The name Cavite evolved from the word ―Kawit‖ or ―Cauit,‖ meaning hook, referring to the shape of the land along the
coast of Bacoor Bay. It was mispronounced by the Spaniards as ―Kawite‖ or ―Cavite‖ there being no ―K‖ in the
Castillan alphabet, then changing ―w‖ to ―v‖ so as to conform with their accentuation.
Cavite City is a hook-shape peninsula. It is bounded on the West and Southwest by Manila Bay, on the Northeast by
Cañacao Bay, on the Southeast by Bacoor Bay and on the South by the Municipality of Noveleta. It is located at the
northern tip of the Province of Cavite and lies approximately 34 kilometers southwest of Manila.
Land Area: 1,238.63 has.
Land Uses :
Land Area (in has.)
Protected Areas Other Uses 843
Number of Barangays: 84
Population (NSCB, As of August 1, 2007) : 104,581
Income Class: 4th Class
Major Income Sources: Aquaculture, Services, Tourism
Tourist Destinations: Corregidor Island, Shrine of Ladislao Diwa, Shrine of Nstra Snra dela Soledad de Porta Vaga,
13 Martyrs Monument, Julian Felipe Monument, Fort San Felipe, 100 year old Cavite Slipways, Belfry of Sta. Monica
Special Events / Festivals: Regada (Cavite City Water Festival), Cavite City Christmas Festival, Cavite City Fiesta,
13 Martyrs Day, Ladislao Diwa Day, Julian Felipe Day
Seat of Government: P. Gomez St., Samonte Park, Cavite City
Congressional District: 1
Number of Voting Precincts: 324
Registered Voters (NSCB, 2004): 66,404
Local Officials (as of July 30, 2013)
Geography of Cavite City, Province of Cavite, Philippines
Cavite City Land Area (as of 2007, in hectares)= 1,089
Location of Cavite City, Province of Cavite, Philippines
Cavite City is in the Province of Cavite
Cavite is in the island of Luzon and within Region IV-A.
History of Cavite City, Province of Cavite, Philippines
article from the LGU of Cavite City.
Linked to a narrow strip of land, the name Cavite came from the Tagalog word "Kabit" which means
joined or connected. Another story claims that Cavite came from the word "Kalawit" of "hook"
because it is shaped like a hook.
The city is believed to have been a part of the municipality of Kawit. The place that is now called
Cavite City used to be the trading center for the natives and chinese merchants as early as 932 A.D.
due to its strategic position and extensive coastline.
Cavite City ws called "Puerto de Cavite" (Port of Cavite)", during the early part of the Spanish rule,
being a port of entry and departure for Spanish and foreign ships. The most significant event in
Cavite City's history was the execution of three Filipino priests -Mariano Gomez, Jose Burgos, and
Jacinto Zamora after having been falsely implicated in the Cavite Mutiny of January 20, 1872.
The area was utilized, in 1898. as a naval base by the US Naval Forces supervised by Americans
while the region was governed by Filipino "Presidente Municipales". The Philippe Commission united
the three pueblos of Cavite Puerto, San Roque and Caridad, in 1903, to create the Municipality of
Cavite. The area was further enlarged to include the district of San Antonio and the island of
Cavite bacame the capital of the province by an act of the First Philippine Assembly. Congress
subsequently, passed, in 1945, Republic Act No. 981 transferring the provincial capital to Trece
The municipality of Cavite was converted into a chartedred city by virtue of Commonwealth Act No.
547 of 1990.
People of Cavite City, Province of Cavite, Philippines
Cavite City Population (as of Aug 1, 2007 Census) = 104,581
Cavite City Registered Voters (2009 COMELEC) = 63,878
The dialect Chabacano was widespread in Cavite City, but currently the number of people
speaking the dialect has dwindled.
Elected Government Officials of Cavite City, Province of Cavite,
The Sangguniang Panlungsod is composed of the City (Municipality) Vice-Mayor as Presiding
Officer, regular Sanggunian members (Councilors), the President of the Association of Barangay
Captains and the President of the Sangguniang Kabataan.
They shall exercise and perform the legislative powers and duties as provided for under Republic Act
No. 7160, otherwise known as the Local Government Code of 1991. Shall consider and conduct
thorough study all matters brought to their attention and consequently pass resolutions, enact
ordinances and to introduce recommendations.
