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  1. 1. MAJOR TOPICS Short Note: Latitude and Longitude, Tropic of Cancer, Tropic of Capricorn, Equator, Continent, Sub Continent, Peninsula, Island, Prime Meridian, Standard Meridian Location of India Size of India Position of India India and Neighboring Countries Map
  2. 2. Describe the Location of India India is a vast country lying in the Northern hemisphere. It extends between latitude 8 ̊4’ N and 37 ̊6’N and longitudes 68 ̊ 7’ E and 97 ̊ 25’ E. 23 ̊ 30’ N latitudes divides the entire country into almost two equal parts and it s known as the Tropic of Cancer. The Southeast and the Southwest of the mainland, lie the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and the Lakshadweep Islands in Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea respectively. Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Tripura and Mizoram are the states through which the Tropic of Cancer passes.
  3. 3. EquatorIt is a 0 ̊ latitude. It divides the earth into two equal parts. Northern and Southern hemisphere. HemisphereHalf of a Sphere. The earth is divided into the Northern and Southern hemisphere by an equator.
  4. 4. Latitude and LongitudeIt is the angular distance, north or south from theequator, of a point on the Earth surface. The equatoris 0 ̊, and points can be therefore be measured indegrees, south or north of this line It is the angular distance of a pointmeasured on the earth’s surface to the east or west ofa central reference point. The reference point in thiscase is the plane created by a meridian going throughGreenwich in England. It is 0 ̊ meridian.
  5. 5. Tropic of Cancer It is a 23 ̊ 30’ N latitude. It divides the entire country into almost two equal parts, it is known as the Tropic of Cancer. Rays of sun fall vertically on it on 21st June. Tropic of CapricornIt is a 23 ̊ 30’ South latitude. Rays of sun fall vertically on it on 22nd December. Tropical ZoneThe earth’s surface between Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn.
  6. 6. PeninsulaA piece of land which is surrounded by water on two sides. It is connected to the rest of the land by a narrow neck of land.Eg: Indian peninsular and Malaysian peninsula IslandA piece of land surrounded by seas on all sides.Eg: Sri Lanka and Lakshadweep.
  7. 7. Size of the India The total area of India is 3.28 million It is nearly 2.4per cent of the total geographical area of the World. India is the seventh largest country in the World. India has a land boundary of about 15,200 km and the total length of the cost line of the main land including Andaman and Nicobar and Lakshadweep is 7516.6 km. India is bounded by the young fold mountains in the northwest, north and northeast. South of about 22 ̊ north latitude, it begins to taper and extends towards the Indian ocean, dividing into two seas, the Arabian sea on the west and Bay of Bengal on the east