Over the 16 years that we've been providing support to organizations at nearly every stage of the Lean journey, leadership has consistently emerged as the single most important determinant of success. Those organizations with deep leadership engagement soar, while those who don't fail to experience significant transformation.
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A Key to Apple’s Success?
14 “…saying no to 1,000 things to make sure we don’t get on the wrong track or try to do too much. …it’s only by saying no (or not now) that you can concentrate on the things that are really important.” — Steve Jobs
Task #1: Focus Reduces Chaos.
Task #2: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Round 1 – Alternate between tasks : letter, number, letter, number, etc. Sentence: Numbers: The Cost of Switch Tasking Round 2 – No switch tasking. Write the full sentence and then the numbers 1-17. Sentence: Numbers:
Strategy Deployment Plan Development Pre-work
19 Gather lists of: • All active projects and initiatives • All stalled projects and initiatives • All planned projects and initiatives • All desired projects and initiatives • All “stealth/rogue” projects and initiatives
20 Must do Eliminate Maybe
Delay 1. List what you could do on 3x6” post-its (active or planned initiatives, projects & improvement activities). Gain consensus. 2. Categorize them (place post-it on appropriate page. Gain consensus. 3. Decide what you will do. (Move “maybe’s” onto one of the other three pages.) Gain consensus. Label Four Flip Chart Pages & Hang on Wall
23 1. Increase sales 5%.
3. Achieve 10% profit. Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec IT Mktg Ops HR Bob Fin PE Pario COM Direct CDs / AMs PD Rec PD Mgmt BMD SWS 2 3,500 units sold by 12/31/2013 through all channels (approx. $700K) X X X X X X X X X X X X Bob Dana 2 3 3 3 2 3 3 1 1 3 3 1 3 11 Develop & deliver training to top 50 Dealers X X X X X X Bob Rex/Tim 3 3 3 21 Revised course materials by 6/30/2013 X X X Bob Josh R? 2 3 3 2 2 5 Education: 1 school district spec'd/underperforming COM distributor (25) by 12/31 valued at min $35K each X X X X X X X X X X X X Howard Michael S 1 3 2 3 3 8 10 new dealers on board (net) ($500K per dealer this year) X X X X X X X X X X X X Howard Mike B 2 3 9 5 new distributors bringing $200K annual rev (& 5 terminated) X X X X X X X X X X X X Howard Howard 1 1 1 2 3 17 10 projects spec'd by 12/31; $300K rev by 12/31 X X X X X X X X X X Howard Dana 1 3 3 3 29 20 by year-end X X X X X X X X X X X X Howard Mark H 2 3 3 3 32 TBD X X X Howard Howard 33 TBD X X X X X X X X X Howard Howard 10 Useful reporting and metrics are established and in place X X Jim Randall 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 30 TBD X X X X X Jim Josh 3 31 TBD X X X X X X Jim Josh 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 25 TBD Jim Shannon 3 3 1 1 1 1 1 26 System 7.0's in place X X X Jim Randall 3 2 1 2 1 15 100% accurate payroll; 100% management satisfaction at April mgmt. meeting X X X Josh Phyllis 1 3 20 Internet task list is simplified and streamlined for PDs then plan is rolled out to PDs X X X X Michael M Michael M 2 3 2 3 22 Design Calculator is updated successfully and rolled out X X X Neall Matt D 3 1 1 3 2 2 3 24 Competitive Analysis complete and distributed for use X X X Neall Dana 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 1 Design changed to solve delam issue long-term X X X X X Susan David R 3 2 3 12 30 parts sourced in U.S.; completed plan for managing China-sourced parts X X X X X X Susan Shannon 3 3 2 2 13 Warehouse laid out; kanban revised; Syspro implemented X X X Susan Shannon 3 14 Lay out complete; equipment installed X X X Susan David R 3 3 X = Planned 2013 Priorities 2013 Goals & Objectives 4. Improve morale (metric TBD). 2. Achieve 50% gross margin. Created: 01-14-13 Revised: Level of Effort/Involvement Required Priority Goal or Measurable Objective Exec Owner Plan review dates: Tactical Owner ● = Actual < Company Name > Contentremovedforconfidentiality Modified Strategy Deployment Annual Plan
POST: Plan Management 24 •
Weekly status meetings to start, then 2x a month, then monthly (required attendance). • Focus: how to turn red items into green • Expectation: Full team helps remove obstacles • Tone: supportive but tough • Visibility matters: post progress physically! • Modify plan for changing conditions, but avoid Organizational ADD
30 Detailed Steps 1. Define
and break down the problem. 2. Grasp the current condition. 3. Set a target condition. 4. Conduct root cause & gap analysis. 5. Identify potential countermeasures. 6. Develop & test countermeasure(s) 7. Refine and finalize countermeasure(s). 8. Implement countermeasure(s). Study Evaluate Results 9. Measure process performance. 10. Refine, standardize, & stabilize the process. 11. Monitor process performance. 12. Reflect & share learning. Adjust Do Clarifying the PDSA Cycle Plan Develop Hypothesis Conduct Experiment Refine Standardize Stabilize Phase Nailing the Plan stage of PDSA is the most important element in the entire cycle.
