Open Data, Commons, Code for
Europe in Amsterdam
Connected Smart Cities,18 th Febr 2014, Brussels
Open Innovation Policy
Open Data. Why?
Public sector staff recognize the importance of open
data, but many are unsure how to use it. (Guardian
Research, June 2013)
Open Data. Why?
Default mindset Gov = Closed. How to fight this?
• Economic gains
• Societal values
• Accountability of government
• Proactivity on market demands and new civic services
- > Transformational public services
• How to Make Digital Agenda endeavors local?
While 72% of the interviewed civil servants understood that
open data would be very important over the next three
years, 78% did not know about specific government open
data initiatives or what their benefits would be.
….and 66% did not understand their personal role in
delivering the open data agenda.
(Source: Open Data Policy Research, Guardian, June 2013)
Open Data Controversial for Local Governments
Open Data chances are
unrevealed for governments.
Because of ICT legacy focus,
Vendor- and Open Data
Who to choose? What to choose?
Huge range of non proprietary
and proprietary systems.
-ODP Open Data Partnership
-Open Data Institute
-Open Knowledge Foundation
Vocabularies Policy Makers
“What is the evidence that
we should release
“How many start ups have
been created since we
launched the first datasets”
“Can Open Data repair a
3. EU Data Project: City SDK (service development toolkit)
Amsterdam – Strong Open Data Ecosystem partners
Strong SME’s, hackers’, coders
Innovation Intermediaries >>
Open minded City Gov
Open Data Evolution in Amsterdam
• In 2010 hackers, innovation labs and SME’s, web
entrepreneurs requested the first datasets
• 28 datasets open in 2011
• >350 datasets open in 2014
• 2010 – 0 euro budget
• 2013 – 1,5 M euro budget
• 2014- lobby for 0.5 M local resources and many EU projects
• From 2013 Open Data Program – by Amsterdam Economic
• 3 EU projects that promote the value of Open Data
Best Practices Open Data
• 30 apps have been launched
(face recognition by portrays)
• High educational impact
• Positive PR for the museum
• Reach of new younger
https://www.rijksmuseum.nl/api -110.000 high resolution
photo’s of the collection
Open Data Observations
1. Open Data Catalysts are strongly dependent on
external financing and networking (role for
Enoll, Connected Smart Cities)- Liberate open data
2. Vocabularies match between policy makers and open
3. Produce user cases to discover the enormous
underexploited value of data
4. Watch out with corporate Big Data providers
5. Encourage cities to move toward Commons, peer
reviewed open data vendors