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© 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 1
CONTAINER
ORCHESTRATION
WARS
( Micro Edition )
© 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 2
KARL WHO?
Where?
- Mesosphere
- Pivotal
What?
- DC/OS
- Kubernetes (on Meso...
© 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 3
Revisionist History of Distributed Computing
Container Orchestration
Platfo...
© 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 4
IN THE BEGINNING...
Sombrero Galaxy by ESA/Hubble - CC BY 4.0
© 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Hardware
Operating System
Application
5
COMPUTERS
© 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Hardware
Operating System
Web Application
6
INTERNET
- Remote Users!
© 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Web App
Hardware
Operating
System
7
DISTRIBUTION
- Horizontal Scale
- Fault T...
© 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Service Service Service
Web App Web App Web App
Hardware
Operating
System
8
S...
© 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Service Service Service
Web App Web App Web App
Machine
Operating
System
9
HA...
© 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Operating
System
Operating
System
Operating
System
ServiceApp ServiceServiceA...
© 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
ServiceApp ServiceServiceAppApp
OS
11
CONTAINERS
- Rapid deployment
- Depende...
© 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Service
Container Runtime Container Runtime Container Runtime
OS
12
CONTAINER...
© 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 13
CONTAINER ORCA-WHAT-NOW?
Scheduling, Coordination, & Management
of
Contain...
© 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 14
© 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Orchestration
15
Machine Infrastructure
Web Apps & Services
Scheduling
Resour...
© 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 16
SCHEDULING
- Placement
- Replication/Scaling
- Resurrection
- Rescheduling...
© 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 17
SCALABILITY
Performance, Responsiveness, Efficiency
AVAILABILITY
Fault Tol...
© 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 18
PLATFORM
A base of technologies on which other technologies or processes a...
© 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
INFRASTRUCTURE PLATFORM
e.g., OpenStack, VMware vSphere
CONTAINER PLATFORM
e....
© 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
CLOUD INFRASTRUCTURE PLATFORM
e.g., Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud, Microsoft A...
© 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 21
© 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 22
TODAY’S
CONTESTANTS
- Docker Swarm
- ECS
- Kontena
- Nomad
- Kubernetes
- ...
© 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 23
SCHEDULING
ORCHESTRATION FUNCTIONAL COMPARISON (06/2016)
Placement
Kuberne...
© 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 24
RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
ORCHESTRATION FUNCTIONAL COMPARISON (06/2016)
Memory
K...
© 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 25
SERVICE MANAGEMENT
ORCHESTRATION FUNCTIONAL COMPARISON (06/2016)
Labels
Ku...
© 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 26
CONTAINERIZATION
- Stability & maturity
- Standard image format
- Distinct...
© 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 27
DC/OS
- Resource Management
- Universal Containerizer
- Container Orchestr...
© 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 28
"Let's face it, the universe is messy. It is nonlinear,
turbulent, and cha...
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Container Orchestration Wars (Micro Edition)

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Karl Isenberg reviews the history of distributed computing, classifies multiple different platform layers, and performs a head-to-head comparison of several container orchestration solutions, including Kubernetes, Marathon, and Docker Swarm. Learn which features and qualities are critical for container orchestration and how you can apply this knowledge when evaluating platforms.

On Periscope: https://www.periscope.tv/mesosphere/1RDGlLplaeOGL

Published in: Technology
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Container Orchestration Wars (Micro Edition)

