Project Guardian Overview


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This presentation includes an overview of Project Guardian, history of active shooter incidents and a few tips and tactics on responding to an active shooter incident.

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  • Teachers, school district and breakouts with fire dept, etc. and response: escape, hide, barricade, etc. Lock-down drills??
  • Note that this was started by LE who have tactical experience including teaching active shooter response, etc.
  • Note that this was started by LE who have tactical experience including teaching active shooter response, etc.
  • Strange behavior of students: Is someone at your school making statements about hurting people or doing other things out of the ordinary? Remember, if it seems strange or threatening to you, follow your gut. Many active shooter incidents in the past had some indicators of unusual behavior that had gone unreported.Unfamiliar/out of place people: Is this someone you have never seen at the school before? Are they too old to go to your school? Is it someone you recognize and you know they do not go to your school? Is it someone who does go to your school but it acting strangely? Bulky Clothing: Is the person wearing clothing that looks like something is hidden underneath? Are they wearing odd clothing like a military style uniform? Is their clothing inappropriate for the time of year? Unusual activity: Do you see someone doing something out of the ordinary like locking doors? Is someone carrying multiple bags that appear heavy? Do you see someone concealing small packages in areas of the school?
  • Escape: Get away from the bad guy. Go in the opposite direction. Be aware of escape routes in your school. Doors, windows, hallways and fire exits.Hide: If you cannot get away, find a secure place to hide. Report: Once you’ve got to a secure place to hide or have escaped, call 911 and describe the bad guy(s) to police and tell them what he is doing.Barricade: Once you have found a place to hide, secure the location with any means available. Block the door by tying it shut, placing heavy objects against it or anything else you can find in the room. Turn your cell phone ring tone down and be quiet. Turn out lights, close window blinds. Stay away from windows.Arm: If you are hiding and the bad guy is trying to get into your hiding area, arm yourself with whatever objects you can find in the room. There are many objects in the classroom that can be used as an improvised weapon. Books, chairs, staplers, fire extinguishers and computer screens are just a few examples. Fight: If the bad guy gets through your barricade, attack him aggressively with whatever items you have armed yourself with. Throwing books or other heavy objects will distract the attacker giving you time to close on and disarm them. The more people who attack and throw things, the better your chances are of success.
  • Teachers, school district and breakouts with fire dept, etc. and response: escape, hide, barricade, etc. Lock-down drills??
  • Project Guardian Overview