Elected Government Officials of Cavite City for the term of 2013-2016
Mayor of Cavite City: PAREDES, TOTIE (LAKAS) LAKAS CHRISTIAN MUSLIM DEMOCRATS
Vice-Mayor of Cavite City: CONSIGO, PENCHIE (LAKAS) LAKAS CHRISTIAN MUSLIM
Councilors of Cavite City
1. CHUA, DENVER (LAKAS) LAKAS CHRISTIAN MUSLIM DEMOCRATS 27033 7.78%
2. ENRIQUEZ, ROMEL (LAKAS) LAKAS CHRISTIAN MUSLIM DEMOCRATS 22725 6.54%
3. LU, MIKE (NP) NACIONALISTA PARTY 22382 6.44%
4. RUSIT, BENZEN RALEIGH (LP) LIBERAL PARTY 21979 6.32%
5. NOVERO, JUN (LP) LIBERAL PARTY 21658 6.23%
6. NUGUID, JAMES (LP) LIBERAL PARTY 20901 6.01%
7. BARRERA, JET (NP) NACIONALISTA PARTY 19103 5.50%
8. MUPAS, MARK (LAKAS) LAKAS CHRISTIAN MUSLIM DEMOCRATS 17707 5.09%
9. ALVAREZ, RIC (NP) NACIONALISTA PARTY 17603 5.06%
10. CRAWFORD, LARRY (LAKAS) LAKAS CHRISTIAN MUSLIM DEMOCRATS 16530 4.76%
Elected Government Officials of Cavite City for the term of 2007-2010
Bernardo Sarmiento Paredes
Romeo Gaudier Ramos Ohmee
1. Edmund Candelaria Tirona
2. Romel Reyes Enriquez
3. Timoteo Rufin Encarnacion III
4. Michael Ruiz Ponsones
5. Dennis Bostero Bernal
6. Fernando Salazar Barron
7. Lawrence Sugatan Crawford
8. Mark Joseph Toledo Mupas
9. Danna Cayetano Cordero
10. Araceli Senaris Yap
Barangay Elected Officials of Cavite City, Cavite
Barangay Elected Officials of Cavite City, Cavite for the term of 2010-2013
Businesses in Cavite City, Province of Cavite, Philippines
We invite you to list your business located in Cavite City.
Give your business a good description. Add your address and contact number if available.
Resorts, restaurants, pension houses, or hotels are welcome to be listed here.
Bakery, Mechanical Shop, Bicycle Shop, Tailor shops can be listed here.
If you have a pharmacy or gas station, it can be listed here too.
Hardware stores, Agrivets, salon, spas, etc. are welcome to be listed.
We do not allow external links except for our sponsors zamboanga.com and maletsky.com. If you
have an external site for your business you may not link to it in Z-Wiki but you can point to it. e.g.
list it like this: www.my??business.com - this tells the people of your website but it does not link
Businesses in Cavite City
1. Cavite City Realty
2. The name of your business, address, phone number
Real Estate for Sale or lease in Cavite City, Province of Cavite,
If you have real estate property, whether its commercial, residential, farm land, or just an empty
lot in Cavite City, you can list that property for free. Click to VIEW, EDIT, or ADD Realty
You can list your House and lot or farm land for sale or lease for free here.
If you are a real estate developer, you can list your subdivision, condominiums, high rises,
apartment complexes, shopping strips or malls, and open market developments for Free.
Churches, Mosques, or Places of Worship in Cavite City, Province of
The name of your church, mosque, or place of worship can be listed here. We can even provide you
with a free webpage for you. We can help you.
Schools in Cavite City, Province of Cavite, Philippines
School year 2013-2014 starts June 3 and ends March 31, 2014, for public elementary and secondary
schools. The school year will have 201 school days, of which 180 days are ―nonnegotiable‖ studentteacher contact time.
The multisectoral Brigada Eskwela to prepare schools for the students’ return will be on May 21-26.
Oplan Balik Eskwela will be from May 28 to June 8 while orientation on K to 12 for parents and other
stakeholders will be on June 9.
Although private schools may deviate from the Department of Education (DepEd) calendar, they are
enjoined not to start before June 3 and later than Aug 31.
School Year 2013-2014 in public elementary and high schools will start on June 3 and end on March
31, 2014 High Schools in Cavite City
Cavite National High School
Columbia Polytechnic Institute
Cavite City, Cavite, Philippines
Cavite City, Cavite, Philippines
Gospel Light Christian Academy
Cavite City, Cavite, Philippines
Colleges in Cavite City
Cavite State University
Pulo II, Cavite City
Saint Joseph College
San Roque, Cavite City
San Sebastian College
Manila-Cavite Blvd., Cavite City
You can also create a webpage for your school. We can help you.
