Diabetes

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Diabetes

  1. 2. Definition Difference: Type 1 & type 2 Treatment & Prevention Symptom & Diagnoses Cause Diabetes Type 1
  2. 3. Definition <ul><li>Type 1 diabetes is a chronic (lifelong) disease that occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin to properly control blood sugar levels. </li></ul><ul><li>It is an autoimmune disease, cells of the immune system attack particular cells in the pancreas — called beta cells — that produce insulin. </li></ul><ul><li>It used to be called juvenile or insulin-dependent diabetes. </li></ul>
  3. 4. Causes <ul><li>The exact cause is unknown. </li></ul><ul><li>However, it's possible that is may be triggered by a virus or other autoimmune diseases, or it may run in your family. </li></ul>
  4. 5. Symptoms & Diagnoses <ul><li>Symptoms : </li></ul><ul><li>* increased thirst </li></ul><ul><li>* increased urination </li></ul><ul><li>* weight loss despite increased appetite </li></ul><ul><li>* nausea </li></ul><ul><li>* vomiting </li></ul><ul><li>* abdominal pain </li></ul><ul><li>* fatigue </li></ul><ul><li>* absence of menstruation </li></ul><ul><li>Diagnoses : </li></ul><ul><li>Insulin test low or undetectable level of insulin </li></ul><ul><li>C-peptide test low or undetectable level of the protein C-peptide, a by-product of insulin production </li></ul><ul><li>Blood test - fasting blood glucose is 126 mg/dL or higher - random (nonfasting) blood glucose exceeds 200 mg/dL (this must be confimed with a fasting test) </li></ul>
  5. 6. Treatment & Prevention <ul><li>There isn't a cure for type 1 diabetes but it can be controlled with : </li></ul><ul><li>1. Medicines </li></ul><ul><li>- Type 1 diabetes can be controlled by giving your body insulin. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Controlling your blood glucose </li></ul><ul><li>3. A healthy lifestyle </li></ul><ul><li>- D iet </li></ul><ul><li>- Physical activity </li></ul><ul><li>- Foot care </li></ul>
  6. 7. Difference <ul><li>Type 1 Diabetes : </li></ul><ul><li>1. Usually begins in childhood </li></ul><ul><li>2. Unknown cause </li></ul><ul><li>3. Called juvenile or insulin- dependent diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>4. The body is producing no insulin </li></ul><ul><li>Type 2 Diabetes : </li></ul><ul><li>1. Because they were overweight and unfit </li></ul><ul><li>2. Called adult or non-insulin-dependent diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>3. The cells do not respond correctly to the insulin </li></ul><ul><li>4. Pancreas still produces some insulin </li></ul>
  7. 8. Bibliography <ul><li>http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/7504.php </li></ul><ul><li>http://bodyandhealth.canada.com/condition_info_details.asp?disease_id=213 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/diabetestype1.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://chinese-school.netfirms.com/diabetes-mellitus-type-1.html </li></ul>

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