    1. 1. About Project Guardian Formed after Sandy Hook shooting Professionals from various disciplines committed to protecting our nation’s children Addressing various issues involved (i.e., culture, training, physical security) Providing unified & direct training for school staff, parents and children
    2. 2. Mission StatementProject Guardian is a group of dedicated professionalswho volunteer their time and expertise for the safetyand security of our nation’s schools.Members of the project come from lawenforcement, military, mental health and academicbackgrounds. The project providesconsulting, training, and legislative action to addressmodern issues that pose a threat to the safe learningenvironment of our children.
    3. 3. Issues Involved1) Politics – e.g., pro-gun vs. anti-gun2) Mental health issues3) Violent video games4) Physical security of school5) Lack of preparedness & training6) Mindset
    4. 4. Time for Action Need a national, unified & cohesive strategy  Need to be speaking the same language Two-Phase Plan 1. What we can do TODAY 2. Ideal future state with roadmap (five-year vision)  Seek private funding  Seek grant money
    5. 5. Phase 1: What we can do TODAY Active shooter response training for school staff & students Assess physical security of school grounds Develop response & coordination plan with local law enforcement
    6. 6. Phase 2: The Future Teachers/staff trained in active shooter response Training for students (tailored for age groups) Implement physical security measures Legislation changes Teachers/staff as concealed carry permit holders Private funding Grant money
    7. 7. History of ActiveShooter Incidents“TEXAS TOWER SNIPER” Aug. 1, 1966 University of Texas at Austin Charles Whitman, 25 years old, climbed clock tower heavily armed 17 killed and 32 wounded Killed by Austin Police Officer Houston McCoy Lasted 1 hour 36 minutes
    8. 8. Mission StatementHistory of ActiveShooter Incidents“MCDONALDS MASSACRE” July 18, 1984 McDonalds in San Ysidro, CA James Huberty, 41 years old, walked into restaurant and opened fire 21 killed and 19 wounded Killed by San Ysidro Police Sniper Chuck Foster Lasted 77 minutes
    9. 9. History of ActiveShooter Incidents“LUBYS MASSACRE” October 16 1991, Luby’s Restaurant in Killen, Texas George Hennard, 35 years old, crashed his truck through window and opened fire. 23 killed and 20 wounded Committed suicide after being engaged by police Lasted 16 minutes
    10. 10. History of ActiveShooter Incidents “COLUMBINE MASSACRE” April 20, 1999, Columbine HS Littleton, CO Eric Harris & Dylan Klebold set several bombs and shot students and staff 13 killed and 21 wounded Committed suicide as SWAT team moved in. Lasted 49 minutes
    11. 11. History of ActiveShooter Incidents“VIRGINIA TECH MASSACRE” April 16 2007, Virginia Tech U, Blacksburg, VA Seung-Hui Cho, 23 years old, Barricaded doors and shot fellow students 32 killed and 17 wounded Committed suicide as police approached Lasted 2 hours 36 minutes
    12. 12. History of ActiveShooter Incidents“CENTURY CINEMA SHOOTING” July 20, 2012, theatre in Aurora, CO James Holmes gassed and shot people in theatre. 12 killed and 58 wounded Fled as police arrived; arrested near car outside theatre Lasted 7 minutes
    13. 13. History of ActiveShooter Incidents“SANDY HOOK” Dec. 14, 2012 Sandy Hook Elementary School, Newton, CT Adam Lanza, 20 years old, forced entry to the school and shot children 26 killed and 2 wounded Committed suicide when police arrived Lasted 7 minutes
    14. 14. Lesser Known Incidents 2/2/96 Frontier MS, Moses Lake, WA: 14 yo killed 3 before being subdued by coach 10/1/97 Pearl HS, Pearl, MS: 16 yo killed 2 before being stopped by Assist. Principal with .45 pistol 5/21/98 Thurston HS, Springfield, OR: 15 yo killed 2 before being subdued by other students. 12/6/99 Fort Gibson MS, Fort Gibson, OK: 13 yo shot 4 (zero deaths) before being tackled by teacher 3/7/01 Bishop Neumann HS, Williamsport, PA: 14 yo shot 1 (zero deaths) was overpowered by teacher.
    15. 15. Lessons Learned Every time the shooter met an opposing force the killing of innocent people stopped When stopped by police (vs. someone at scene when incident starts) an average of 12.1 people are killed ** When stopped by people on scene an average of 1.08 people are killed **** Study of 20 active shooter cases at schools 1996-2013
    16. 16. Active Shooter PreventionINDICATORS Strange behavior of students (e.g., withdrawn, aggressive, overly cheerful) Unfamiliar/out of place people (watch for demeaner, whole body, hands, waistline) Bulky clothing or clothing that does not match the weather Unusual activity of any kind
    17. 17. Awareness Color Codes of Awareness WHITE YELLOW ORANGE RED Relaxed Relaxed (Specific) Fight! Unaware Alert (Mental Unprepared (Non- Trigger) specific)
    18. 18. Possible Respone  ESCAPE: If possible, escape the location completely  HIDE: If unable to escape, hide  BARRICADE: secure area, turn off lights, find concealment and cover  REPORT: If able to do so safely, report immediately  ARM: Arm with improvised weapons (ideally CCW)  FIGHT: If shooter enters area, launch violent attack Always question out of place people or students If possible, distract shooter away from students
    19. 19. Decision-MakingOODA LOOP Observe Orient Decide Act Important to stress inoculate so you don’t freeze and can act quickly