Economy of Cavite City, Province of Cavite, Philippines
If you have an article that talks about the improvement of the economy of Cavite City you can
post that article here. If you come across any news items that talk about the economy of Cavite
City, you may post it here. Of course you have to reference the writer of the article. Any
improvement to transportation, power and service usually improves the economy of the
community, so go ahead and report that too.
Jobs in Cavite City
If you have a job available and that job is within Cavite City, Philippines, you may post it here.
Remember to be as descriptive as possible and to post your Company name, Contact person,
physical address, email address and Phone number.
Post expiration of Job Application. Go ahead and Click
HERE to Insert your job offer in the
"Jobs in Cavite City" page.
Natural Resources of Cavite City, Province of Cavite, Philippines
Protect the environment
Sewer Systems of the Philippines
It is sad but true that as of the year 2012 the rivers of the Philippines continue to be the #1 Sewer
Systems of the Philippines.
Protect & Save the Rivers. Do not let your sewer drain into the river. Your
community can be the first to initiate this project.
Build your riverbank protection with a built-in gutter system. Reforest within Ten Years Guaranteed!
Plant More Trees
Let us plant more trees in every barangay in the entire Philippines. It does not make any
difference if the barangay is urban, partially urban or rural; we need more trees. Trees will
prevent erosion, provide oxygen, prevent green house effect, and even a place of business for
the shade tree mechanic.
The Philippines is a tropical country and practically anything will grow. The DENR has the
planting trees project that goes on every year. Lots of picture taking for the media. Planting trees
one by one is the "human" way of doing it. This individual planting of trees is good if done to
"line" the roads and highways with trees or along fences or property divisions, or if you have a
To reforest the nation of the Philippines we have to plant trees the "mother nature" way. Sow the
seeds during the rainy season. Go deep into "bald" forests and plant trees by sowing seeds. If
there's not enough volunteers to do this, use the military helicopters to fly over the designated
areas and sow the seeds.
Guaranteed within a few years, The Philippines will be lush again. >>Read More
Save The Rivers in the Philippines. They are Dying.
We are using our rivers as our sewer system. If you ask a Filipino, "Are the Filipinos a clean
people?" The answer is an automatic, "Yes!". However, the Filipinos are suffering from the same
disease or attitude as most people do, and that is the "NIMBY" disease or "NIMBY" attitude.
(NIMBY) Not In My Back Yard. So it is OK to dump my garbage and sewer there. Not mine!
Someone else will take care of it.
This attitude is killing our rivers. Your great-grandparents, grandparents or parents were once
proud to tell the stories of how they enjoyed swimming in the river behind your house or nearby.
However, you can't say the same or tell the same stories to your kids or grand kids. Why?
Because your generation is killing the river.
Secretary Ramon J. P. Paje
Department of Environment and Natural Resources
Visayas Avenue, Diliman, 1100 Quezon City, Philippines
We have so much water in the Philippines and yet very little to drink.
Renewable and Sustainable Energy
Instead of relying too much on Diesel fuel and Coal to generate the majority of Philippine's
Electrical energy Supply, we can concentrate more on renewable and sustainable source of
energy such as: Hydro Power, Solar Power, and Wind Power. We have too many black outs.
Tourists Attractions of Cavite City, Province of Cavite, Philippines
Help us add some of the tourist attractions of Cavite City in Z-wiki. This will help boost the
local economy of Cavite City. Anything that is unique or anything that stands out in your
community may be a tourist attraction.
Landmarks are usually photographed a lot by visitors. Post the Cavite City landmarks here.
Festivals, Fiestas and Traditions of Cavite City, Province of Cavite,
Every city has some sort of a festival or tradition that is celebrated every year. In the Philippines
almost all barangays that are predominantly populated by Christians celebrate fiesta. Tell us
about the festivals, fiestas and traditions of Cavite City.
Featured News of The Philippines
PHL among the highest in usage of ASEAN free trade agreements
Tuesday, January 7, 2014
QUEZON CITY, Jan. 7 (PIA) - The Philippines notched among the highest usage of ASEAN trade
deals in the region, according to experts, urging Asian neighbors to adopt the country’s outreach
campaigns to help more businesses reap integration gains.
Efforts to help entrepreneurs meet requirements for obtaining lower tariffs--such as programs
implemented by the Philippines--could bridge the gap between Southeast Asian firms’ current
preference for using bilateral instead of regional deals, the experts said......... Full
PH economy seen growing by 7% this year
Monday, January 6, 2014 4:55 pm
MANILA, Philippines — The Philippine economy is likely to grow by at least 7 percent this year,
aided by additional spending for post-Supertyphoon ―Yolanda‖ reconstruction, First Metro
Investment Corp. said Monday.
