Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
   European Expansion   •Marco Polo (1254-1324)   •China’s emperor, Kubliai Khan   •Marco Polo   •The “best selling book”...
   Christopher Columbus (1451-1506)   Italian in the employ of Spain   discovery of the Americas
World Exploration, 1271-1295; 1486-1611Explorers are represented according to the nation for which they sailed.
   Cultural Heritage   Different tribes shared    some distinct cultural    characteristics, a kinship    systemThe oba ...
Africa, 1000-1500.
Muslims in front of a mosque in the town of San, Mali, 1971.Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art,
 Native folk traditions orally rather than in  writing. Griots – a special class of professional poet-  historians who p...
   Bambara ritual Chi    Wara dance        Mali, imitate the         movements of the         antelope, the totemic     ...
   meant to function like an     electric circuit; it was the     channel through which     spiritual power might     pas...
   heal the sick, communicate    with the spirits of ancestors   holds the bones of an    ancestor and guarded the    de...
   ceremonies for the     installation and death of a     ruler,Songe mask, from Zaire, nineteenthcentury, based on earli...
   earliest known 3-    dimentional    artworks of African.   Found in 1931, Nok.    Niger River in    Western Sudan.   ...
   African sculpture had a    major impact on European    art of the early 20th    century.   Pablo Picasso - “magical  ...
WILLIE COLE           (American, born           1955)           Speedster tji wara,           2002           Bicycle parts...
•Very few of Africa’s     wooden sculptures date     from before the 19th     century.•Country of Origin: Democratic Repub...
Congo (Afrique centrale),atelier de la Basse Lukuga,19e siecleLocation: musee du quaiBranlyCity: ParisCountry: FrancePerio...
Yoruba-Benin Bronze Maternity Figure, Possibly  Origin: Southwestern Nigeria  Circa: 1600 AD to 1800 ADAfrican Art / Yombe...
African Art / Nok Terracotta Head - PF.576                                         Origin: Northern Nigeria               ...
African Art / Bassa Wooden Sculpture of a Seated Woman - PF.4803Origin: Central LiberiaDate: 18th Century AD to 19th Centu...
African Art / Nupe Bronze Bell - PF.4005                                         Origin: Central Nigeria                  ...
African Art / Baule Wooden Mask with Two Face                                  Origin: Central Ivory Coast                ...
African Art / Benin Sculpture of a Leopar                                                       Origin: Nigeria           ...
African Cow
Water Buffalo
African Marsh Owl
African Elephant
African Hunting Dog
African Rock Python
   North America      fashioned their tools and weapons out       of wood, stone, bone, and bits of       volcanic glass...
   The largest and most advanced Native American societies were       those of Meso- and South America.Anasazi seed jar, ...
Lacking the potter’swheel, women hand-built vessels fordomestic andceremonial uses.
   1200 b.c.e., Meso-America -    Olmecs.   They were called “Olmecs”    (“rubber people”) by the    Aztecs, because of ...
   Between 250-900 C.E.   Blood sacrifice and    bloodletting   The only known Native    American culture to    produce...
   blood-    letting    ritual    Maya culture, Lintel Yaxchilan, Chiapas, Mexico,
Reconstruction drawing of post-classic Mayan fortress city of Chutixtiox,Quiche, Guatemala. (from Richard Adams, Prehistor...
   late 15th century -    mightiest power    in South America.Machu Picchu, Inca culture, near Cuzco, Peru, 15th-16th cen...
   Peruvian cultures noted for    their fine pottery, richly    woven textiles, and    sophisticated metalwork.Ceremonial...
   During the 15th century, the art           of monumental stone           sculpture.          terrifying icons of thei...
   They produced the    “Calendar Stone,” a huge    votive object that functioned    not as an actual calendar,    but as...
   The Spanish in the    Americas   Cortes (1485-1547)    overcame the Aztec    armies in 1521.   The Spanish completel...
The Americas before 1500.
   “The most important of these idols, and the    ones in whom they have most faith, I had taken    from their places and...
