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Ag wa cta investment setting


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Ag wa cta investment setting

  1. 1. CTA Annual Seminar Public Policy and Investment 23rd November, 2010 Andy Bullock, Interim Facilitator
  2. 2. Decline since 1987 - despite Asian evidence Poor sector performance Weak MDG connections Lack of initial response to 1st Generation PRSPs Debt Relief etc Competing demands on ODA – higher returns elsewhere
  3. 3. Stagnation of assets Stagnation of absorptive capacity
  4. 4. 70m to > 130m ha and >7,000 medium-large sized dams within 40 years (high private sector engagement) Yield increases, reduced vulnerability to climate vagaries (eg at planting), extended cropping season, intensification (double-cropping)
  5. 5. Ag water estimated at ~50% of Green Revolution costs. But – ‘Rainbow revolution ‘ – mosaic of farming systems
  6. 6. Different beneficiary targets, political economies, financing models , connections with river basin management 1) improved water control and watershed management in rain-fed environments 2) small scale community-managed irrigation for local markets; 3) individual smallholder irrigation for high value markets; 4) market oriented (medium-large scale) irrigation on a public private partnership basis 5) reform and modernization of existing large scale irrigation
  7. 7. Pan-African targets AfDB – double-digit GDP growth necessary CAADP – 6% agric growth National targets (through CAADP Compacts) 2.5% annual growth in Kenya, 3.6% in Liberia, 6% in Uganda, 7% in Rwanda, 10-13% in Nigeria
  8. 8. Africa Water Vision 2025 Follow-up through AMCOW (eg RPP) Ouagadougou Call for Action (Collaborative Program) Tunis Declaration 2008 Sirte Conference in 2008
  9. 9. Refined estimates for SSA – 5bn US$ p.a. Current flows – 2 bn US$. Annual financing gap 3 bn US$ (CapEx and O&M)
  10. 10. 20 Countries progress to Post-Compact status by 2010 All striving for higher Agricultural growth Mainly countries facing ‘economic water scarcity’ Some impacted detrimentally, some beneficially by CC projections
  11. 11. •Maputo Declaration - 10% of Govt funding (~5 bn US$) •Food crisis response – Post L’Aquila/Pittsburg GAFSP (9bn US$) •IFAD 8th Replenishment (3bn US$) •WB Irrigation Business Plan (~1bn US$ p.a.) •AfDB Irrigation and water storage Business Plan – 500,000 ha, 1% annual rise in storage) • Others – eg IsDB, bilaterals •Emerging Partners (Sovereign Funds)
  12. 12. The main foci for action to 2015: supporting AWM operations and investments in 20 Post-Compact countries (significant expansion of AWM, ‘next generation’ Ag SWAPs/irrigation policies) Countries (perhaps indicatively 5-10) progressing to Compacts (alignments of AWM within national development and agricultural strategies, effective national irrigation policies and strategies, and AWM with food security policies working with CAADP to support (indicatively 5-10) countries that will progress towards, but not necessarily conclude on, Compacts Low Income Countries Under Stress (LICUS)
  13. 13. Uganda - rehabilitation of five large public irrigation schemes (6535 ha) Malawi - rehabilitate existing irrigation schemes and construct new ones to expand irrigated area from 20,000 ha to 40,000 ha Rwanda - area under sustainable water management to 300,000ha, 66,000 ha of marshland rice development by 2016 Liberia - expansion of agricultural land under irrigation from 2% to 5% Ghana - micro- and small-scale irrigation to benefit 50,000 households by 2015
  14. 14. Investment readiness ‘stairway’
  15. 15. Targeting (subject to demand): 260,000 (ha) of irrigation and 400,000 ha of improved water management in rainfed agriculture
  16. 16. • 20 countries progressing to operationalise CAADP (through Compacts, Investment Plans etc) •Alignments with CAADP by development partner support (eg GPAFS) •Major improvements in actual and pipeline investment flow •AWM embedded within national agricultural development and food security strategies •New facilitating arrangements at country-level of Line Ministries • Not uniquely a funding challenge •High demand for operational support in (capacity-limited) implementing agencies • ‘New generation’ of better performing interventions • Positive experiences (research, civ soc) in scaled-up areas • Support institutions to gear up to operations