―We believe fundamentals will remain strong in 2014 as the country will benefit from the recovery
of the global economy, particularly the U.S. and emergence of eurozone from recession. We
expect emerging markets to stabilize in the next two years,‖ FMIC president Roberto Juanchito
Dispo said at a press briefing.........Full
Date: May 14 - Location: Angono, Rizal
Farmers pay tribute to their patron saints; a procession of carabao carts bearing a myriad local
produce is held; prizes are awarded to the strongest and most beautifully decorated carabaos.
Date: May 14 Location: Pulilan, Bulacan
Hundreds of festively adorned carabaos are paraded by their farmer-owners on the street leading
to the church; there the carabaos are made to kneel down as a homage to San Isidro de Labrado,
the patron saint of farmers.
Sports News of Cavite City, Cavite, Philippines
Every community has its sports hero. Who is the sports hero of Cavite
City? Are there any basketball courts, tennis courts, volleyball courts,
baseball fields, softball fields, or any type of sports area or arena in
Cavite City? Go ahead and list any upcoming sports events in Cavite
ABC bowl kicks off new season tonite
Tuesday, January 7, 2014 12:00 am
MANILA, Philippines - The Architects Bowling Club kicks off its 2014 season at 6 tonight at the ELanes Center in Greenhills, San Juan with this year’s ABC president Denis Jalandoon inviting all
sponsors and ABC members to participate in the weekly tournament backed by mega sponsors
Boysen and Nation Paints.
Duraflex Wires and Cables, Philflex Wires and Cables, Emerald Pipes, Concrete Ventures and
Glass Asia are the event’s major sponsors while other backers are We Konstruct, Crown Pipes,
Spurway, Greystone, Moldex Pipes, Dwightsteel and Steeltech............... Full
Your Story about Cavite City, Province of
Tell your story about Cavite City. You can talk about the good
things in Cavite City or simply talk about the past. You can
talk about the eco-system of Cavite City. What is the local
LGU doing about the preservation of your natural resources?
The topic can start here and once it gets bigger it can have a
page of its own in Z-Wiki. It's all up to you.
The oldest man or woman in Cavite City,
Province of Cavite, Philippines
Do know who the oldest man or woman is in your community
of Cavite City? Z-Wiki is starting this inquiry in order to honor
the older generation of the Philippines. Please provide the full
name, date of birth of the elder and the barangay he/she lives
Cavite City, Cavite, Philippines
supports Philippine Cycling
Philippine Cycling is about cycling in the Philippnes. Philippine
Cycling helps promote bike races, cycling clubs, bicycle tours,
and the development of bicycle trails. Activities are
coordinated with bike shops and cycling clubs throughout the
Philippines to promote the fun of riding bikes. Philippine
Cycling will be coordinating events with tour of Luzon, Visayas
and Mindanao. Road biking and mountain bikings will be
promoted by Philippine Cycling.
Cycling Activity to Participate In
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in all the Provincial, City, Municipal and Barangay pages
Cavite City, Province of Cavite, Philippines
Do the following so your photo upload will be properly
categorized for Cavite City.
Copy and paste the code below in "GREEN" to the body
or "Summary" of the image file that you are uploading.
[[Category:Cavite City, Province of Cavite, Philippines Photo
[[Category:Cavite, Philippines Photo Gallery]]
*[[Cavite City, Cavite, Philippines]]
Cavite Province, Philippines
Cavite City has a total of 84 barangays.
Registered Voters of Cavite City as of (2010) = 62,020
Cavite City is in the "1st" Voting Congressional District of Cavite.
Population of Cavite City (as of Aug 1, 2007) = 104,581
Land Area of Cavite City (as of 2007, in hectares) = 1,089
Cavite City is a 4th class Component City and Urban.
Cavite City is in the Cavite province and within Region IV-A – Calabarzon Region in the island of
Strike B. Revilla (LakasCMD/Magdalo)
Fiesta de la
Celebrated every 2nd and 3rd Sunday of November in honor of Cavite's
patroness, Nuestra Señora de la Soledad de Porta Vaga. It is also known
as Cavite City fiesta.
Also called the "Water Festival", the festival consists of games, street dancing,
photo exhibit, trade fair, concert and water splashing. The festival is done three
days from June 22–24 done in celebration of St. John the Baptist.
The main churches of the province are the Imus Cathedral, San Roque Parish in Cavite
City where the miraculous image of Nuestra Señora de la Soledad de Porta
Vaga enshrined., Bacoor, Silang, Naic, Tanza, Ternate, Indang, General
Trias, Kawit and MaragondonCatholic Churches. The Shrines of Our Lady of La Salette in Silang, and St.
