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Ecological
Concept of IPM
Why study ecology?
Ecology
Ecology is a branch of science that
involves the study of living organisms
and their surroundings.
Ecology involve...
Species
Groups of actually or potentially interbreeding
natural populations that are reproductively
isolated from other su...
R and k strategy
In ecology, r/K selection theory relates to the selection of
combinations of traits in an organism that t...
R and k strategy
R Unstable environment, density
independent
KStable environment, density dependent
interactions
small siz...
R and k strategy
where r is the maximum growth rate of the population (N), K is the carrying
capacity of its local environ...
Population
A collection of
individuals of one
species that exist in
some define
geographical area.
Guild
A group of species
that exploit the
same resources in a
similar manner.
Community
A group of
population occurring
in the same
geographical area.
The condition of having or being
composed of differing
elements : VARIETY; especially : the
inclusion of different types o...
Tropic pyramid
Representation of
density ( or
energy/nutrients) at
several tropic levels.
Biological magnification
Successive increase in
toxin concentration up
through a food
pyramid.
Tropic web
Diagram of
connections between
tropic levels
Stability
The ability of an ecosystem
to return the equilibrium
following a perturbation
refers to the tendency of a
sys...
Succession
Progressive changes
in community
structure through
time.
Nutrient cycle
The cycle transition
of nutrients trough
multiple forms
Productivity
The amount of
material or energy
formed by a
community in a
specific time period.
Did you know what
secondary
metabolize is?
Ecological Concepts of Integrated Pest Management
Ecological Concepts of Integrated Pest Management
Ecological Concepts of Integrated Pest Management
Ecological Concepts of Integrated Pest Management
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Ecological Concepts of Integrated Pest Management

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A report about the Ecological Concepts of Integrated Pest Management

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Ecological Concepts of Integrated Pest Management

  1. 1. Ecological Concept of IPM
  2. 2. Why study ecology?
  3. 3. Ecology Ecology is a branch of science that involves the study of living organisms and their surroundings. Ecology involves use of scientific methodology via lab experiments to understands how the different organisms grow, populate, how they interact with other organisms either as parasites ,predators, how the organisms die out as well as how they evolve or adapt to changing climatic and environmental situations.
  4. 4. Species Groups of actually or potentially interbreeding natural populations that are reproductively isolated from other such groups.
  5. 5. R and k strategy In ecology, r/K selection theory relates to the selection of combinations of traits in an organism that trade off between quantity and quality of offspring.
  6. 6. R and k strategy R Unstable environment, density independent KStable environment, density dependent interactions small size of organism large size of organism energy used to make each individual is low energy used to make each individual is high many offspring are produced few offspring are produced early maturity late maturity, often after a prolonged period of parental care short life expectancy long life expectancy each individual reproduces only once individuals can reproduce more than once in their lifetime type III survivorship pattern in which most of the individuals die within a short time but a few live much longer type I or II survivorship pattern in which most individuals live to near the maximum life span
  7. 7. R and k strategy where r is the maximum growth rate of the population (N), K is the carrying capacity of its local environmental setting, and the notation dN/dt stands for the derivative of N with respect to t (time). Thus, the equation relates the rate of change of the population N to the current population size and expresses the effect of the two parameters. In the etymology of the Verhulst equation, r comes from rate while K comes from carrying capacity. In German, the word for capacity is Kapazität and K stands for the"Kapazitätsgrenze" (capacity limit).
  8. 8. Population A collection of individuals of one species that exist in some define geographical area.
  9. 9. Guild A group of species that exploit the same resources in a similar manner.
  10. 10. Community A group of population occurring in the same geographical area.
  11. 11. The condition of having or being composed of differing elements : VARIETY; especially : the inclusion of different types of people (as people of different races or cultures) in a group or organization .
  12. 12. Tropic pyramid Representation of density ( or energy/nutrients) at several tropic levels.
  13. 13. Biological magnification Successive increase in toxin concentration up through a food pyramid.
  14. 14. Tropic web Diagram of connections between tropic levels
  15. 15. Stability The ability of an ecosystem to return the equilibrium following a perturbation refers to the tendency of a system to return to a position of equilibrium when disturbed.
  16. 16. Succession Progressive changes in community structure through time.
  17. 17. Nutrient cycle The cycle transition of nutrients trough multiple forms
  18. 18. Productivity The amount of material or energy formed by a community in a specific time period.
  19. 19. Did you know what secondary metabolize is?

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