Chapter 9 euroean outreach and expansion
Chapter 9 euroean outreach and expansion
Chapter 9 euroean outreach and expansion
Chapter 9 euroean outreach and expansion
Chapter 9 euroean outreach and expansion
Chapter 9 euroean outreach and expansion
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Chapter 9 euroean outreach and expansion

2,632 views

Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Chapter 9 euroean outreach and expansion

  1. 1.  European Expansion •Marco Polo (1254-1324) •China’s emperor, Kubliai Khan •Marco Polo •The “best selling book” gave Marco Polo instant fame.Portuguese Carracks off a Rocky Coast, early to mid-16th century, oil on panel, 31 x57 in. © National Maritime Museum, London.
  2. 2.  Christopher Columbus (1451-1506) Italian in the employ of Spain discovery of the Americas
  3. 3. World Exploration, 1271-1295; 1486-1611Explorers are represented according to the nation for which they sailed.
  4. 4.  Cultural Heritage Different tribes shared some distinct cultural characteristics, a kinship systemThe oba (ruler) of Ife wearing a bead crown and plume, from Benin, twelfth tofourteenth centuries. Cast brass with red pigment, height 14 1/8 in. © TheTrustees of the British Museum.
  5. 5. Africa, 1000-1500.
  6. 6. Muslims in front of a mosque in the town of San, Mali, 1971.Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art,
  7. 7.  Native folk traditions orally rather than in writing. Griots – a special class of professional poet- historians who preserved the legends of the past by chanting or singing them from memory. Sundiata – an epic describing the formative phase Mali history.
  8. 8.  Bambara ritual Chi Wara dance  Mali, imitate the movements of the antelope, the totemic (important tribal object) figure, honored in this ritualBambara ritual chi wara dance, Mali. Photographic Archives, National Museum ofAfrican Art, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. (neg. no. VIII–58, 4A).Photo: Eliot Elisofon.
  9. 9.  meant to function like an electric circuit; it was the channel through which spiritual power might pass.Congo nail fetish, 1875-1900. Wood with screws, nails, blades, cowrie shell, and othermaterial, 3 ft. 10 in. high. Detroit Institute of Arts.
  10. 10.  heal the sick, communicate with the spirits of ancestors holds the bones of an ancestor and guarded the dead from evil. Kota reliquery figure, from Gabon. Wood covered with strips of copper and brass, 30 3/4 in.
  11. 11.  ceremonies for the installation and death of a ruler,Songe mask, from Zaire, nineteenthcentury, based on earlier models. Woodand paint, height 17 in.
  12. 12.  earliest known 3- dimentional artworks of African. Found in 1931, Nok. Niger River in Western Sudan. Head, Nok culture, ca. 500 B.C.E.-200 C.E. Terracotta, height 14-3/16 in. National Museum, Lagos/Bridgeman.
  13. 13.  African sculpture had a major impact on European art of the early 20th century. Pablo Picasso - “magical objects”.
  14. 14. WILLIE COLE (American, born 1955) Speedster tji wara, 2002 Bicycle parts 46 1/2 x 22 1/4 x 15" (118.1 x 56.5 x 38.1 cm.) Sarah Norton Goodyear Fund, 2002Bambara antelope headpiece, from Mali,nineteenth century, based on earliermodels. Wood, height 35 3/4 in., width 153/4 in.
  15. 15. •Very few of Africa’s wooden sculptures date from before the 19th century.•Country of Origin: Democratic Republic ofCongo, Equatorial Africa. Culture: Luba. Date /Period: probably late 19th C. Place of Origin: Buliregion. Material Size: Wood, h=53.5 cms.