Anne, Tagaytay, also attract pilgrims.
Cavite City to SM Mall of Asia in Pasay.
Nuestra Señora de la Soledad de Porta Vaga (Eng: Our Lady of Solitude of Porta Vaga), or
commonly Our Lady of Porta Vaga, is the patroness of Cavite province in thePhilippines. She is titled
as "Reina de Cavite" ("Queen of Cavite"), "La Excelsa Patrona y La Celestial Guardiana y Protectora de
la Provincia de Cavite y su Puerto" (The Exalted Patroness and the Celestial Guardian and Protectress of
the Province of Cavite and its Port). This icon of the Virgin Mary depicted as Our Lady of Solitude is
enshrined at San Roque Church in Cavite City. She is well known for her miracles, thus, she is also called
as The Virgin of Thousand Miracles and the Patroness of the Galleons. The devotion to Our Lady of Porta
Vaga is one of the famous Marian devotions in the Philippines.
The Blessed Virgin Mary is depicted as garbed in black and white, kneeling as she contemplates the
instruments of her Son's Passion. Before her are the crown of thorns and the nails. The icon is painted
on a canvas framed in carved wood. The painting itself is set in gold and silver accouterments with
precious gems that are ex votos from her devotees. An inscription found at the back of the painting says:
"A doze de Abril 1692 años Juan Oliba puso esta Stma. Ymagen Haqui" ("On 12 of April 1692, Juan
Oliba placed this most holy image here"). It is considered an invaluable treasure inherited by the
Caviteños, and is the oldest extant dated Marian painting in the Philippines.
2013 photo of Nuestra Señora de la Soledad de Porta Vaga
A legend narrates that during the Spanish colonial era, at the peak of Cavite's economic prosperity
because of the Manila-Acapulco Galleon Trade, a small detachment of the Spanish Guardia Civil was
stationed at a garita (little garrison, or sentry post) located at thePorta Vaga entrance to the Cavite Port,
at the end of the isthmus separating it from Barrio San Roque. One stormy night, a Spanish sentinel was
at his post and he perceived a bright, shifting light. A dazzling apparition rose from the currents
of Cañacao Bay, startling the sentry with suspicion that it could be pirates out to raid the port.
Frightened, the sentinel shouted, "¡Alto! ¡Alto!" ("Halt! Halt!"). Instead of stopping, the light proceeded
toward him. Hence, in a loud voice he asked, "¿Quién vive?" ("Who is there?"). He then heard a sweet
and melodious voice reply,
"Soldadito, ¿por qué el alto me das en noche tan fría? Dame paso. ¿No conoces a María?"
("Little Soldier, why halt me on a night so cold? Give me passage. Don't you know Mary?")
The sentinel, struck in awe and confusion, humbly and repentantly replied,
"Perdóname, Virgen María, Reina de mi devoción; pues solo soy un soldado que cumplo mi obligación!"
("Forgive me, Virgin Mary, Queen of my devotion; I am but a soldier that complies with my duty!")
The following morning, fisherman and workers at the Cavite Royal Arsenal passed through the Porta
Vaga (Vaga Gate) and found a framed image of the Virgin on the beach along Cañacao Bay near the
place of her earlier apparition. They brought the image to the parish priest who temporarily installed it in
the parish church. Eventually, the Ermita de Porta Vaga (Chapel of Porta Vaga) was built along the Porta
Vaga walls, and for three centuries served as the shrine of Our Lady of Solitude. The icon was used to
bless the tradinggalleons plying between Cavite and Acapulco, Mexico during formal sending off
ceremonies, earning her the title "Patroness of the Galleon."
In 1929, a new parish priest, Fr. Pedro Lerena y Lerena of Logroño, Spain, was assigned to the Cavite
Port. At the same time, he was appointed Rector of the Ermita. His great dedication to the cause of Our
Lady of Porta Vaga saw the beautification and the improvement of the Ermita through the years.
During the Second World War, Fr. Lerena was able to retrieve the precious image of the Virgin from a
junkyard where it was thrown by the Japanese invaders and brought it to the Archbishop’s Palace
in Intramuros, Manila and later to the vaults of the Philippine National Bank for safekeeping. It was
brought back to Cavite only after the liberation in 1945, this time to her home at the San Roque
Churchbecause the Ermita was destroyed by bombs during the war. Fr. Lerena served as the guardian of
Cavite’s priceless treasure until his death in 1972.
