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BASAL METABOLIC RATE BMR.pptx

Basal metabolic rate (BMR) is affected by several genetic, physical, hormonal, environmental, and dietary factors. Genetics and certain disorders can cause faster or slower BMR. Physical activity and exercise increase muscle mass and metabolism. Hormonal imbalances like hypo- and hyperthyroidism impact metabolism. Environmental temperatures force the body to work harder to maintain its temperature, increasing BMR. Caffeine, nicotine, and some medications can increase BMR, while others can cause weight gain. Diet and eating habits significantly influence BMR.

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BMR
BASAL METABOLIC RATE
PRESENTED BY
Mr.Karthick J.
Genetics:
 Some families have faster BMR than others with some
genetic disorders also affecting metabolism.
Physical activity:
 Exercise increases muscle mass and powers up
metabolic engines burning kilojoules at a faster rate,
even when at rest.
Hormonal factors:
 Hormonal imbalances such as hypo &
hyperthyroidism can affect metabolism.
Environmental factors:
 Environmental changes such as increased heat or
cold forces the body to work harder to maintain
its normal temperature and increases BMR.
Drugs:
 Caffeine and nicotine can increase your BMR whilst
medications such as antidepressants and steroids
increase weight gain regardless of what you eat.
Diet:
 Food changes the metabolism. What and how
eating has a big influence on BMR.
 This list shows us that some things can change
to alter BMR and some things can’t. The good
news is that can do plenty to alter the balance.
BASAL METABOLIC RATE BMR.pptx

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BASAL METABOLIC RATE BMR.pptx

  • 2. Genetics:  Some families have faster BMR than others with some genetic disorders also affecting metabolism. Physical activity:  Exercise increases muscle mass and powers up metabolic engines burning kilojoules at a faster rate, even when at rest.
  • 3. Hormonal factors:  Hormonal imbalances such as hypo & hyperthyroidism can affect metabolism. Environmental factors:  Environmental changes such as increased heat or cold forces the body to work harder to maintain its normal temperature and increases BMR.
  • 4. Drugs:  Caffeine and nicotine can increase your BMR whilst medications such as antidepressants and steroids increase weight gain regardless of what you eat.
  • 5. Diet:  Food changes the metabolism. What and how eating has a big influence on BMR.  This list shows us that some things can change to alter BMR and some things can’t. The good news is that can do plenty to alter the balance.