  16. 16. Congo (Afrique centrale),atelier de la Basse Lukuga,19e siecleLocation: musee du quaiBranlyCity: ParisCountry: FrancePeriod/Style: AfricanGenre: SculptureNote: Bois. 35 x 16 x 23 cm,700 g. Inv.: 70.2004.36.2.Expose : Afrique
  17. 17. Yoruba-Benin Bronze Maternity Figure, Possibly Origin: Southwestern Nigeria Circa: 1600 AD to 1800 ADAfrican Art / Yombe Wooden Pfemba SculptureOrigin: Northwestern CongoDate: 20th Century AD
  18. 18. African Art / Nok Terracotta Head - PF.576 Origin: Northern Nigeria Date: 500 BC to 200 ADAfrican Art / Benin Ivory Head of a Mother Queen - PF.5563Origin: Benin City, NigeriaDate: 1600 AD to 1897 th Century AD
  19. 19. African Art / Bassa Wooden Sculpture of a Seated Woman - PF.4803Origin: Central LiberiaDate: 18th Century AD to 19th Century AD
  20. 20. African Art / Nupe Bronze Bell - PF.4005 Origin: Central Nigeria Date: 1500 AD to 1800 ADAfrican Art / Yoruba / Yoruba Ivory Sculpture of a Kneeling Woman - PF.3955Origin: Southwestern NigeriaDate: 20th Century AD
  21. 21. African Art / Baule Wooden Mask with Two Face Origin: Central Ivory Coast Circa: 20th Century www.artofancientafrica.com/Benin Bronze Head of an Oba- LSO.568Origin: NigeriaCirca: 18th to 19 th Century AD
  22. 22. African Art / Benin Sculpture of a Leopar Origin: Nigeria Date: 16 th Century AD to 19 th Century ADAfrican Art / Bamun Ivory Sculpture of a Monkey and Child - PF.6132 Origin: Cameroon Date: 20 th Century AD
  23. 23. African Cow
  24. 24. Water Buffalo
  25. 25. African Marsh Owl
  26. 26. African Elephant
  27. 27. African Hunting Dog
  28. 28. African Rock Python
  29. 29.  North America  fashioned their tools and weapons out of wood, stone, bone, and bits of volcanic glass.  Wooden poles carved and painted with totems- heraldic (coat of arms) family symbolsThe Thunderbird House Post, replica totem pole. Stanley Park, Vancouver, BritishColumbia, Canada, 1988. Carved and painted wood, 12 ft. high.
  30. 30.  The largest and most advanced Native American societies were those of Meso- and South America.Anasazi seed jar, 1100-1300. Lacking the potter’s wheel, women hand-Earthenware and black and built vessels for domestic and ceremonialwhite pigment, 14 1/2 in. uses.diameter. Cliff Palace, Mesa Verde National Park, Colorado, Anasazi culture, Pueblo period, c. 1200 CE
  31. 31. Lacking the potter’swheel, women hand-built vessels fordomestic andceremonial uses.
  32. 32.  1200 b.c.e., Meso-America - Olmecs. They were called “Olmecs” (“rubber people”) by the Aztecs, because of the trees that flourished in their region.
  33. 33.  Between 250-900 C.E. Blood sacrifice and bloodletting The only known Native American culture to produce a written language.Castillo, with Chacmool in the foreground, Chichen Itza, Yucatan, Mexico. Maya,9th-13th centuries. AKG Images/Erich Lessing.
  34. 34.  blood- letting ritual Maya culture, Lintel Yaxchilan, Chiapas, Mexico,
  35. 35. Reconstruction drawing of post-classic Mayan fortress city of Chutixtiox,Quiche, Guatemala. (from Richard Adams, Prehistoric Mesoamerica,
  36. 36.  late 15th century - mightiest power in South America.Machu Picchu, Inca culture, near Cuzco, Peru, 15th-16th centuries.
  37. 37.  Peruvian cultures noted for their fine pottery, richly woven textiles, and sophisticated metalwork.Ceremonial knife, from the Lambayequevalley, Peru, ninth to eleventh centuries.Hammered gold with turquoise inlay, 13 x 51/8 in
  38. 38.  During the 15th century, the art of monumental stone sculpture.  terrifying icons of their gods and goddesses.Coatlique, Mother of the Gods, Aztec,1487-1520. Andesite, height 8 ft. 3 1/4 in.
  39. 39.  They produced the “Calendar Stone,” a huge votive object that functioned not as an actual calendar, but as a symbol of the Aztec cosmos.Sun disk, known as the "CalendarStone," Aztec, fifteenth century.Diameter 13 ft., weight 24 1/2 tons.
  40. 40.  The Spanish in the Americas Cortes (1485-1547) overcame the Aztec armies in 1521. The Spanish completely demolished the island city, from whose ruins Mexico City would eventually rise.Theodore de Bry (1528–1598), Spanish Cruelties Cause the Indians to Despair, fromGrands Voyages. Frankfurt, 1594. Woodcut.
  41. 41. The Americas before 1500.
  42. 42.  “The most important of these idols, and the ones in whom they have most faith, I had taken from their places and thrown down the steps; and I had those chapels where they were cleansed for they were full of blood sacrifices’ and I had images of Our Lady and of other saints put there, which caused Mutezuma an the other naives some sorrow.”

×