Through the joint efforts of Msgr. Baraquiel Mojica, former parish priest of San Roque, and Bishop Felix
Perez of the Diocese of Imus, this miraculous icon of the Virgin of Solitude was canonically crowned on
November 17, 1978 by Apostolic Nuncio to the Philippines Most Rev. Bruno Torpigliani, D.D., during the
reign of Pope John Paul II. She was the first Philippine Marian image crowned during his pontificate.
A Pontifical High Mass was offered in her honor at the Binondo Church in Binondo, Manila followed by a
musical concert featuring the works of the National Artist Lucio San Pedro. Devotion to Our Lady gave the
Caviteños the opportunity to show their art skills.
Theft and return
On March 16, 1984, the icon of the Virgin was sacrilegiously stolen from its altar. After tedious months of
search, it was recovered on August 15, 1984, albeit divested of all its original gold decorations and
precious stones. Every effort was made by devotees to restore the image to its former glory, and on
August 19, 1984, it was re-enshrined in the altar amidst much rejoicing.
Countless miracles have been attributed to the Virgen de la Soledad. Her mysterious apparition and the
unexplained arrival of her image were initial revelations of her miraculous reign. During the
terrible typhoon in 1830, a fire caused by lightning bolt hit the wooden altar of the Ermita and razed the
chapel to the ground, but the image of the Virgin remained intact among the ashes. In 1856, another
terrible typhoon flooded the houses, churches and public buildings within the Port but the Ermita, as well
as its patio were found dry so the people took refuge in the Church. In 1857, a Spanish frigate based in
Cavite was caught by a violent typhoon off the coast of Albayprovince and was stranded for 20 days after
running aground. The crew prayed before an image of the Soledad. She appeared before them that night
and the tide rose higher and the wind began to blow, thus releasing the frigate free from its rocky trap.
There have been other miracles attributed to the Virgin with the passing of the years including present
day accounts of healings, families reunited and family problems solved.
Our Lady of Solitude of Porta Vaga is one of the most venerated Marian images in Cavite. Her feast is
celebrated every second and third Sunday of November in Cavite City. She is also associated with
annual Lenten rites and the All Saints-All Souls Day observances where she is alluded to as "Inang
Magkakandila" (Mother Candlemaker). The image celebrated the Pearl Jubilee of its coronation 2008 and
the Silver Jubilee of its return the following year.
Nuestra Señora de la Soledad of San Isidro Labrador Parish Church in San Isidro, Nueva Ecija.
The Cofradia de la Virgen de la Soledad de Porta Vaga presently led by Rev. Fr. Virgilio Saenz Mendoza
and Jonnell Ryan I. Enriquez heads the devotees of Our Lady. It was established in August 1998 through
the efforts of the late Antonio G. Nazareno and then Bishop Manuel B. Sobrevinias. Devotees include
overseas Filipino workers and other foreign nationals who flock to the country to join the Porta Vaga
Replicas of the Ynang Nag-Iisa (Mother [Mary] of Solitude, as she is called in Tagalog), are also
venerated in San Isidro, Nueva Ecija; Camba in Tondo, Manila; San Carlos, Pangasinan and Buhi,
In 1892, Julian Felipe, composer of the Philippine national anthem, penned the hymn "Reina de Cavite"
on the occasion of her fiesta and the opening of the Exposición Regionál Caviteña(Cavite Regional
Exposition).. The lyrics were taken from the poem Himmo a la Virgén de Cavite (Hymn to the Virgin of
Cavite) by Fr. Tomás de Andrade, the rector of the Jesuit College of Cavite sometime in 1689.
Cavite City is located at the northern tip of Cavite Province, 34 kilometers
south of Manila and bounded by three bays--Cañacao, Manila and Bacoor—
and the Municipality of Noveleta.
Fishing is the primary industry of the city with its almost 190 kilometers of
coastline and varying fishing grounds that includes estuarine and brackish
water. The city is most known for its mussel and oyster production.
Only a few places in the country could lay claim to being a “cradle of
history,” and Cavite City is one of them. Many of the country’s historical
events transpired here, from the Cavite Mutiny of 1872—the so-called
“Grandmother Event of the Philippine Revolution—“the unfurling of the
Philippine Flag, the birthplace of the Philippine National Anthem and the
first transatlantic flight, which set into motion Philippine aviation.
Unknown to many, Cavite City maintains territorial jurisdiction over
Corregidor Island – the last bastion of the country’s military defense
against the Japanese invaders during World War II. This island just off the
shore of Manila Bay has been declared a national historical site and one of
the country’s main tourist attractions.
