The most outstandingBritish Painters of the XVIII century
• The history of •Beginning with the British painting is early eighteenth intimately century, English artists linked with the began to develop their broader traditions of own styles in European portraiture and allegorical painting . painting. German, For rather more than a Dutch, and Flemish century England was to artists. British see a brilliant succession painters found of geniuses: inspiration and •Joshua Reynolds, guidance from their journeys abroad, in •Thomas Italy especially. Gainsborough •John Constable •William Turner.
Joshua Reynolds Born in Devonshire, England Possessed an exceptionally strong will, determination to succeed, personal creative power and variety of pictorial invention Specialized in portraiture, group pictures and historical themes•Brought fresh tendencies to the ceremonialportraiture• Worked mostly with socially prominentpeople• Became an important influence on hiscontemporaries
M st famo us canvase s: o•Mrs Siddons as the Tragic Muse •The Portrait of Admiral Keppel
Three Ladies Adorning the Term of Hymen The Portrait of Nelly O’Brien
Thomas GainsboroughBirth: Suffolk, Depicted both, the richEngland (1727); and the poor;Acquired love of Had a longing forrustic scenes; painting landscapes more than for portraits;Diversified interests(an amateur violinist Influenced hisand lover of the successors;drama). Death: 1788.
T. Gainsborough’s Innovations combined two branches of art:landscape painting andportraiture; achieved phenomenon of opticsand spectroscopy; avoided artificiality; transient impression of the sitters.