure overheads as a % of total costs: 8.26% • Relationship management approach and regularly seek feedback Todd Foundation Presentation to Australian Institute of Grantmaking “Knowledge is Power” conference 23/3/1515
  16. 16. Todd Foundation funding burden scorecard 1-2 year funding 5 year funding Average Grant $59,000 $69,000 Av Net Grant $58,000 $68,500 Total Funding $2.44m $1.24m Net Funding $2.37m $1.23m Funding Efficiency 97% 99% Funding Efficiency (inc overheads) 89% 91% Todd Foundation Presentation to Australian Institute of Grantmaking “Knowledge is Power” conference 23/3/1516
  17. 17. Seeking the sweet spot The challenge: • Open accessible funding AND a reasonable chance of success • Rigourous selection process AND low funding burden pre-grant • Deep understanding of what works and what doesn’t AND low funding burden post-grant Todd Foundation Presentation to Australian Institute of Grantmaking “Knowledge is Power” conference 23/3/1517
  18. 18. Seven helpful responses • Measure how long to apply and report • Stage the burden – use 2-step process • Share the burden – we can do the leg work too! • Proportionality matters – vary the burden depending on what’s on offer • Combine responsive and proactive funding • Multi-year funding is better for everyone • Re-use or standardise reporting and evaluations with other funders Todd Foundation Presentation to Australian Institute of Grantmaking “Knowledge is Power” conference 23/3/1518
  19. 19. Final Thoughts • Metrics matter… but • what matters most is the communities we serve • “really your job is to get out there in the community and find out how we can help” (Sir John Todd, Todd Foundation Chairman) • And if we want to be helpful – let’s not inadvertently hinder. Todd Foundation Presentation to Australian Institute of Grantmaking “Knowledge is Power” conference 23/3/1519

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