Fort San Felipe, one of the country’s remaining Spanish forts, is likewise
located in the city. Now integrated within a military installation, it has been
converted into a museum that houses several naval artifacts depicting the
city’s rich maritime and naval history.
Cavite City is a relatively peaceful community owing to a high crime
solution rate of 98%. Cohort survival rates are also comparatively high at
86.92% at the elementary level and 89.46% at the secondary. Literacy rate is
also high at 97.39%. The average household income in 2000 was P117,559
(NSO 2000), with the poverty threshold at P17,437.00 which is way above
the regional standard. Minimum wage for non-agricultural labor in 2006
was Php 267 per day.
67% of the city’s population is eligible for the labor force (2005). The annual
employment rate is around 87%. Majority of the residents are engaged in
fishing, owing to the fact that the City has 35 coastal barangays. Although
the city itself has limited employment opportunities, the problem of
unemployment is negated by the availability and quality of its human
resources who seek employment in nearby cities and municipalities.
There are 11 public pre-schools, 12 public elementary schools, 2 national
high schools, one (1) state university and one (1) public technical school
in the city. Complementing these public institutions are 28 private preElementary schools, 25 privately
owned elementary schools, 11 private
high schools, two (2) private colleges and one (1) private vocational. This
contributes to the high cohort survival and literacy rates of its residents.
Health institutions in the city consist of one (1) district hospital, two (2)
military medical facilities, five (5) Rural Health Units, a City Lying-In Hospital
and two (2) private medical facilities
The percentage of households living with security of tenure is 83.43%
while 16.57% are living in informal settlements. Those with access to piped
water (level 3) comprise 79.15% of the population. There is a problem
though with regard to saltwater intrusion into the aquifer making the
groundwater unsafe for drinking. Close to 100% of households have
access to toilet facilities (94.51%) and power (93.125%). Telephone service
is available from two companies.
Since the city is surrounded by water, keeping the water clean is a major
challenge. The establishment of many illegal fish pens aggravates this
problem. Moreover, there is also the difficulty of patrolling the waters for
illegal fishers and fishermen from other areas due to lack of manpower and
Inadequate training for fishermen on appropriate fishing methods has
resulted in low production and the low quality of the mussels and oysters
The city has a cumulative land area of 1,238.63 has, 68% of which is under
the jurisdiction of the national government. These include Sangley Point,
a navy installation established by the U.S. Government in WW II, Fort San
Felipe and the Islands of Corregidor.
The lack of available land for development is a drawback to the city in
attracting more entrepreneurs and businesses.
The wide expanse of sea totaling 1,800 sq. km and a coastline of 190 sq. km.
surrounds the city. Likewise, it has an estuarine area of 30.84 hectares along
Manila Bay and brackish water pond of 5.45 hectares located in Bacoor
Bay that could be utilized for aquaculture of mussels, oysters, “bangus”
(milkfish), lapu-lapu and “sugpo“ (shrimps).
Cavite City’s proximity to Metro Manila and other commercial centers
makes its products accessible to other markets. This is complemented by
24 hour transport facilities that facilitate the transfer of goods to adjacent
The city is blessed to have a natural harbour in Cañacao Bay. Natural
harbors have long been of great strategic and economic importance. This
was evident in the city’s role in the Acapulco-Manila Galleon trade during
the Spanish period and the strategic locations of the military installation
such as Sangley Point and Fort San Felipe.
The city has no fish port and cold storage facilities for processing of its aquaculture products. The
existing pier and seaport are located within military
bases and therefore inaccessible to the public. However, the issuance of
Executive Order No. 629 by the Arroyo Administration in June of 2007 is
anticipated to pave the way for the city’s re-emergence as an important
player in the transportation of industrial goods within and outside the
country. This directive allows the Philippine Reclamation Authority to
convert Sangley Point into an International Logistics Hub which includes
an airport and seaport through the reclamation of portions of Bacoor and
The local Tourism Council has developed a “histo-cultural” tour for students
and tourists to promote the city’s historical sites. It has also institutionalized 8 |
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various festivals such as the Live Via Crusis during the Lenten season, the
Regada Festival during the Feast of St. John in June, the annual City Fiesta
every November and the Christmas Festival in December. While the council
is available and active, there is no Tourism Office to provide administrative
and operational support to expand these activities. There is also a lack
of tourism facilities, such as hotels or information centers that could be
utilized in promoting and disseminating vital information about Cavite.
Likewise, there is a need to rehabilitate and highlight existing historical
markers and monuments. At present, the City Government has undertaken
initial steps to strengthen its bid to promote its tourism potentials through
the construction of a Local Tourism Office.