  1. 1. © 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 1 CONTAINER ORCHESTRATION WARS ( Micro Edition )
  2. 2. © 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 2 KARL WHO? Where? - Mesosphere - Pivotal What? - DC/OS - Kubernetes (on Mesos) - CloudFoundry - BOSH - github.com/karlkfi - twitter.com/karlkfi - linkedin.com/in/karlkfi - karl.isenberg.us
  3. 3. © 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 3 Revisionist History of Distributed Computing Container Orchestration Platforms Competitive Landscape The Future AGENDA
  4. 4. © 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 4 IN THE BEGINNING... Sombrero Galaxy by ESA/Hubble - CC BY 4.0
  5. 5. © 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Hardware Operating System Application 5 COMPUTERS
  6. 6. © 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Hardware Operating System Web Application 6 INTERNET - Remote Users!
  7. 7. © 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Web App Hardware Operating System 7 DISTRIBUTION - Horizontal Scale - Fault Tolerance - Availability - Load Balancing Operating System Operating System Hardware Hardware Web App Web App
  8. 8. © 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Service Service Service Web App Web App Web App Hardware Operating System 8 SERVICE- ORIENTED ARCHITECTURE - Separation of concerns - Optimization of bottlenecks - Smaller teams - API Contracts - Data replication - Complicated provisioning - Dependency management Operating System Operating System Hardware Hardware
  9. 9. © 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Service Service Service Web App Web App Web App Machine Operating System 9 HARDWARE VIRTUALIZATION - Fast provisioning - Isolation - Portability - Utilization - Configuration Management - Virtual Networking - Credential management Operating System Operating System Infrastructure Machine Machine
  10. 10. © 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Operating System Operating System Operating System ServiceApp ServiceServiceAppApp 10 MICROSERVICES - Polyglot - Single Responsibility - Smaller Teams - Utilization - Machine types/groups - Dependency hell Machine Infrastructure Machine Machine ServiceService ServiceServiceServiceService
  11. 11. © 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved. ServiceApp ServiceServiceAppApp OS 11 CONTAINERS - Rapid deployment - Dependency vendoring - Container image repositories - Spreadsheet scheduling OS OS Machine Infrastructure Machine Machine Container Runtime Container Runtime Container Runtime ServiceService ServiceServiceServiceService
  12. 12. © 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Service Container Runtime Container Runtime Container Runtime OS 12 CONTAINER ORCHESTRATION OS OS Container Orchestration Machine Infrastructure Machine Machine App ServiceServiceAppApp
  13. 13. © 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 13 CONTAINER ORCA-WHAT-NOW? Scheduling, Coordination, & Management of Containerized Processes as Higher Order Abstractions (e.g., Jobs, Services, Applications, Pods, etc.)
  14. 14. © 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 14
  15. 15. © 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Orchestration 15 Machine Infrastructure Web Apps & Services Scheduling Resource Management Container Runtime Machine & OS Service Management CONTAINER ORCHESTRATION Machine & OS Machine & OS Container Runtime Container Runtime Expanded
  16. 16. © 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 16 SCHEDULING - Placement - Replication/Scaling - Resurrection - Rescheduling - Rolling Deployment - Upgrades - Downgrades - Collocation RESOURCE MANAGEMENT - Memory - CPU - GPU - Volumes - Ports - IPs - Images/Artifacts SERVICE MANAGEMENT - Labels - Groups/Namespaces - Dependencies - Load Balancing - Readiness Checking FUNCTIONAL CAPABILITIES
  17. 17. © 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 17 SCALABILITY Performance, Responsiveness, Efficiency AVAILABILITY Fault Tolerance, Robustness, Reliability, Resilience, Disaster Recovery FLEXIBILITY Format Support, Interoperability, Extensibility, Container Runtimes USABILITY Familiarity, Maintainability, Compatibility, Debuggability PORTABILITY Host OS, Cloud, Bare-Metal, Hybrid SECURITY Auditability, Secrets Management, Encryption, Isolation NON-FUNCTIONAL QUALITIES
  18. 18. © 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 18 PLATFORM A base of technologies on which other technologies or processes are built. PLATFORM AS A SERVICE A managed, multitenant platform. CLOUD PLATFORM A hosted platform as a service on shared infrastructure. PLATFORM SPECTRUM Rainbow by Susanne Nilsson - CC BY-SA 2.0
  19. 19. © 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved. INFRASTRUCTURE PLATFORM e.g., OpenStack, VMware vSphere CONTAINER PLATFORM e.g., Kubernetes, DC/OS, Rancher APPLICATION PLATFORM e.g., Cloud Foundry, Red Hat OpenShift, Deis 19 PLATFORMS Oil Platform by Berardo62 - CC BY-SA 2.0
  20. 20. © 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved. CLOUD INFRASTRUCTURE PLATFORM e.g., Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud, Microsoft Azure, Google Compute Engine CLOUD CONTAINER PLATFORM e.g., Google Container Engine, Azure Container Services, Amazon EC2 Container Service CLOUD APPLICATION PLATFORM e.g., Heroku, Google App Engine, Pivotal Web Services, IBM Bluemix 20 CLOUD PLATFORMS
  21. 21. © 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 21
  22. 22. © 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 22 TODAY’S CONTESTANTS - Docker Swarm - ECS - Kontena - Nomad - Kubernetes - Rancher - OpenShift - DC/OS Non-Exhaustive List
  23. 23. © 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 23 SCHEDULING ORCHESTRATION FUNCTIONAL COMPARISON (06/2016) Placement Kubernetes DC/OS ECS Swarm Nomad Cattle Kontena Replication/Scaling Readiness Checking Resurrection Rescheduling Rolling Deployment Collocation Included External/Partial/Experimental
  24. 24. © 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 24 RESOURCE MANAGEMENT ORCHESTRATION FUNCTIONAL COMPARISON (06/2016) Memory Kubernetes DC/OS ECS Swarm Nomad Cattle Kontena CPU GPU Disk Space Persistent Volumes Ports IPs Included External/Partial/Experimental Volumes
  25. 25. © 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 25 SERVICE MANAGEMENT ORCHESTRATION FUNCTIONAL COMPARISON (06/2016) Labels Kubernetes DC/OS ECS Swarm Nomad Cattle Kontena Groups/Namespaces Dependencies Load Balancing Readiness Checking Included External/Partial/Experimental
  26. 26. © 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 26 CONTAINERIZATION - Stability & maturity - Standard image format - Distinct from orchestration - API reverse compatibility guarantees ORCHESTRATION - Feature parity - Abstraction convergence - Pluggable schedulers - Scale & responsiveness DISTRIBUTED OPERATING SYSTEMS - Collection of components - Package management - System space vs user space - POSIX for the datacenter THE FUTURE
  27. 27. © 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 27 DC/OS - Resource Management - Universal Containerizer - Container Orchestration - Pluggable Schedulers - Jobs & Services - Distributed System Services - Virtual Networking - Package Management - Services Catalog & Application Ecosystem - Day 2 Operational Focus ENTERPRISE DC/OS - E2E Encryption - Identity & Access Management - Secrets Management - Support
  28. 28. © 2016 Mesosphere, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 28 "Let's face it, the universe is messy. It is nonlinear, turbulent, and chaotic. It is dynamic. It spends its time in transient behavior on its way to somewhere else, not in mathematically neat equilibria. It self-organizes and evolves. It creates diversity, not uniformity. That's what makes the world interesting, that's what makes it beautiful, and that's what makes it work." Donella H. Meadows (Thinking in Systems: A Primer)

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