Investigation Takes Many Forms 32
P/U AFrame Power Pole o st g Up Spag ett ag a e o e a e t p o e e ts st ated d sta ce a ed du g g Up 3095 t ag a o o s t e oo a d a d does ot c ude o g t e a e g Up e 90 utes Water
33 Detailed Steps 1. Define
and break down the problem. 2. Grasp the current condition. 3. Set a target condition. 4. Conduct root cause & gap analysis. 5. Identify potential countermeasures. 6. Develop & test countermeasure(s) 7. Refine and finalize countermeasure(s). 8. Implement countermeasure(s). Study Evaluate Results 9. Measure process performance. 10. Refine, standardize, & stabilize the process. 11. Monitor process performance. 12. Reflect & share learning. Adjust Do Clarifying the PDSA Cycle Plan Develop Hypothesis Conduct Experiment Refine Standardize Stabilize Phase Iterative Problem Definition & Scoping
36 2. Grasp the Current
Condition • Understand the details behind the problem. • Options – OBSERVATION – Interview – Data analysis – Video analysis – Document review – Value stream or process mapping, – Etc.
A3 Reports are used as:
Coaching aid Consensus-building tool Communication tool Organizational learning device Problem Countermeasures / Implementation Plan - 32% of customers dissatisfied with office space cleanlines- 80% of emergency service requests are to wrong contact - Standard work for restroom cleaning - Standard work checklist for non-routine items - Service levels vary by building - Standard process for measuring & mixing chemicals - 10% of daily staffing available is allocated to travel/check in time - Restroom cleaning log - Standard facility service plan (Plan A & Plan B) Current Condition - Modify & standardize process for unplanned absences - 31 Facility areas require custodial services - Modify starting points and schedules to reduce transportation waste - Evaluate fleet availability to reduce waiting waste Effect Confirmation Target Conditions/Measurable Objectives - 80% Daily staffing availability - 50% Improvement - customer satisfaction with restroom cleanliness - Defined standard work (for custodial staff and customers) Follow Up Actions Root Cause & Gap Analysis - Undefined level of service (office parties, special events) - No defined process for unplanned absences (calling in, redistribute work, etc.) - Inconsistent availability of communication tools (vary by building) - No defined process for requesting/responding to emergencies - Variation in cleaning schedules versus facility operating schedules - Unpredictable daily staffing - Travel time + Check in Time = 16.00 hrs/day = 2 FTE - Customer requested personalized service (newspaper delivery, parties, trash) CUSTODIAL SERVICES A3 Plan Do, Check, Act - 22% of customers dissatisfied with restroom cleanliness 8% 20% 8% 14% 17% 33% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% Phone Call to Custodian Phone Call to Custodial Supervisor Phone Call to Custodial Manager Phone Call to Public Works Dispatch (x6000) Email Notify Custodial Staff On Site Survey: When you require emergency services, how do you request them? 32% 22% 19% 18% 6% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% Office Spaces Restrooms Common Areas Overall Conference Rooms Survey: Custodial Services - Areas of Dissatisfaction Travel/ Check In Time 16.00 10% Absent Staff 24.00 15% Vacancies 24.00 15% Special Events 2.00 1% Staff Available 94.00 59% Daily Staffing Availability (Hours) 41% ofdaily staffing is unavailable for custodial tasks Title # Staff Hrs/Wk Hrs/Day Lead Custodian 4 160 32 FT Custodian 8 520 64 FT Custodian (Vacant) 2 80 16 PT/Perm (avg 30 hrs each) 3 90 24 PT/Temp (avg 20 hrs each) 3 60 24 Total 20 910 160 Current Actual Result State (+ 60 days) Customers dissatisfied with restroom cleanliness 22% <10% Avg minutes per restroom cleaning 35 30 Avg hours per day cleaning restrooms (184 restrooms) 107 92 Daily staffing availability 59% 80% Daily travel/check in time (hours/day) 16 8 Travel miles per day 139 <70 Metric Projected Remaining Actions Owner 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Explore options to improve cell phone availability Mark R. Define process for requesting and responding to emergencies Custodial Supvs Equip carts for recycling Mark R. Process mapping for specialized facilities Mark R. Standardize Cart Equipment & Supplies Custodial Supvs Process improvement for other facility types, e.g. offices, common areas, etc. Mark R. Consider alternative staffing models (floaters, modified shifts) Mark R. Actively manage vacancies Mark R. Implementation Schedule (Months) 42
Alignment of A3s Senior Leadership
Middle Management Front Lines Focus A3s How are we going to grow the business? Micro A3s How do we reduce setup time at workstation XYZ? Problem A3s How are we going to reduce lead time to better meet customer demand? 43
PROBLEM A3 #1 PROBLEM A3
#2 PROBLEM A3 #3 PROBLEM A3 #4 PROBLEM A3 #5 FY17 PRIORITIES PROBLEM A3 #6 PROBLEM A3 #7 PROBLEM A3 #8 PROBLEM A3 #9 PROBLEM A3 #10 PROBLEM A3 #11 PROBLEM A3 #12 PROBLEM A3 #13 PROBLEM A3 #14 PROBLEM A3 #15 PROBLEM A3 #16 PROBLEM A3 #17 PROBLEM A3 #18 PROBLEM A3 #19 PROBLEM A3 #20 Visual Management of Key Priorities 46