Cavite is a Fourth-Class Component City, with a total income of Php225.06
million (2007). The internal revenue allotment (IRA) acounts for 75.2%
of the total income, while majority of local revenues are generated from
business income (5.2%), with permits and licenses, service income and
other sources jointly representing the balance.
The bulk of the City Government’s expenditures go to maintenance and
other operating expenses 57.4%, followed by personnel services 43%; and
financial expenses 2.4%. The city’s capital outlay expenditures represent
14.59% of the total budget for 2007.
The city’s debt servicing capacity to total current income (regular
sources and IRA) amounts to 9.7% and the city’s current assets total
to Php26,398,760.51 and total property, plant and equipment (net) is
Php188,287,441.22 or a total of Php214,686,201.73.
The present efforts of the local government is focused on intensified tax
collection, updating real property tax values, as well as improvement of front
line services through information technology. The city requires policies that
would enhance fiscal autonomy and improve tax administration system.
The city government has a total 350 employees, of which 95% are
permanent, 2% are co-terminus, and 3% are casuals. Out of the city’s
expenditure, 43% of it is allotted to wages of its personnel.
Cavite City is fortunate to have the active participation of its tourism
council and NGOs in all of its activities and projects. It has a functional
Local Development Council, with more than 20% NGO representatives
that meets twice a year to identify projects and programs that would be
undertaken on a yearly basis.
In order to increase participation of civil society and the business sector
in the affairs of the city government, there is a need to expand the
membership of other mandated councils, such as Local Health Board,
Local School Board, Local Finance Board, Nutrition Council, Gender and
Development Council, Council for the Protection of Children, Small and
Medium Enterprises Development Council, Peace and Order Council,
Disaster Coordinating Council,
Cavite City has a Legislative Agenda that complements the Executive
Agenda. This is developed in consultation with stakeholders and provides
legislative action on the Local Development Plan. Periodic barangay-level
consultations (at least 2 times a year) are also held to seek the stake holder’s
views and opinions. The city also has sufficient feedback mechanisms
in place that would disseminate and receive information to and from its
constituency through e-mail, billboards, information and complaint desks,
radio station and local newspapers. Public documents such as transaction
records and contract documents are accessible to the public.
Front line services for Business and Licensing and Real Property Tax
Assessment (RPTA) are already computerized. Although more aspects of
the city government’s operations still await development in technology
that could help increase levels of efficiency and transparency.
Finally, there is a great need for aggressive implementation of the
Comprehensive Land and Sea Use Development Plan (CLUP) and
other Zoning Ordinances to properly manage the direction of the city’s
VISION & CITY BRAND
“A seaport community by the bay, that positions itself as a premier
“histo-cultural” destination in the CALABARZON and Mega Manila
area and as a major aquaculture products provider by 2015”
As the “Historic and Culture City by the Bay” the city aims to optimize its
proximity to the seas by developing its seaport community and in the
process capture a significant share of the market for mussels and oyster
production in Cavite province and its adjacent areas. This will establish
Cavite City as the center of aquaculture production. 10 |
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It is also envisioned to be the center of local and foreign investments
by opening the market for trade and commerce, export processing
zones, shipbuilding/repair; and industrial parks, to promote employment
opportunities and a gateway that would link the city through roads and
bridges to the metropolis.
Finally, it seeks to utilize the richness of its history as an enticement for
local and foreign tourists to visit the city and relive our libertarian struggle
in the site where it all started.
Towards the realization of its vision and development goals, the city has
outlined several strategies that would shape the priority interventions of
Program - To organize
in a resettlement community.
System Program - To safeguard and protect the city’s
limited source of potable water
Program - To provide
a continuing and sustainable social
service program and projects
Protection Program - To formulate policies and programs
that would protect the environment and maintain its cleanliness for
System (Mobility) - Link-up with Metro Manila and
other local destination by land and sea transport.
Infrastructure Program - To build tourism-related
Tourism Promotion Program - To market the city’s
rich history and culture to heighten its people’s awareness as well as
prospective local and foreign visitors
Plan - To formulate a zoning or sea utilization plan
Coastal and Sea Use
for the three bays
Development and Marketing Program - To formulate
Aquaculture Development Marketing Program
A. To construct a production or market-related facilities
B. Creation of other support services for aquaculture
- Formulation of ordinancesthat aimsto enhance
Fiscal Policy Program
its financial policies and improve Capital Investment Program
Program - To improve business structures and
facilities to improve local revenue extraction
Tourism Development Plan - To strengthen and
institutionalize tourism as a focal point of the city’s development