Media Literacy and theRenaissance Photoshop Project
What is Photo Manipulation?Photo manipulation is the application of image editingtechniques to photographs in order to create an illusionor deception (in contrast to mere enhancement orcorrection), through analog or digital means.
From DailyMail:The history of doctoring photographs dates back to the 1860s. Only afew decades after the first photograph in 1814, photographs werealready being manipulated. The nearly iconic portrait of U.S. PresidentAbraham Lincoln is a composite of Lincoln’s head and the Southernpolitician John Calhoun’s body.
From Media Bistro:National Geographic wasaccused of altering aphotograph so that the Egyptianpyramids were closer togetherand thus fit on the verticalcover. The editors wereallegedly unapologetic aboutcreating a more aestheticallypleasing cover. Rich Clarkson,director of photography atNational Geographic during thetime, said he had no ethicalproblem with combining twophotographs into a single coverpicture, although “somepublications could startabusing.”
From Sree.net:Photographer BrianWalski used hiscomputer to combineelements of the twophotographs. The leftside of the alteredphoto is taken from thetop left photo, and theright side of the alteredphoto is from the topright one. Someresidents on the leftside of the blendedphoto are visible twice.The altered photo ranon the front page of theLos Angeles TimesMonday.
From China Tibet News:Photographer Liu Weiqiang merged the images of antelope and a high-speed train after waiting for two weeks for the perfect photo with nosuccess. Despite his earnestness, he was eventually blacklisted byseveral Chinese news outlets
Locate a Renaissance painting online at http://artstor.org
●Download a fairuse image of aRenaissancepainting to yourArt Folder.●Take a selfphotograph infront of a plainwall or withPhotoBooth.●Try to mimic theface/head angle.
●Open the picture ofyou in Photoshop.●Use the Eraser andMagic Wand tools inthe left side menu toerase everythingunecessary.●Change the size ofthe Eraser and/or thetolerance of theMagic Wand.●The higher thetolerance, the largerthe area you willselect.●Zoom in and out foraccuracy.
●Click on the white area with the Magic Wand tool.●Go to Select --> Inverse to highlight only your face(or body). Copy this (command + C).
●Open a new Photoshop file.●Give it a good file name like RenaissanceArtProject .●Change the Width, Height to print either 8.5x11 or 11x8.5depending on whether your painting is more like a portrait orlandscape.●For good print quality, change the resolution to 150.
Create two new layers by clicking Layers --> New Layers:●name the first one painting●name the second one meNow you have a total of 3 layers:1. Layer 1 (the background layer)2. Painting3. Me
●On the me layer, paste the photo of you.●On the painting layer, paste your chosen painting.
●Change the scale or rotatea layer by going to:Edit --> Free Transform●Hold down the Shift key tokeep things proportional(relatively sized).●Flip the image horizontallyor vertically by going to:Edit --> Transform●Lock your transformationinto place by pressing theReturn button.
●Move the me layerinto place using theMove Tool.●Continue to erase ifnecessary with theEraser Tool.
Adjust the color balance, exposure, contrast, hue under:Image --> AdjustmentsThere are many sliders you can use to experiment.
A nice final effect is making the "me" layer slighly blurry using avery light eraser or play with the available filters.
Save your final image as a JPEG in your Art Folder.Upload your JPEG to the class album on The Gallery.